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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 10 10 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Pindar, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XI, Chapter 52 (search)
473 B.C.When Menon was archon in Athens, the Romans chose as consuls Lucius Aemilius Mamercus and Gaius Cornelius Lentulus, and in Italy a war broke out between the Tarantini and the Iapygians. For these peoples, disputing with each other over some land on their borders, had been engaging for some years in skirmishings and in raiding each other's territory, and since the difference between them kept constantly increasing and frequently resulted in deaths, they finally went headlong into out-and-out contention. Now the Iapygians not only made ready the army of their own men but they also joined with them an auxiliary force of their neighbours, collecting in this way a total body of more than twenty thousand soldiers; and the Tarantini, on learning of the great size of the army gathered against them, both mustered the soldiers of their state and added to them many more of the Rhegians, who were their allies. A fierce battle took pl
Pindar, Nemean (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien), Nemean 4 For Timasarchus of Aegina Boys' Wrestling ?473 B. C. (search)
Nemean 4 For Timasarchus of Aegina Boys' Wrestling ?473 B. C. When toils have been resolved, festivity is the best physician; and songs, the skillful daughters of the Muses, soothe with their touch. And warm water does not wet the limbs so gentlyas praise that accompanies the lyre. Speech lives longer than deeds; whatever words the tongue, with the favor of the Graces, draws from the deep mind. May it be mine to set forth such speech, in honor of Zeus the son of Cronus, and Nemea,and Timasarchus' wrestling, as a prelude to my song. And may it be welcomed by the home of the Aeacids, with its fine towers, that light which shines for all, with justice that defends the stranger. And if your father Timocritus had still been warmed by the strength of the sun, playing embroidered notes on the citharaand bending to this strain, he would have often celebrated his triumphant son, because he had sent back from the contest at Cleonae a chain of garlands, and from splendid, illustrious Athens; a
Aventinensis the name of a plebeian family of the Genucia gens. The name was derived from the hill Aventinus, which was the quarter of Rome peculiar to the plebeians. The family was descended from the tribune Cn. Genucius, who was murdered in B. C. 473.
Ce'phalus (*Ke/falos). 1. The son of Lysanias, grandson of Cephalus, and father of the orator Lysias, was a Syracusan by birth, but went to Athens at the invitation of Pericles, where he lived thirty years, till his death, taking a part in public affairs, enjoying considerable wealth, and having so high a reputation that he never had an action brought against him. He is one of the speakers in Plato's Republic. * The Cephalus, who is one of the speakers in the Parmenides of Plato, was a different person, a native of Clazomenae. (Plat. Parm. p. 126.) (Lys. c. Eratosth. p. 120. 26, ed. Steph.; Plat. Repub. p. 328b. &c., comp. Cic. Att. 4.16; Taylor's Life of Lysias, in Reiske's Oratores Graeci.) He died at a very advanced age before B. C. 443, so that he must have settled at Athens before B. C. 473. (Clinton, Fast. Hell. s. ann. 443.) He left three sons -- Polemarchus, Lysias, and Euthydemu
Genu'cius 2. Cn. Genucius, was tribune of the plebs in B. C. 473, and used the most vehement exertions to carry into effect the agrarian law, for the evasion of which he brought a charge against L. Furius and C. Manlius, the consuls of the preceding year. The patricians were greatly alarmed, and assassinated Genucius in his bled on the night before the accasation was to be brought before the people. (Liv. 2.54; Dionys. A. R. 9.37, &c., 10.38; Zonar. 7.17; comp. Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, vol. ii. p. 208, &c.)
Julus 3. VOPISCUS JULIUS. C. F. L. N., JULUS, son of No. 1, and brother of No. 2, was consul with L. Aemilius Mamercus in B. C. 473. Livy (2.54.) mentions Opiter Verginius as the colleague of Aemilius, but says that he had found in some annals the name of Vopiscus Julius in place of Verginius. There were great civil commotions at Rome in this year. First came the murder of the tribune Genucius, and the consequent excitement; and since the consuls, flushed with this victory, as they deemed it, over the people, pressed the levy of troops with more than usual rigour, and among other acts of oppression attempted to compel one Volero Publilius to serve as a common soldier, though he had previously held the rank of centurion, the people at length became so indignant, that they rose against the consuls, and drove them out of the formn. (Liv. 2.54, 55; Dionys. A. R. 9.37-41; Diod. 11.65; Flor. 1.22.)
rst time in B. C. 484 with K. FABIUS VIBULANUS, conquered the Volsci and Aequi, according to Livy, but suffered a defeat from them, according to the statement of Dionysius, who also says that Mamercus was in consequence ashamed to go into the city for the purpose of holding the comitia. (Liv. 2.42; Dionys. A. R. 8.83-87; Diod. 11.38.) He was consul a second time in B. C. 478 with C. Servilius Structus Ahala, and defeated the Veientines before the walls of their city with great slaughter. He subsequently concluded a treaty with them on terms which the senate regarded as too favourable, and was in consequence denied the honour of a triumph. (Liv. 2.49 ; Dionys. A. R. 9.16, 17; Diod. 11.52.) He was consul a third time in B. C. 473 with Vopiscus Julius Julus. For the events of this year see JULUS, No. 3, where the authorities are given. We learn from Dionysius (9.51) that he supported in B. C. 470 the agrarian law, on account of his hostility to the senate for having denied him a triumph.
C. 476) left him guardian of his infant sons, with charge to hold the sovereign power in trust for the until they should attain to manhood. The administration of Micythus appears to have been both wise and vigorous, so that he conciliated the affections of his subjects, and held the government both of Rhegium and Messana, undisturbed by any popular commotions. One of the principal events of his reign was the assistance furnished by him to the Tarentines in their war against the lapygians (B. C. 473), which was terminated by a disastrous defeat, in which 3000 of the Rhegians perished, and the fugitives were pursued by the barbarians up to the very gates of the city. But notwithstanding this blow, we find him shortly after (B. C. 471) powerful enough to found a new colony, the city of Pyxus, or Buxentum, as it was afterwards called. It was doubtless from jealousy of Micythus that Hieron, tyrant of Syracuse, who had been on friendly terms with Anaxilas, was induced to invite the sons o
s, king of Macedonia, Theron, tyrant of Agrigentum, Arcesilaus, king of Cyrene, as well as for many other free states and private persons. He was courted especially by Alexander, king of Macedonia, and Hieron, tyrant of Syracuse ; and the praises which he bestowed upon the former are said to have been the chief reason which led his descendant, Alexander, the son of Philip, to spare the house of the poet, when he destroyed the rest of Thebes (Dion Chrysost. Oral. de Regno, ii. p. 25). About B. C. 473, Pindar visited the court of Hieron, in consequence of the pressing invitation of the monarch; but it appears that he did not remain more than four years at Syracuse, as he loved an independent life, and did not care to cultivate the courtly arts which rendered his contemporary, Simonides, a more welcome guest at the table of their patron. But the estimation in which Pindar was held by his contemporaries is still more strikingly shown by the honours conferred upon him by the free states of
Publi'lius 1. VOLERO PUBLILIUS, the author of an important change in the Roman constitution. He had served with distinction as a first centurion, and, accordingly, when he was called upon to enlist as a common soldier at the levy in B. C. 473, he refused to obey. The consuls ordered the lictors to seize him and scourge him. He appealed to the tribunes, but as they took no notice of the outrage, he resisted the lictors, and was supported by the people. The consuls were driven out of the forum, and the senate was obliged to bow before the storm. Publilius had acquired so much popularity by his courageous conduct, that he was elected tribune of the plebs for the following year, B. C. 472. He did not, however, bring the consuls of the previous year to trial, as had been expected, but, sacrificing his private wrongs to the public welfare, he brought forward a measure to secure the plebeians greater freedom in the election of the tribunes. They had been previously elected in the comitia ce
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