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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
Bacchylides, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
Pindar, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Bacchylides, Epinicians (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien), Ode 13 For Pytheas of Aegina Pancratium at Nemea ?483 B. C. (search)
Ode 13 For Pytheas of Aegina Pancratium at Nemea ?483 B. C. Clio Lines 13-43 are lost. “ He shall stop them from arrogant violence, bringing about judgments of law for mortals: look how the descendant of Perseus brings his hand down heavily on the neck of the bloodthirsty lion with every type of skill! For the gleaming, man-subduing bronze refuses to pierce the lion's fearsome body; the sword was bent back. Someday, I prophesy, [in this place] there will be a strenuous toil for the Greeks, competing for garlands in the pancratium.” beside the altar of Zeus, the greatest ruler, the blossoms of glory-bringing Victory nurture for men golden, conspicuous fame throughout their lives—for a select few—and when the dark cloud of death covers them, the undying glory of their fine deed is left behind, secure in its destiny. You too have attained this at Nemea, son of Lampon; your hair crowned with garlands of flourishing bl
Pindar, Nemean (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien), Nemean 5 For Pytheas of Aegina Boys' Pancratium ?483 B. C. (search)
Nemean 5 For Pytheas of Aegina Boys' Pancratium ?483 B. C. I am not a sculptor, to make statues that stand motionless on the same pedestal. Sweet song, go on every merchant-ship and rowboat that leaves Aegina, and announce that Lampon's powerful son Pytheaswon the victory garland for the pancratium at the Nemean games, a boy whose cheeks do not yet show the tender season that is mother to the dark blossom. He has brought honor to the Aeacids, the heroic spearmen descended from Cronus and Zeus and the golden Nereids, and to his mother city, a land friendly to guests.Once by the altar of father Zeus Hellenius the illustrious sons of Endais and the strong, mighty Phocus stood and prayed, stretching their hands to the sky, that the city would one day be famous for men and ships. Phocus was the son of the goddess Psamatheia; he was born by the shore of the sea. Reverence restrains me from speaking of an enormous and unjust venture,how indeed they left the glorious island, and what divine
E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, book 1, chapter 14 (search)
ines a)/lloi—sc. e)ke/kthnto nautika/. 4. braxe/a—sc. nautika/, small fleets. This sense of braxu/s is fiequent in Thuc. 5. ta\ polla/—the greater part of these consisted of. o)ye/ te a)f' ou(=—sc h(=n, it was late when. For a)f ou(= we should expect o(/te. but instead of saying ‘already when they started to build, it was so late that they could not get a strong fleet before the invasion of Xeixes,’ he says ‘from the time that they started’ etc. The building of the ships took place in 483-82 B C., the archonship of Nicodemus, and the invasion in 480 B.C. Herod. 7.33 does not say that Them, looked forward to a Persian invasion when he advised the building of the ships. It is thought that Herod, wanted to belittle Them 9. e)nauma/xhsan—at Salamis dia\ pa/shs—throughent, an adverbial expression like a)po\ th=s i)/shs c. 15; a)po\(th=s)prw/ths, etc. (This is better than supplying new/s) 10. katastrw/mata—the Homeric ship was covered only fore and aft, the part
Mae'nius 2. C. Maenius, tribune of the plebs B. C. 483, attempted to prevent the consuls from levying troops till they carried into effect a division of the ager publicus among the plebs; but this opposition was rendered of no effect, by the consuls withdrawing from the city and holding the levy outside the walls, at a mile beyond the gates, where the protecting power of the tribunes ceased. All who refused to obey the summons of the consuls were punished (Dionys. A. R. 8.87). The manuscripts of Dionysius have C. Manius, for which Lupus substituted Manilius, and Gelenius Maenius; but the latter is no doubt the correct conjecture. (Niebuhr, Hst. of Rome, vol. ii. p. 185, n. 410.)
ve and the cook; and the coarse jokes of those characters were called skw/mmata maiswnika/. (Athen. 14.659a; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 1751, 56.) The following proverb is attributed to him by several ancient writers-- a)nt' eu)ergesi/hs *)Agame/mnona dh=san *)Axaioi/. (Zenob. Cent. 2.11; Liban. de Nec. Julian. p. 285b; Harpocr. s. v. *(Ermai=; Diogeman. apud Gaisford, Paroemiogr. p. v.) Polemon (apud Atlhen. xiv. p. 659c) maintained, in opposition to Timaeus, that Maeson was a native of Megara in Sicily, and not of the Nisaean Megara. If so, he niust have lived before B. C. 483, in which year the Megarians were expelled by Gelo. (Thue. 6.4, comp. Hdt. 7.156.) It may be conjectured, with some probability, that Maeson was a native of the Nisaean Megara, but migrated to Megara in Sicily, and was thus one of those who introduced into Sicily that style of comedy which Epicharmus afterwards brought to perfection. (Meineke, Hist. Crit. Com. Graec. pp. 22, 24; Grysar, de Com. Dor. p. 16.) [P.S]
O'ppia 1. A Vestal virgin, put to death in B. C. 483 for violation of her vow of chastity. (Liv. 2.42.)
O'ppia Gens plebeian. This gens belonged to the tribus Terentina, and was one of considerable antiquity, and some importance even in early times, since a member of it, Sp. Oppius Cornicen, was one of the second decemvirate, B. C. 450. W e even read of a Vestal virgin of the name of Oppia as early as B. C. 483 (Liv. 2.43). but it is difficult to believe that a plebeian could have filled this dignity at so early a period. None of the Oppii, however, ever obtained the consulship, although the name occurs at intervals in Roman history from the time of the second decemvirate to that of the early emperors. [Compare however OPPIUS, No. 19.] The principal cognomens in this gens are CPITO, CORNICEN or CORNICINUS, and SALINATOR ; but most of the Oppii had no surname. Those of the name of Capito and Salinator are given below. [OPPIUS.] On coins we find the surnames Capito and Salinator.
Phry'nichus (*Fru/nixos), literary. 1. The son of Polyphradmon (or, according to others, of Minyras), an Athenian, was one of the poets to whom the invention of tragedy is ascribed : he is said to have been the disciple of Thespis (Suid. s. v.) He is also spoken of as before Aeschylus (Schol. in Aristoph. Ran. 941). He is mentioned by the chronographers as flourishing at Ol. 74, B. C. 483 (Cyrill. Julian. i. p. 13b.; Euseb. Chron. s. a. 1534 ; Clinton, F. H. s. a.). He gained his first tragic victory in Ol. 67, B. C. 511 (Suid. s. v.), twenty-four years after Thespis (B. C. 535), twelve years after Choerilus (B. C. 523), and twelve years before Aeschylus (B. C. 499); and his last in Ol. 76, B. C. 476, on which occasion Themistocles was his choragus, and recorded the event by an inscription (Plut. Themist. 5). Phrynichus must, therefore, have flourished at least 35 years. He probably went, like other poets of the age, to the court of Hiero, and there died; for the statement of the a
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Poti'tus, Vale'rius 1. L. Valerius Potitus, consul B. C. 483 and 470, the founder of the family, was a relation of the celebrated P. Valerius Publicola; but it is a matter of dispute whether he was his brother or his nephew. Dionysius, it is true, calls him (8.77) his brother; * Dionysius also calls him L. Valerius Publicola, but this is opposed to the Fasti, and is in itself improbable. but it has been conjectured by Glareanus, Gelenius, and Sylburg, that we ought to read a)delfidou=s or a)detioned in B. C. 485, in which year he was one of the qwaestores parricidii, and, in conjunction with his colleague, K. Fabius, impeached Sp. Cassius Viscellinus before the people. [VISCELLINUS.] (Liv. 2.41; Dionys. A. R. 8.77.) He was consul in B. C. 483, with M. Fabius Vibulanus (Liv. 2.42; Dionys. A. R. 8.87), and again in 470 with Ti. Aemilius Mamercus. In the latter year he marched against the Aequi; and as the enemy would not meet him in the open field, he proceeded to attack their camp, b
generalship at Marathon made a deep impression on Themistocles; he became thoughtful, and avoided his usual company; and in reply to the remarks of his friends on the change in his habits, he said, that the trophy of Miltiades would not let him sleep. Others thought that the victory of Marathon had terminated the Persian war; but Themistocles foresaw that it was only the beginning of a greater struggle, and it was his policy to prepare Athens for it. His rival Aristides was ostracized in B. C. 483, to which event Themistocles contributed; and from this time he was the political leader in Athens. In B. C. 481 he was Archon Eponymus. The chronology of the early part of the life of Themistocles is uncertain. It was perhaps before his archonship, or it may have been in that year that he persuaded the Athenians to employ the produce of the silver mines of Laurium in building ships, instead of distributing it among the Athenian citizens. (Hdt. 7.144; Pint. Themist. 100.4.) The motive whic
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