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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
Bacchylides, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
Pindar, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 483 BC or search for 483 BC in all documents.

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Mae'nius 2. C. Maenius, tribune of the plebs B. C. 483, attempted to prevent the consuls from levying troops till they carried into effect a division of the ager publicus among the plebs; but this opposition was rendered of no effect, by the consuls withdrawing from the city and holding the levy outside the walls, at a mile beyond the gates, where the protecting power of the tribunes ceased. All who refused to obey the summons of the consuls were punished (Dionys. A. R. 8.87). The manuscripts of Dionysius have C. Manius, for which Lupus substituted Manilius, and Gelenius Maenius; but the latter is no doubt the correct conjecture. (Niebuhr, Hst. of Rome, vol. ii. p. 185, n. 410.)
ve and the cook; and the coarse jokes of those characters were called skw/mmata maiswnika/. (Athen. 14.659a; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 1751, 56.) The following proverb is attributed to him by several ancient writers-- a)nt' eu)ergesi/hs *)Agame/mnona dh=san *)Axaioi/. (Zenob. Cent. 2.11; Liban. de Nec. Julian. p. 285b; Harpocr. s. v. *(Ermai=; Diogeman. apud Gaisford, Paroemiogr. p. v.) Polemon (apud Atlhen. xiv. p. 659c) maintained, in opposition to Timaeus, that Maeson was a native of Megara in Sicily, and not of the Nisaean Megara. If so, he niust have lived before B. C. 483, in which year the Megarians were expelled by Gelo. (Thue. 6.4, comp. Hdt. 7.156.) It may be conjectured, with some probability, that Maeson was a native of the Nisaean Megara, but migrated to Megara in Sicily, and was thus one of those who introduced into Sicily that style of comedy which Epicharmus afterwards brought to perfection. (Meineke, Hist. Crit. Com. Graec. pp. 22, 24; Grysar, de Com. Dor. p. 16.) [P.S]
O'ppia 1. A Vestal virgin, put to death in B. C. 483 for violation of her vow of chastity. (Liv. 2.42.)
O'ppia Gens plebeian. This gens belonged to the tribus Terentina, and was one of considerable antiquity, and some importance even in early times, since a member of it, Sp. Oppius Cornicen, was one of the second decemvirate, B. C. 450. W e even read of a Vestal virgin of the name of Oppia as early as B. C. 483 (Liv. 2.43). but it is difficult to believe that a plebeian could have filled this dignity at so early a period. None of the Oppii, however, ever obtained the consulship, although the name occurs at intervals in Roman history from the time of the second decemvirate to that of the early emperors. [Compare however OPPIUS, No. 19.] The principal cognomens in this gens are CPITO, CORNICEN or CORNICINUS, and SALINATOR ; but most of the Oppii had no surname. Those of the name of Capito and Salinator are given below. [OPPIUS.] On coins we find the surnames Capito and Salinator.
Phry'nichus (*Fru/nixos), literary. 1. The son of Polyphradmon (or, according to others, of Minyras), an Athenian, was one of the poets to whom the invention of tragedy is ascribed : he is said to have been the disciple of Thespis (Suid. s. v.) He is also spoken of as before Aeschylus (Schol. in Aristoph. Ran. 941). He is mentioned by the chronographers as flourishing at Ol. 74, B. C. 483 (Cyrill. Julian. i. p. 13b.; Euseb. Chron. s. a. 1534 ; Clinton, F. H. s. a.). He gained his first tragic victory in Ol. 67, B. C. 511 (Suid. s. v.), twenty-four years after Thespis (B. C. 535), twelve years after Choerilus (B. C. 523), and twelve years before Aeschylus (B. C. 499); and his last in Ol. 76, B. C. 476, on which occasion Themistocles was his choragus, and recorded the event by an inscription (Plut. Themist. 5). Phrynichus must, therefore, have flourished at least 35 years. He probably went, like other poets of the age, to the court of Hiero, and there died; for the statement of the a
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Poti'tus, Vale'rius 1. L. Valerius Potitus, consul B. C. 483 and 470, the founder of the family, was a relation of the celebrated P. Valerius Publicola; but it is a matter of dispute whether he was his brother or his nephew. Dionysius, it is true, calls him (8.77) his brother; * Dionysius also calls him L. Valerius Publicola, but this is opposed to the Fasti, and is in itself improbable. but it has been conjectured by Glareanus, Gelenius, and Sylburg, that we ought to read a)delfidou=s or a)detioned in B. C. 485, in which year he was one of the qwaestores parricidii, and, in conjunction with his colleague, K. Fabius, impeached Sp. Cassius Viscellinus before the people. [VISCELLINUS.] (Liv. 2.41; Dionys. A. R. 8.77.) He was consul in B. C. 483, with M. Fabius Vibulanus (Liv. 2.42; Dionys. A. R. 8.87), and again in 470 with Ti. Aemilius Mamercus. In the latter year he marched against the Aequi; and as the enemy would not meet him in the open field, he proceeded to attack their camp, b
generalship at Marathon made a deep impression on Themistocles; he became thoughtful, and avoided his usual company; and in reply to the remarks of his friends on the change in his habits, he said, that the trophy of Miltiades would not let him sleep. Others thought that the victory of Marathon had terminated the Persian war; but Themistocles foresaw that it was only the beginning of a greater struggle, and it was his policy to prepare Athens for it. His rival Aristides was ostracized in B. C. 483, to which event Themistocles contributed; and from this time he was the political leader in Athens. In B. C. 481 he was Archon Eponymus. The chronology of the early part of the life of Themistocles is uncertain. It was perhaps before his archonship, or it may have been in that year that he persuaded the Athenians to employ the produce of the silver mines of Laurium in building ships, instead of distributing it among the Athenian citizens. (Hdt. 7.144; Pint. Themist. 100.4.) The motive whic
Vibula'nus 3. M. Fabius Vibulanus, K. F., the brother of the two preceding, was consul B. C. 483 with L. Valerius Potitus. He resisted the efforts of the tribunes to carry the Agrarian law of Sp. Cassius into effect; and as they in consequence impeded the levy of troops, the consuls removed their tribunals outside the city, where the power of the tribunes did not extend, and by heavy punishments compelled the citizens to enlist. The consuls then carried on war against the Volscians, but without any decisive result. (Liv. 2.42 , Dionys. A. R. 8.87, 88.) In B. C. 480 M. Fabius was consul a second time with Cn. Manlius Cincinnatus. The two consuls marched against the Veientes, but did not venture at first to attack the enemy, lest their own soldiers Should desert them as they had done K. Fabius in the preceding year. They accordingly kept their troops in their intrenchments, till the soldiers, roused at length by the taunts and scoffs of the enemy, demanded to be led forth to battle, an