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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 21 21 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 2 2 Browse Search
Pindar, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 15. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 485 BC or search for 485 BC in all documents.

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m the beginning of the Olympiads. (Plin. Nat. 36.5; comp. Thiersch, Epoch. Anm. p. 58.) Bupalus and his brother Athenis are said by Pliny (l.c.) and Suidas (s. v. *(Ippw=nac) to have made caricatures of the famous iambographical poet Hipponax, which the poet requited by the bitterest satires. (Welcker, Hipp. fragm. p. 12.) This story, which we have no grounds for doubting, gives at once a pretty certain date for the age of the two artists, for Hipponax was a contemporary of Dareius (B. C. 524-485); and it also accounts for their abilities, which for their time must have been uncommon. This is proved moreover by the fact, that Augustus adorned most of his temples at Rome with their works. It is to be noticed that marble was their material. In the earlier period of Greek art wood and bronze was the common material, until by the exertions of Dipoenus and Scyllis, and the two Chian brothers, Bupalus and Athenis, marble became more general. Welcker (Rhein. Museum, iv. p. 254) has pointed o
Charon (*Xa/rwn), literary. 1. A historian of Lampsacus, is mentioned by Tertullian (de Anim. 46) as prior to Herodotus, and is said by Suidas (s. v.) according to the common reading, to have flourished (geno/menos) in the time of Dareius Hystaspis, in the 79th Olympiad (B. C. 464); but, as Dareius died in B. C. 485, it has been proposed to read cq/ for oq/ in Suidas, thus placing the date of Charon in Ol. 69 or B. C. 504. He lived, however, as late as B. C. 464, for he is referred to by Plutarch (Plut. Them. 27) as mentioning the flight of Themistocles to Asia in B. C. 465. Works We find the following list of his works in Suidas : 1. *Ai)qiopika/ 2. *Persika/. 3. *(Ellhnika/. 4. *Peri\ *Lamya/kou. 5. *Libuka/. 6. *(/Oroi *Lamyakhnw=n, a work quoted by Athenaeus Athen. 11.475c., where Schweighaeuser proposes to substitute w(=roi comp. Diod. 1.26, thus making its subject to be the annals of Lampsacus. 7. *Pruta/neis h)\ *)/Arxontes oi( tw=n *Lakedaimoni/wn, a chronological work.
Cossus the name of a patrician family of the Cornelia gens. This family produced many illustrious men in the fifth century before the Christian aera, but afterwards sunk into obiivion. The name " Cossus" was afterwards revived as a praenomen in the family of the Lentuli, who belonged to the same gens. The Cossi and Maluginenses were probably one family originally, for at first both these surnames are united, as for instance, in the case of Ser. Cornelius Cossus Maluginensis, consul in B. C. 485. [ MALUGINENSIS.] Afterwards, however, the Cossi and Maluginenses became two separate families.
mpared with the army which marched to the invasion of Scythia. The battle of Marathon convinced him of his error, but still left him the idea that Greece must be easily crushed by a greater armament. He therefore called out the whole force of his empire; but, after three years of preparation, his attention was called off by the rebellion of Egypt, and the dispute between his sons for the succession [ARIABIGNES ; XERXES]; and the decision of this dispute was very soon followed by his death, B. C. 485, after a reign of 36 years, according to Herodotus Compp. Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. p. 313), or 31, according to Ctesias. There are two other events in the reign of Dareius which deserve notice : namely, the expedition against Libya, at the time of the Scythian expedition (Hdt. 4.145-205), and the voyage of Scylax of Caryanda down the Indus, which led to the discovery and subjugation of certain Indian tribes, whose position is uncertain (4.44). Diodorus (1.33, 58, 95) mentions some particu
Diony'sius 32. Of MILETUS, one of the earliest Greek historians, and according to Suidas (s. v. *(Ekatai=os), a contemporary of Hecataeus, that is, he lived about B. C. 520; he must, however, to judge from the titles of his works, have survived B. C. 485, the year in which Dareius died. Works history of Dareius Hystaspis Dionysius of Miletus wrote a history of Dareius Hystaspis in five books. Suidas further attributes to him a work entitled ta\ meta\ *Darei=on in five books, and also a work *Persika/, in the Ionic dialect. Whether they were actually three distinct works, or whether the two last were the same, and only a continuation of the first, cannot be ascertained on account of the inextricable confusion which prevails in the articles *Dionu/sios of Suidas. Confusion with Dionysius of Mytilene As a consequence of the confusion among the articles *Dionu/sios of Suidas our Dionysius has often been confounded with Dionysius of Mytilene. Works erroneously ascribed by Sui
to have been little more than a sort of low buffoonery. With respect to the time when Epicharmus began to compose comedies, much confusion has arisen from the statement of Aristotle (or an interpolator), that Epicharmus lived long before Chionides. (Poet. 3; CHIONIDES.) We have, however, the express and concurrent testimonies of the anonymous writer On Comedy (p. xxviii.), that he flourished about the 73rd Olympiad, and of Suidas (s. v.), that he wrote six years before the Persian war (B. C. 485-4). Thus it appears that, like Cratinus, he was an old man before he began to write comedy; and this agrees well with the fact that his poetry was of a very philosophic character. (Anon. de Com. l.c.) The only one of his plays, the date of which is certainly known, is the *Na=soi, B. C. 477. (Schol. Pind. Pyth. 1.98; Clinton, sub ann.) We have also express testimony of the fact that Elothales, the father of Epicharmus, formed an acquaintance with Pythagoras, and that Epicharmus himself was
E'vetes (*Eu)e/ths) and EUXE'NIDES (*Eu)ceni/dhs), were Athenian comic poets, contemporary with Epicharmus, about B. C. 485. Nothing is heard of comic poetry during an interval of eighty years from the time of Susarion, till it was revived by Epicharmus in Sicily, and by Evetes, Euxenides, and Myllus at Athens. The only writer who mentions these two poets is Suidas (s. v. *)Epi/xaphos). Myllus is not unfrequently mentioned. [MYLLUS.] (Meineke, Hist. Crit. Com. Graec. p. 26.) There is also a Pythagorean philosopher, Evetes, of whom nothing is known but his name. (Iamblich. Vit. Pyth. 36.) [P. S
Euri'pides 2. The distinguished tragic writer, of the Athenian demus of Phlya in the Cecropid tribe, or, as others state it, of Phyle in the tribe Oeneis, was the son of Mnesarchus and Cleito, and was born in B. C. 485, according to the date of the Arundel marble, for the adoption of which Hartung contends. (Eur. Restitutus, p. 5, &c.) This testimony, however, is outweighed by the other statements on the subject, from which it appears that his parents were among those who, on the invasion of Xerxes, had fled from Athens to Salamis (IIerod. 7.41), and that the poet was born in that island in B. C. 480. (See Clinton, sub anno.) Nor need we with Miller (Greek Literature, p. 358) set it down at once as a mere legend that his birth took place on the very day of the battle of Salamis (Sept. 23), though we may look with suspicion on the way in which it was contrived to bring the three great tragic poets of Athens into connexion with the most glorious day in her annals. (Hartung, p. 10.) Thu
, although the privilege had ceased to be confined to those two gentes. (Cic. Phil. 2.34, 13.15, pro Cael. 26 ; Propert. 4.26; Plut. Caes. 61.) It was from the Fabia gens that one of the Roman tribes derived its name, as the Claudia, in later times, was named after the Claudia gens. The Fabii do not act a prominent part in history till after the establishment of the commonwealth; and three brothers belonging to the gens are said to have been invested with seven successive consulships, from B. C. 485 to 479. The house derived its greatest lustre from the patriotic courage and tragic fate of the 306 Fabii in the battle on the Cremera, B. C. 477. [VIBULANUS, No. 3.] But the Fabii were not distinguished as warriors alone: several members of the gens act an important part also in the history of Roman literature and of the arts. The name occurs as late as the second century after the Christian aera. The family-names of this gens under the republic are:--AMBUSTUS, BUTEO, DORSO, LABEO, LICINU
e appears to have held undisturbed rule over Gela for some ears, until the internal dissensions of Syracuse afforded him an opportunity to interfere in the concerns of that city. The oligarchical party (called the Geomori, or Gamori) had been expelled from Syracuse by the populace, and taken refuge at Casmenae. Gelon espoused their cause, and proceeded to restore them by force of arms. On his approach the popular party opened the gates to him, and submitted without opposition to his power (B. C. 485). From this time he neglected Gela, and bent all his efforts to the aggrandisement of his new sovereignty; he even destroyed Camarina (which had been rebuilt by Hippocrates not long before), in order to remove the inhabitants to Syracuse, whither he also transferred above half of those of Gela. In like manner, having taken the cities of Euboea and the Hyblaean Megara, he settled all the wealthier citizens of them at Syracuse, while he sold the lower classes into slavery. (Hdt. 7.155, 156;
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