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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XVII., CHAPTER I. (search)
Ptolemy (Auletes) on being restored by Gabinius, put to
death both Archelaus and his daughter;The elder sister of Cleopatra. but not long afterSix months after.
he was reinstated in his kingdom, he died a natural death,
leaving two sons and two daughters, the eldest of whom was
The Alexandrines declared as sovereigns the eldest son
and Cleopatra. But the adherents of the son excited a se-
dition, and banished Cleopatra, who retired with her sister
into Syria.About B. C. 49.
It was about this time that Pompey the Great, in his flight
from Palæ-pharsalus,B. ix. c. v. § 6. came to Pelusium and Mount Casium.
He was treacherously slain by the king's party. When Cæsar
arrived, he put the young prince to death, and sending for
Cleopatra from her place of exile, appointed her queen of
Egypt, declaring also her surviving brother, who was very
young, and herself joint sovereigns.
After the death of Cæsar and the battle at Pharsalia, Antony passed over into Asia; he