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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 18 18 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 4 4 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 3 3 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 3 3 Browse Search
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Andocides, On the Mysteries, section 108 (search)
After their triumph, however, they refused to revive old quarrels. And that is how men who found their city a waste, her temples burnt to the ground, and her walls and houses in ruins, men who were utterly without resources,Another gross historical error. Andocides fails to distinguish between the first Persian invasion, which ended with the Athenian victory at Marathon (490 B.C.) and the second (480 B.C.), in the course of which Athens was sacked by the enemy. brought Greece under their sway and handed on to you the glorious and mighty Athens of today—by living in unity. Long afterwards you in your turn had to face a crisis just as greatAfter Aego
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 22 (search)
These reforms made the constitution much more democratic than that of Solon; for it had come about that the tyranny had obliterated the laws of Solon by disuse, and Cleisthenes aiming at the multitude had instituted other new ones, including the enactment of the law about ostracism. First of all, in the fifth yeari.e. in 504 B.C.; but if Marathon (490 B.C.) was eleven years later (Aristot. Ath. Pol. 3), perhaps the Greek should be altered here to give 'in the eighth year after.' after these enactments, in the archonship of Hermocreon, they instituted the oath of induction for the Council of Five Hundred that is still in use. Next they began to elect the Generals by tribes, one from each tribe, while the whole army was under the command of the War-lord. Eleven years afterwards came their victory in the battle of Marathon; and in the archonship of Phaenippus, two years after the victory, the people being now in high courage, they put in force for the first
Aristotle, Eudemian Ethics, Book 7, section 1235a (search)
\ KOLOIO/N Aristot. Nic. Eth. 1155a 35, where the dialect suggests that it is from a Doric poet (unknown).; “And thief knows thief and wolf his fellow wolf.”'Set a thief to catch a thief.' The origin of the verse is unknown.And the natural philosophers even arrange the whole of nature in a system by assuming as a first principle that like goes to like, owing to which EmpedoclesMystic philosopher, man of science and statesman of Agrigentum, fl. 490 B.C. said that the dog sits on the tiling because it is most like him.Presumably, like in color; true of Greek dogs today. Empedocles does not appear to have gone on to infer protective mimicry.Some people then give this account of a friend; but others say that opposite is dear to opposite, since it is what is loved and desired that is dear to everybody, and the dry does not desire the dry but the wet (whence the sayings—"Earth loveth rain,"Quoted as from<
Demosthenes, Against Neaera, section 94 (search)
The Plataeans, men of Athens, alone among the Greeks came to your aid at MarathonThis was in 490 B.C. when Datis, the general of King Dareius, on his return from EretriaA town in Euboea across the strait from Attica. after subjugating Euboea, landed on our coast with a large force and proceeded to ravage the country. And even to this day the picture in the Painted StoaSee note a on Dem. 45.17. exhibits the memorial of their valor; for each man is portrayed hastening to your aid with all speed—they are the band wearing Boeotian caps.
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 19 (search)
thing that the kings before his time, though possessing inferior resources, had reduced in war the greatest nations, whereas he, who had forces greater than any man before him had ever acquired, had accomplished no deed worthy of mention. When the Tyrrheniansc. 520 B.C. Not to be confused with the Tyrrhenians (Etruscans) of Italy. These Tyrrhenians came to Lemnos in all probability from Asia Minor c. 700 B.C. were leaving Lemnos, because of their fear of the Persians, they claimed that they were doing so because of certain oracles, and they gave the island over to Miltiades.The famous hero of Marathon, 490 B.C. The leader of the Tyrrhenians in this affair was Hermon, and as a result presents of this kind have from that time been called "gifts of Hermon."These are presumably presents made out of dire necessity. Modern historians say that Miltiades "conquered" Lemnos c. 510 or c. 493 B.C.; see Hdt. 6.140.Const. Exc. 4, pp. 297-298.
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 27 (search)
been deprived of the kingship by the Athenians, and removing to Asia had founded the kingdom of Media. Consequently, he went on to say, if they would return the kingdom to him, he would forgive them for this guilty actOf expelling his ancestor. and for the campaign they had made against Sardis; but if they opposed his demand, they would suffer a worse fate than had the Eretrians.Eretria was plundered and burned by the Persians a few days before the battle of Marathon, 490 B.C. Miltiades, voicing the decision reached by the ten generals, replied that according to the statement of the envoys it was more appropriate for the Athenians to hold the mastery over the empire of the Medes than for Datis to hold it over the state of the Athenians; for it was a man of Athens who had established the kingdom of the Medes, whereas no man of Median race had ever controlled Athens. Datis, on hearing this reply, made ready for battle.Const. Exc. 4,
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XI, Chapter 55 (search)
oting), the collection from the Agora now totals 503, and in 1937 a well on the North Slope yielded an additional 191 pieces. There are names of persons who were never ostracized and of many persons who are otherwise unknown. The accuracy of Aristotle's statement that the institution was first used in 487 B.C. is borne out against Walker's theory (Camb. Anc. Hist. 4, p. 152) that there may well have been instances of its use before the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. Each citizen wrote on a piece of pottery (ostracon) the name of the man who in his opinion had the greatest power to destroy the democracy; and the man who got the largest number of ostraca was obliged by the law to go into exile from his native land for a period of five years.The period was ten years (Diodorus has probably confused the Athenian institution with a similar one of Syracuse where the term of exile was five years (cp. chap. 87.1)), and a total
Isocrates, Panegyricus (ed. George Norlin), section 71 (search)
Noble indeed are these achievements—yea, and appropriate to those who dispute over the hegemony. But of the same breed as those which have been mentioned, and of such a kind as would naturally be expected of men descended from such ancestors, are the deeds of those who fought against Darius and Xerxes.At the decisive battles of Marathon, 490 B.C., and Salamis, 480 B.C. For when that greatest of all wars broke out and a multitude of dangers presented themselves at one and the same time, when our enemies regarded themselves as irresistible because of their numbers and our allies thought themselves endowed with a courage which could not be excelled, we outdid them both
Isocrates, On the team of horses (ed. George Norlin), section 27 (search)
And they established that democratic form of government which so effectively trained the citizens in bravery that single-handed they conquered in battleMarathon, 490 B.C. the barbarians who had attacked all Greece and they won so great renown for justice that the Greeks voluntarily put in their hands the dominion of the sea; and they made Athens so great in her power and her other resources that those who allege that she is the capital of GreeceCf. Isoc. 15.299. and habitually apply to her similar exaggerated expressions appear to be speaking the truth.
Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, section 72 (search)
It was because they held such beliefs as these that for ninety years they were leaders of the Greeks.Estimates of other orators range from 73 years (Dem. 9.23) to 65 years (Isoc. 12.56), but in view of the inaccuracy of Lycurgus on historical matters it does not seem necessary to accept Taylor's suggestion to read “seventy” instead of “ninety.” The maximum possible length for the period would be 85 years, from the battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. to that of Aegospotami in 405. They ravaged Phoenicia and Cilicia, triumphed by land and sea at the Eurymedon, captured a hundred barbarian triremes and sailed round the whole of A
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