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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 19 (search)
thing that the kings before his time, though possessing inferior resources,
had reduced in war the greatest nations, whereas he, who had forces greater than any man before
him had ever acquired, had accomplished no deed worthy of mention. When the Tyrrheniansc. 520 B.C. Not to be confused with the Tyrrhenians
(Etruscans) of Italy. These Tyrrhenians came to
Lemnos in all probability from Asia Minor c. 700 B.C. were
leaving Lemnos, because of their fear of the Persians,
they claimed that they were doing so because of certain oracles, and they gave the island over
to Miltiades.The famous hero of Marathon, 490 B.C. The leader of the Tyrrhenians in this affair was Hermon,
and as a result presents of this kind have from that time been called "gifts of Hermon."These are presumably presents made out of dire necessity.
Modern historians say that Miltiades "conquered" Lemnos c. 510 or c. 493 B.C.; see Hdt. 6.140.Const. Exc. 4, pp. 297-298.
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 27 (search)
been deprived of the kingship by the Athenians, and removing to Asia had founded the kingdom of Media. Consequently, he went on to say, if they would return the kingdom to him, he would forgive
them for this guilty actOf expelling his ancestor.
and for the campaign they had made against Sardis;
but if they opposed his demand, they would suffer a worse fate than had the Eretrians.Eretria was
plundered and burned by the Persians a few days before the battle of Marathon, 490 B.C.
Miltiades, voicing the decision reached by the ten generals,
replied that according to the statement of the envoys it was more appropriate for the Athenians
to hold the mastery over the empire of the Medes than for Datis to hold it over the state of
the Athenians; for it was a man of Athens who had
established the kingdom of the Medes, whereas no man of Median race had ever controlled Athens.
Datis, on hearing this reply, made ready for battle.Const. Exc. 4,
oting), the collection from
the Agora now totals 503, and in 1937 a well on the North Slope
yielded an additional 191 pieces. There are names of persons who were never ostracized and of
many persons who are otherwise unknown. The accuracy of Aristotle's statement that the
institution was first used in 487 B.C. is borne out against Walker's
theory (Camb. Anc. Hist. 4, p. 152) that there may well have been instances of
its use before the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.
Each citizen wrote on a piece of pottery
(ostracon) the name of the man who in his opinion had the greatest power to
destroy the democracy; and the man who got the largest number of ostraca was obliged by the law
to go into exile from his native land for a period of five years.The period was ten years (Diodorus has probably confused the Athenian
institution with a similar one of Syracuse where
the term of exile was five years (cp. chap. 87.1)), and a total