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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 40-42 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. and Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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also B. xxv. c. 5. Foreign Authors Quoted.—Theophrastus,See end of B. iii. Democritus,See end of B. ii. Orpheus,See end of B. xx. Pythagoras,See end of B. ii. Mago,See end of B. viii. MenanderSee end of B. xix. who wrote the Biochresta, Nicander,See end of B. viii. Homer, Hesiod,See end of B. vii. Musmæus,An alleged disciple of Orpheus, and probably as fabulous a personage. Many works, now lost, passed under his name. Sophocles,One of the most celebrated of the Greek tragic writers; born B.C. 495. Of his 127 tragedies, only seven have come down to us. Anaxilaüs.A Pythagorean philosopher, a native of one of the cities called Larissa. Being accused of magical practices, he was banished from the city of Rome by the Emperor Augustus. The explanation of these charges is, that he probably possessed a superior knowledge of natural philosophy. See B. xxv. c. 95. B. xxxiii. c. 49. B. xxxii. c. 52, and B. xxxv. c. 50. Medical Authors Quoted.—MnesitheusA physician, a native of Athens in the f<
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 42 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. and Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.), chapter 34 (search)
After the consul had said what he wished, Spurius Ligustinus, one of the men who had appealed to the tribunes of the people, asked of the consul and the tribunes that he be permitted to address a few words to the people. With everyone's permission he is said to have spoken as follows: "I, Spurius Ligustinus of the tribe of Crustumina,The district of this tribe lay just north of Rome; it was perhaps a new tribe in 495 B.C., cf. II. xxi. 7. come of Sabine stock, fellow-citizens. My father left me an acreThis was less than the standard minimum of two iugera for landed property; Ligustinus was therefore technically a proletarius, and no doubt needed his military career as a means of livelihood. of land and a little hut, in which I was born and brought up, and to this day I live there. When I first came of age, my father gave me as wife his brother's daughter,Marriage of first cousins was at times not recognized as legal at Rome; it is not clear whether this was a rus
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, MERCURIUS, AEDES (search)
MERCURIUS, AEDES (templum, Ovid): a temple dedicated in 495 B.C. by a centurion, M. Plaetorius, to whom the people had given this honour (Liv. ii. 21. 7, 27. 5-6; Val. Max. ix. 3. 6). It was on the slope of the Aventine, above and facing the circus Maximus (Ov. Fast. v. 669; Apul. Met. vi. 8; Not. Reg. XI; cf. Mirabilia 28; Jord. ii. 641), near its south-east end. ( It was dedicated on the Ides of May, which afterwards became a festival of the mercatores (Liv. ii. 21. 7; Ov. Fast. v. 670; Fest. 148; Mart. xii. 67. i ; Fasti Caer. Tusc. Ven. Philoc. ad Id. Mai, CIL i². p. 213, 216, 221, 264, 318; Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 96). Maia seems also to have shared this temple with her son (Macrob. Sat. i. 12. 19; Lydus, de mens. iv. 52-53; Mart. vii. 74. 5; Fast. Caer. loc. cit.). This temple may perhaps be represented on a coin of Marcus Aurelius (Cohen, Marc. Aur. 534; Baumeister, Denkmaler 1495 =Richter 180. ; Rosch. ii. 2803), with a podium of three steps, on which stand four herms in pl
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, TELLUS, AEDES (search)
ed during a battle with the Picentes in 268 B.C. (Flor. i. 14). Rosch. v. 338 remarks that the vow is a natural one enough in the circumstances. It was doubtless built at once, although its erection is ascribed to the city or senate in two sources (Val. Max. vi. 3. ; Dionys. viii. 79). It was on the Esquiline, in Carinis (Suet. de gramm. 15; Dionys. loc. cit.; Serv. Aen. viii. 361), on the site formerly occupied by the house of SP. CASSIUS (q.v.), which was said to have been pulled down in 495 B.C. (Cic. de domo II ; Liv. ii. 41. II; Val. Max. loc. cit.; cf. Plin. NH. xxxiv. 15, 30), near the house of Antonius (App. B.C. ii. 126) and that of Q. CICERO (q.v.). The latter restored the temple about 54 B.C. (Cic. ad Q. fr. iii. I. 4; de har. resp. 31), and apparently gained possession of some of the land hitherto belonging to the temple. The day of dedication was 13th December (Fast. Ant. ad Id. Dec., CIL is. p. 249, 336), when Ceres was associated with Tellus as on other occasions (WR 19
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments B.C. 509 Temple of Juppiter Capitolinus dedicated, 297. of Dea Carna vowed (and built some years later), 148. 501-493of Saturn, 463. 499of Castor vowed, 102. 496of Cares, Liber and Libera vowed, 109. Lacus Juturnae, 311. 495Temple of Mercur dedicated, 339. 493of Ceres, Liber and Libera dedicated, 109 484of Castor dedicated, 102 466Aedes of Semo Sancus dedicated, 469. 456Part of Aventine given to Plebs, 67. 445Lacus Curtius (?), 310. 439Conlumna Minucia, 133. 435Villa Publica built, 581. 433Temple of Apollo vowed, 5. 430of Apollo dedicated, 15. 395of Mater Matuta restored, 330. 392of Juno Regina on Aventine dedicated, 290. 390The Gallic fire: debris in Comitium, 135, 451; Regia burnt, 441; Templ of Vesta burnt, 557. Ara Aii Locutii dedicated by Senate, 3. 389(after). Via Latina, 564. 388Area Capitolina enlarged, 48. Temple of Mars on Via Appia, 328. 384Patri
ians set up his statue in the Acropolis (Paus. 1.25.1), and the Teians struck his portrait on their coins. (Visconti, Icon. Grecque, pl. 3.6.) The place of his death, however, is uncertain. The second epitaph of Simonides appears to say clearly that he was buried at Teos, whither he is supposed to have returned after the death of Hipparchus (B. C. 514); but there is also a tradition that, after his return to Teos, he fled a second time to Abdera, in consequence of the revolt of Histiaeus. (B. C. 495; Suidas, s. v. *)Anakre/wn and *Te/w.) This tradition has, however, very probably arisen from a confusion with the original emigration of the Teians to Abdera. The universal tradition of antiquity represents Anacreon as a most consummate voluptuary; and his poems prove the truth of the tradition. Though Athenaeus (x. p. 429) thought that their drunken tone was affected, arguing that the poet must have been tolerably sober while in the act of writing, it is plain that Anacreon sings of lo
, and being vehemently opposed by most of his countrymen, withdrew with a large train of followers to Rome. (B. C. 504.) He was forthwith received into the ranks of the patricians, and lands beyond the Anio were assigned to his followers, who were formed into a new tribe, called the Claudian. (Liv. 2.16, 4.3, 10.8; Dionys. A. R. 5.40, 11.15; Sueton. Tib. 1; Tac. Ann. 11.24, 12.25; Niebuhr, i. p. 560.) He exhibited the characteristics which marked his descendants, and, in his consulship (B. C. 495), shewed great severity towards the plebeian debtors. (Liv. 2.21, 23, 24, 27; Dionys. A. R. 6.23, 24, 27, 30.) Next year, on the refusal of the commons to enlist, we find him proposing the appointment of a dictator. (Liv. 2.29.) We find him manifesting the same bitter hatred of the plebs at the time of the secession to the Mons Sacer, in B. C. 494 (Dionys. A. R. 6.59, &c.), of the famine in 493 (Dionys. A. R. 7.15), and of the impeachment of Coriolanus. (Dionys. A. R. 7.47, &c.) He is made
De'cius 1. M. Decius, one of the deputies sent to the senate by the plebeians during their secession to the sacred mount in B. C. 495. (Dionys. A. R. 6.88.)
Laeto'rius 1. M. Laetorius, a centurion primi pili, mentioned as the first plebeian magistrate, B. C. 495, chosen even before the secession to the Sacred Hill and the election of the first tribunes of the people; for there cannot be any doubt that this Laetorius was a plebeian, although it is not exactly stated by Livy (2.27). He was chosen to establish a guild of merchants (collegium mercatorum), to dedicate a temple of Mercury, and to superintend the corn market. From these functions it is probable that he was aedile, and the conclusion is obvious that the establishment of the plebeian aedileship preceded that of the tribuneship. (Comp. V. Max. 9.3.6.)
Mercu'rius a Roman divinity of commerce and gain, probably one of the dii lucrii. The character of the god is clear from his name, which is connected with merx and mercari. (Paul. Diac. p. 124, ed. Müller; Schol. ad Pers. Sat. 5.112.) A temple was built to him as early as B. C. 495 (Liv. 2.21, 27; Ov. Fast. 5.669), near the Circus Maximus (P. Vict. Reg. Urb. xi.); and an altar of the god existed near the Porta Capena, by the side of a well; and in later times a temple seems to have been built on the same spot. (Ov. Fast. 5.673; P. Vict. Reg. Urb. i.) Under the name of the ill-willed (malevolus), he had a statue in what was called the vices sobrius, or the sober street, in which no shops were allowed to be kept, and milk was offered to him there instead of wine. (Fest. pp. 161, 297, ed. Miller.) This statue had a purse in its hand, to indicate his functions. (Schol. ad Pers. l.c.) His festival was celebrated on the 25th of May, and chiefly by merchants, who also visited the well near
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