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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CERES LIBER LIBERAQUE, AEDES (search)
CERES LIBER LIBERAQUE, AEDES a temple on the slope of the Aventine hill, near the west end of the circus Maximus. According to tradition there was a famine in Rome in 496 B.C., and the dictator L. Postumius, after consulting the Sibylline books, vowed a temple to Demeter, Dionysus, and Kore if they would bring abundance again to the city. The temple was built, and dedicated in 493 B.C. by the consul Sp. Cassius (Dionys. vi. 17, 94) to Ceres, Liber, and Libera, with whom the Greek deities were identified. Beloch (Rom. Gesch. 329) assigns it to the fourth century B.C. It was araeostyle, with columns of the Tuscan order, and the fastigium was decorated with statues of gilded bronze or terracotta of Etruscan workmanship (Vitr. iii. 3. 5). The walls of the cella were decorated with frescoes and reliefs by two Greek artists, Gorgasus and Damophilus,Cf. Urlichs, Malerei vor Caesar, 4-5 ; E. Douglas Van Buren, Terracotta Revetments, 31-32. and there was a Greek inscription
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, HONOS ET VIRTUS, AEDES (search)
h century (Not. Reg. I). It stood ad portam Capenam (Liv. xxv. 40. 3; xxix. II. 13; Mon. Anc. 2. 29), evidently outside the gate but very near to it (Not. Reg. I; Liv. xxvi. 32. 4: Hiero... cum ingrediens Romam in vestibule urbis prope in porta spolia patriae suae visurus), and probably on the north side of the via Appia; cf. supra, 19. The statement that Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus, censor in 304 B.C. when he established the transvectio equitum, caused the procession of equites to start at the temple of Honos et Virtus (de vir. ill. 32), is certainly incorrect in assuming the existence of this temple at that date; nor can its proximity to the temple of MARS EXTRA PORTAM CAPENAM (q.v.) be inferred from the statement of Dionysius (vi. 13. 4) that this review of the equites was established in 496 B.C. and began at the temple of Mars (Momms. Staatsr. iii. 493; RE vi. 1806; for the temple and literature, see HJ 202-203; WR 149-151; RE viii. 2292-2293; Rosch. i. 2707-2708; DE iii. 964).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, LACUS IUTURNAE (search)
LACUS IUTURNAE the spring of Juturna in the south corner of the forum, at the foot of the Palatine, where Castor and Pollux were seen to water their horses after the battle of Lake Regillus in 496 B.C. (Ov. Fasti i. 706; Dionys. vi. 13 ; LA 225, 226; Neue Jahrb. 1902, 370-388). Because of this appearance the temple of CASTOR AND POLLUX (q.v.) was built on the west side of the spring. The same divinities were also said to have appeared on the same spot after the victory of Pydna in 168 B.C. (Flor. i. 28. 15 ; Val. Max. i. 8. I). The spring, in the shape of a puteal, with Castor and Pollux, is represented on coins of the gens Postumia, of about 90 B.C. (Babelon ii. 379, Nos. 5-6; BM. Rep. ii. 310, 718-723). The water nymph Juturna belonged properly to the river Numicius, but was brought to Rome, and became the tutelary deity of those ' qui artificium aqua exercent' (Serv. Aen. xii. 139), and her name was derived from 'iuvare quia laborantes iuvare consuevit' (ib.; Varro, LL v. 71; N
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments B.C. 509 Temple of Juppiter Capitolinus dedicated, 297. of Dea Carna vowed (and built some years later), 148. 501-493of Saturn, 463. 499of Castor vowed, 102. 496of Cares, Liber and Libera vowed, 109. Lacus Juturnae, 311. 495Temple of Mercur dedicated, 339. 493of Ceres, Liber and Libera dedicated, 109 484of Castor dedicated, 102 466Aedes of Semo Sancus dedicated, 469. 456Part of Aventine given to Plebs, 67. 445Lacus Curtius (?), 310. 439Conlumna Minucia, 133. 435Villa Publica built, 581. 433Temple of Apollo vowed, 5. 430of Apollo dedicated, 15. 395of Mater Matuta restored, 330. 392of Juno Regina on Aventine dedicated, 290. 390The Gallic fire: debris in Comitium, 135, 451; Regia burnt, 441; Templ of Vesta burnt, 557. Ara Aii Locutii dedicated by Senate, 3. 389(after). Via Latina, 564. 388Area Capitolina enlarged, 48. Temple of Mars on Via Appia, 328. 384Patri
Ahenobarbus *)ahno/barbos, the name of a plebeian family of the DOMITIA GENS, so called from the red hair which many of this family had. To explain this name, which signifies "Red-Beard," and to assign a high antiquity to their family, it was said that the Dioscuri announced to one of their ancestors the victory of the Romans over the Latins at lake Regillus (B. C. 496), and, to confirm the truth of what they said, that they stroked his black hair and beard, which immediately became red. (Suet. Nero 1; Plut. Aemil. 25, Coriol. 3 ; Dionys. A. R. 6.13; Tertull. Apol. 22.)
Albi'nus 1. A. Postumius Albus Regillensis, P. F., was, according to Livy, dictator B. C. 498, when he conquered the Latins in the great battle near lake Regillus. Roman story related that Castor and Pollux were seen fighting in this battle on the side of the Romans, whence the dictator afterwards dedicated a temple to Castor and Pollux in the forum. He was consul B. C. 496, in which year some of the annals, according to Livy, placed the battle of the lake Regillus; and it is to this year that Dionysius assigns it. (Liv. 2.19, 20, 21 ; Dionys. A. R. 6.2, &c.; V. Max. 1.8.1; Cic. de Nat. Deor. 2.2, 3.5.) The surname Regillensis is usually supposed to have been derived from this battle; but Niebuhr thinks that it was taken from a place of residence, just as the Claudii bore the same name, and that the later annalists only spoke of Postumius as commander in consequence of the name. Livy (30.45) states expressly, that Scipio Africanus was the first Roman who obtained a surname from his c
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Caeliomonta'nus (search)
Caeliomonta'nus 1. T. Virginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus, consul B. C. 496 with A. Postumius Albus Regillensis, in which year, according to some annalists, the battle at the lake Regillus was fought. According to the same accounts, Postumius resigned the consulship because he suspected his colleague, and was afterwards made dictator. The battle, however, is usually placed two years earlier. [ALBINUS, No. 1.] (Liv. 2.21; Dionys. A. R. 6.2.)
Cameri'nus 1. SER. SULPICIUS CAMERINUS CORNUTUS, P. F., consul B. C. 500 with M'. Tullius Longus in the tenth year of the republic. Livy says, that nothing memorable took place in that year, but Dionysius speaks of a formidable conspiracy to restore the Tarquins which was detected and crushed by Camerinus. After the death of his colleague, Camerinus held the consulship alone. Dionysius puts a speech into the mouth of Camerinus respecting a renewal of the league with the Latins in B. C. 496. (Liv. 2.19; Dionys. A. R. 5.52, 55, 57, 6.20 ; Cic. Brut. 16; Zonar. 7.13.)
Damo'philus or DEMO'PHILUS, a painter and modeller (plastes) who, with Gorgasus, embellished the temple of Ceres by the Circus Maximus at Rome with works of art in both departments, to which was affixed an inscription in Greek verses, intimating that the works on the right were by Damophilus, those on the left by Gorgasus. (Plin. Nat. 35.12. s. 45.) This temple was that of Ceres, Liber, and Libera, which was vowed by the dictator A. Postumius, in his battle with the Latins, B. C. 496, and was dedicated by Sp. Cassius Viscellinus in B. C. 493. (Dionys. A. R. 6.17, 94; Tac. Ann. 2.49.) See DEMOPHILUS. [P.S]
ways in full attire. Around her head she wore a garland of corn-ears or a simple ribband, and in her hand she held a sceptre, cornears or a poppy, sometimes also a torch and the mystic basket. (Paus. 3.19.4, 8.31.1, 42.4; Plin. Nat. 34.8. s. 19.) She appears most frequently on gems and vases. The Romans received the worship of Demeter, to whom they applied the name of Ceres, from Sicily. (V. Max. 1.1.1.) The first temple of Ceres at Rome was vowed by the dictator A. Postumius Albinus, in B. C. 496, for the purpose of averting a famine with which Rome was threatened during a war with the Latins. (Dionys. A. R. 6.17, comp. 1.33; Tac. Ann. 2.49.) In introducing this foreign divinity, the Romans acted in their usual manner; they instituted a festival with games in honour of her (Dict. of A t. s. v. Cerealia), and gave the management of the sacred rites and ceremonies to a Greek priestess, who was usually taken from Naples or Velia, and received the Roman franchise, in order that the sac
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