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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CERES LIBER LIBERAQUE, AEDES (search)
CERES LIBER LIBERAQUE, AEDES a temple on the slope of the Aventine hill, near the west end of the circus Maximus. According to tradition there was a famine in Rome in 496 B.C., and the dictator L. Postumius, after consulting the Sibylline books, vowed a temple to Demeter, Dionysus, and Kore if they would bring abundance again to the city. The temple was built, and dedicated in 493 B.C. by the consul Sp. Cassius (Dionys. vi. 17, 94) to Ceres, Liber, and Libera, with whom the Greek deities were identified. Beloch (Rom. Gesch. 329) assigns it to the fourth century B.C. It was araeostyle, with columns of the Tuscan order, and the fastigium was decorated with statues of gilded bronze or terracotta of Etruscan workmanship (Vitr. iii. 3. 5). The walls of the cella were decorated with frescoes and reliefs by two Greek artists, Gorgasus and Damophilus,Cf. Urlichs, Malerei vor Caesar, 4-5 ; E. Douglas Van Buren, Terracotta Revetments, 31-32. and there was a Greek inscription
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, HONOS ET VIRTUS, AEDES (search)
h century (Not. Reg. I). It stood ad portam Capenam (Liv. xxv. 40. 3; xxix. II. 13; Mon. Anc. 2. 29), evidently outside the gate but very near to it (Not. Reg. I; Liv. xxvi. 32. 4: Hiero... cum ingrediens Romam in vestibule urbis prope in porta spolia patriae suae visurus), and probably on the north side of the via Appia; cf. supra, 19. The statement that Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus, censor in 304 B.C. when he established the transvectio equitum, caused the procession of equites to start at the temple of Honos et Virtus (de vir. ill. 32), is certainly incorrect in assuming the existence of this temple at that date; nor can its proximity to the temple of MARS EXTRA PORTAM CAPENAM (q.v.) be inferred from the statement of Dionysius (vi. 13. 4) that this review of the equites was established in 496 B.C. and began at the temple of Mars (Momms. Staatsr. iii. 493; RE vi. 1806; for the temple and literature, see HJ 202-203; WR 149-151; RE viii. 2292-2293; Rosch. i. 2707-2708; DE iii. 964).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, LACUS IUTURNAE (search)
LACUS IUTURNAE the spring of Juturna in the south corner of the forum, at the foot of the Palatine, where Castor and Pollux were seen to water their horses after the battle of Lake Regillus in 496 B.C. (Ov. Fasti i. 706; Dionys. vi. 13 ; LA 225, 226; Neue Jahrb. 1902, 370-388). Because of this appearance the temple of CASTOR AND POLLUX (q.v.) was built on the west side of the spring. The same divinities were also said to have appeared on the same spot after the victory of Pydna in 168 B.C. (Flor. i. 28. 15 ; Val. Max. i. 8. I). The spring, in the shape of a puteal, with Castor and Pollux, is represented on coins of the gens Postumia, of about 90 B.C. (Babelon ii. 379, Nos. 5-6; BM. Rep. ii. 310, 718-723). The water nymph Juturna belonged properly to the river Numicius, but was brought to Rome, and became the tutelary deity of those ' qui artificium aqua exercent' (Serv. Aen. xii. 139), and her name was derived from 'iuvare quia laborantes iuvare consuevit' (ib.; Varro, LL v. 71; N
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments B.C. 509 Temple of Juppiter Capitolinus dedicated, 297. of Dea Carna vowed (and built some years later), 148. 501-493of Saturn, 463. 499of Castor vowed, 102. 496of Cares, Liber and Libera vowed, 109. Lacus Juturnae, 311. 495Temple of Mercur dedicated, 339. 493of Ceres, Liber and Libera dedicated, 109 484of Castor dedicated, 102 466Aedes of Semo Sancus dedicated, 469. 456Part of Aventine given to Plebs, 67. 445Lacus Curtius (?), 310. 439Conlumna Minucia, 133. 435Villa Publica built, 581. 433Temple of Apollo vowed, 5. 430of Apollo dedicated, 15. 395of Mater Matuta restored, 330. 392of Juno Regina on Aventine dedicated, 290. 390The Gallic fire: debris in Comitium, 135, 451; Regia burnt, 441; Templ of Vesta burnt, 557. Ara Aii Locutii dedicated by Senate, 3. 389(after). Via Latina, 564. 388Area Capitolina enlarged, 48. Temple of Mars on Via Appia, 328. 384Patri