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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 5 5 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 21-22 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 497 BC or search for 497 BC in all documents.

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unable to realise his promises, was driven by fear to cause the insurrection of the Ionians against Persia. When in B. C. 499 Aristagoras and his Athenian allies marched against Sardis, Artaphernes, not expecting such an attack, withdrew to the citadel, and the town of Sardis fell into the hands of the Greeks and was burnt. But the Greeks returned, fearing lest they should be overwhelmed by a Persian army, which might come to the relief of Artaphernes. In the second year of the Ionian war, B. C. 497, Artaphernes and Otanes began to attack vigorously the towns of Ionia and Aeolis. Cumae and Clazomenae fell into the hands of the Persians. Artaphernes was sharp enough to see through the treacherous designs of Histiaeus, and expressed his suspicions to him at Sardis. The fear of being discovered led Histiaeus to take to flight. Some letters, which he afterwards addressed to some Persians at Sardis, who were concerned in his designs, were intercepted, and Artaphernes had all the guilty Per
Atrati'nus 1. A. Sempronius Atratinus, consul B. C. 497. (Liv. 2.21; Dionys. A. R. 6.1.) He had the charge of the city when the battle of the lake Regillus was fought (Dionys. A. R. 6.2), which is variously placed in 498 and 496. [See p. 90b.] He was consul again in 491, when he exerted himself with his colleague in obtaining a supply of corn for the people. (Liv. 2.34; Dionys. A. R. 7.20.) In the war with the Hernicans and Volscians in 487, Atratinus was again entrusted with the care of the city. (Dionys. A. R. 8.64.) He was interrex in 482. (Dionys. A. R. 8.90.)
Auguri'nus 1. M. Minucius Augurinus, consul B. C. 497, in which year the temple of Saturn was dedicated and the Saturnalia instituted. (Liv. 2.21; Dionys. A. R. 6.1.) He was consul again in 492, when there was a great famine at Rome. He took an active part in the defence of Coriolanus, who was brought to trial in this year, but was unable to obtain his acquittal. (Liv. 2.34; Dionys. A. R. 7.20, 27-32, 38, 60, 61.) In the victorious approach of Coriolanus to Rome at the head of the Volscian army, Augurinus was one of the embassy sent to intercede with him on behalf of the city. (Dionys. A. R. 8.22, 23.)
ly have appropriated them to his own use. (Hdt. 7.163, 164.) Herodotus calls Cadmus a Coan, and states further, that he received the tyranny of Cos from his father, but gave the state its liberty of his own accord, merely from a sense of justice; and that after this he went over to Sicily and dwelt along with the Samians at Zancle, afterwards called Messene. Müller (Dor. 1.8.4, note q.) thinks that this Cadmus was the son of the Scythes, tyrant of Zancle, who was driven out by the Samians (B. C. 497), and who fled to the court of Persia, where he died. (Hdt. 6.23.) In reply to the objection, that Herodotus speaks of Cadmus having inherited the tyranny from his father, but of Scythes having died in Persia, Müller remarks that the government of Cos was probably given to his father by the Persians, but that he notwithstanding continued to reside in Persia, as we know was the case with Histiaeus. If this conjecture is correct, Cadmus probably resigned the tyranny of Cos through desire of
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Sempro'nia Gens patrician and plebeian. This gens was of great antiquity, and one of its members, A. Sempronius Atratinus, obtained the consulship as early as B. C. 497, twelve years after the foundation of the republic. The Sempronii were divided into many families, of which the ATRATINI were undoubtedly patrician, but all the others appear to have been plebeian : their names are ASELLIO, BLAESUS, DENSUS, GRACCHUS, LONGUS, MUSCA, PITIO, RUFUS, RUTILUS, SOPHUS, TUDITANUS. Of these, Atratinus, Gracchus, and Pitio alone occur on coins. The glory of the Sempronia gens is confined to the republican period. Very few persons of this name, and none of them of any importance, are mentioned under the empire.