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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Lycurgus, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Pindar, Odes (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 498 BC or search for 498 BC in all documents.

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Albi'nus 1. A. Postumius Albus Regillensis, P. F., was, according to Livy, dictator B. C. 498, when he conquered the Latins in the great battle near lake Regillus. Roman story related that Castor and Pollux were seen fighting in this battle on the side of the Romans, whence the dictator afterwards dedicated a temple to Castor and Pollux in the forum. He was consul B. C. 496, in which year some of the annals, according to Livy, placed the battle of the lake Regillus; and it is to this year that Dionysius assigns it. (Liv. 2.19, 20, 21 ; Dionys. A. R. 6.2, &c.; V. Max. 1.8.1; Cic. de Nat. Deor. 2.2, 3.5.) The surname Regillensis is usually supposed to have been derived from this battle; but Niebuhr thinks that it was taken from a place of residence, just as the Claudii bore the same name, and that the later annalists only spoke of Postumius as commander in consequence of the name. Livy (30.45) states expressly, that Scipio Africanus was the first Roman who obtained a surname from his c
Amorges 2. A Persian commander, killed in Caria, in the revolt of the province, B. C. 498. (Hdt. 5.121.)
Aristocy'prus (*)Aristo/kupros), son of Philocyprus, whom Solon visited, the king of Soli in Cyprus, fell in the battle against the Persians, B. C. 498. (Hdt. 5.113.
Cleander (*Kle/andros). 1. Tyrant of Gela, which had been previously subject to an oligarchy. He reigned for seven years, and was murdered B. C. 498, by a man of Gela named Sabyllus. He was succeeded by his brother Hippocrates, one of whose sons was also called Cleander. The latter, together with his brother Eucleides, was deposed by Gelon when he seized the government for himself in B. C. 491. (Hdt. 7.154, 155; Aristot. Pol. 5.12, ed. Bekk.; Paus. 6.9
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flavus, La'rtius 2. T. Lartius Flavus, brother of No. 1, consul B. C. 501, and again B. C. 498. In this second consulship he took the town of Fidenae. (Dionys. A. R. 5.50, 59, 60; Liv. 2.21.) His deference to the senate is contrasted by Dionysius with the military arrogance of the Roman generals of his own age. In B. C. 498, ten years after the expulsion of the Tarquins, the curiae found it necessary to create a new magistracy, the dictatorship, limited indeed to six months, but within that peB. C. 498, ten years after the expulsion of the Tarquins, the curiae found it necessary to create a new magistracy, the dictatorship, limited indeed to six months, but within that period more absolute than the ancient monarchy, since there was no appeal from its authority. (Dict. of Ant. s. v. Dictator.) T. Lartius Flavus was the first dictator (Dionys. A. R. 5.71; Liv. 2.18) : lie received the imperium from his colleague, appointed his master of the equites, held a census of the citizens, adjusted the differences of Rome with the Latins, and after presiding at the next consular comitia, laid down his office long before its term had expired. (Dionys. A. R. 5.76, 77.) Accor
Heracleides (*(Hraklei/dhs), Heraclides. 1. A citizen of Mylasa in Caria, who commanded the Carian Greeks in their successful resistance to the arms of Persia after the revolt of Aristagoras, B. C. 498. The Persian troops fell into an ambuscade which had been prepared for them, and were cut to pieces, together with their generals, Daurises, Amorges, and Sisimaces. (Hdt. 5.121
Hippo'crates 1. Tyrant of Gela, was the son of Pantares, and succeeded his brother Cleander, who had ruled over Gela as tyrant during seven years, B. C. 498. Hence he found his power already firmly established at Gela, and soon extended it by numerous wars against the other cities of Sicily, in which he was almost uniformly successful. Callipolis, Naxos, and Leontini, besides several smaller places, successively fell under his yoke. Being called in by the people of Zancle to assist them against the Samians, who had made themselves masters of their city by treachery, he suddenly turned against his allies, threw their king Scythes into chains, and reduced the mass of the people into slavery, while he gave up three hundred of the principal citizens to the mercy of the Samians, whom he allowed to retain possession of Zancle, in consideration of receiving half the booty they had found there. He also made war upon the Syracusans, whom he defeated in a great battle at the river Helorus, and
Myrsus (*Mu/rsos), a Lydian, son of Gyges, was the bearer to Polycrates of the letter containing the treacherous promises by which he was induced to place himself in the power of Oroetes, satrap of Sardis. Myrsus was one of those who were slain in an ambuscade by the Carians in the Ionian war, B. C. 498. (Hdt. 3.122, 5.121.) [E.
ally drove him from the city, and set up the standard of revolt with the Ionians, in B. C. 499. Gorgus fled to the Persians; Onesilus became king of Salamis, and persuaded all the other cities in Cyprus, with the exception of Amathus, to renounce their allegiance to the Persians. Thereupon Onesilus laid siege to Amathus; and as Dareitis sent a large force to its relief under the command of Artybios, Onesilis begged aid of the Ioniams. They readily complied with his request; and in the following year, B. C. 498, two battles were fought between the contending parties, one by sea, in which the lonians defeated the Phoenician fleet, and the other by land, in which the Cyprians were beaten by the Persians. Onesilus fell in the battle; his head was cut off by the inhabitants of Anmathus, and hung over their city-gates. At a later period, however, an oracle commanded them to take down his head and bury it, and also to offer sacrifices to him as a hero. (Hdt. 5.104, 108-110.) [GORGUS, No. 2.]
most probably he lived between B. C. 420 and 380. In conjunction with Demetrius, he finally completed the great temple of Artemis, at Ephesus, which Chersiphron had begun [CHERSIPHRON]; and, with Daphnis the Milesian, he began to build at Miletus a temple of Apollo, of the Ionic order. (Vitruv. vii. Praef. § 16.) The latter was the famous Didymaeum, or temple of Apollo Didymus, the ruins of which are still to be seen near Miletus. The former temple, in which the Branchidae had an oracle of Apollo (from which the place itself obtained the name of Branchidae), was burnt at the capture of Miletus by the army of Dareius, B. C. 498. (Hdt. 6.19; see Bähr's Note.) The new temple, which was on a scale only inferior to that of Artemis, was never finished. It was dipteral, decastyle, hypaethral: among its extensive ruins two columns are still standing. (Strab. xiv. p.634; Paus. 7.5.4; Chandler, p. 151; Ionian Antiq. vol. i. c . 3. p. 27; Hirt, Gesch. d. Baukunst, vol. ii. p. 62, and pl. ix. x
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