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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments B.C. 509 Temple of Juppiter Capitolinus dedicated, 297. of Dea Carna vowed (and built some years later), 148. 501-493of Saturn, 463. 499of Castor vowed, 102. 496of Cares, Liber and Libera vowed, 109. Lacus Juturnae, 311. 495Temple of Mercur dedicated, 339. 493of Ceres, Liber and Libera dedicated, 109 484of Castor dedicated, 102 466Aedes of Semo Sancus dedicated, 469. 456Part of Aventine given to Plebs, 67. 445Lacus Curtius (?), 310. 439Conlumna Minucia, 133. 435Villa Publica built, 581. 433Temple of Apollo vowed, 5. 430of Apollo dedicated, 15. 395of Mater Matuta restored, 330. 392of Juno Regina on Aventine dedicated, 290. 390The Gallic fire: debris in Comitium, 135, 451; Regia burnt, 441; Templ of Vesta burnt, 557. Ara Aii Locutii dedicated by Senate, 3. 389(after). Via Latina, 564. 388Area Capitolina enlarged, 48. Temple of Mars on Via Appia, 328. 384Patri
tion of their recognizing the supremacy of king Dareius. When Hippias, the son of Peisistratus, had taken refuge in Asia, he endeavoured to induce Artaphernes to support his cause, and the Athenians, on being informed of his machinations, again sent an embassy to Artaphernes, requesting him not to interfere between them and Hippias. The reply of Artaphernes, that they should suffer no harm if they would recall their tyrant, shewed the Athenians that they had to hope nothing from Persia. In B. C. 501, Artaphernes was induced by the brilliant hopes which Aristagoras of Miletus held out to him, to place, with the king's consent, 200 ships and a Persian force at the command of Aristagoras, for the purpose of restoring the Naxian exiles to their country. But the undertaking failed, and Aristagoras, unable to realise his promises, was driven by fear to cause the insurrection of the Ionians against Persia. When in B. C. 499 Aristagoras and his Athenian allies marched against Sardis, Artapher
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Auruncus, Post. Comi'nius consul B. C. 501, in which year a dictator was first appointed on account of the conspiracy of the Latin states against Rome. (Liv. 2.18; Dionys. A. R. 5.50; Zonar. 7.13.) According to some accounts, he is said to have dedicated the temple of Saturn, in 497, in accordance with a decree of the senate. (Dionys. A. R. 6.1.) Auruncus was consul again, in 493, and entered upon his office during the secession of the plebs, who had occupied the Aventine. He carried on war successfully against the Volscians, and took several of their towns. It was during this campaign that C. Marcius first distinguished himself at Corioli, whence he obtained the surname of Coriolanus. (Liv. 2.33; Dionys. A. R. 6.49, 91, 94; Cic. de Rep. 2.33, pro Balb. 23; Plut. Cor. 8.) It was probably on account of Coriolanus having served under him that Auruncus is represented as one of the ambassadors sent to Coriolanus when the latter was marching against Rome. (Dionys. A. R. 8.22.)
Coes (*Kw/hs), of Mytilene, attended Dareius Hystaspis in his Scythian expedition (see Clinton, F. H. ii. p. 313) as commander of the Mytilenaeans, and dissuaded the king from breaking up his bridge of boats over the Danube, and so cutting off his own retreat. For this good counsel he was rewarded by Dareius on his return with the tyranny of Mytilene. In B. C. 501, when the lonians had been instigated to revolt by Aristagoras, Coes, with several of the other tyrants, was seized by latragoras at Myus, where the Persian fleet that had been engaged at Naxos was lying. They were delivered up to the people of their several cities, and most of them were allowed to go uninjured into exile; but Coes, on the contrary, was stoned to death by the Mytilenaeans. (Hdt. 4.97, 5.11, 37, 38.) [E.
Comi'nia Gens plebeian. If Postumus or Postumius Cominius Auruncus, consul in B. C. 501, belonged to this gens, it must have been patrician originally; but it is probable that he was a member of the Postumia gens, as Valerius Maximus (de Nom. Rat.) mentions him as an instance in which the praenomens and cognomens are confounded in the consular Fasti. Cominius also occurs as a cognomen of the Pontii. (See below.) None of the members of the Cominia gens obtained any of the higher offices of the state. [COMINIUS.]
Hellespont, which he crossed at Sestos, and staid for some time at Sardis, whence he sent Otanes to reduce those maritime cities on the north coast of the Aegean, Hellespont, and Bosporus, which still remained independent. The most important conquest of Otanes, were Byzantium, Chalcedon, and the islands of Imbrus and Lemnos. [OTANES.] Dareius himself then returned to Susa, leaving Artaphernes governor of Sardis. These operations were succeeded by a period of profound peace (about B. C. 505-501). The events which interrupted it, though insignificant in themselves, brought on the struggle in which the Athenians first, and then the other Greeks, repulsed the whole power of Persia. These events belong to the history of Greece, and to the biographies of other men. [ARISTAGORAS; HISTIAEUS ; HIFPIAS; MARDONIUS; MILTIADES ; ARTAPHERNES, &c.; Thirlwall's Hist. of Greece, 2.100.14.) It is a debated question whether Dareius was accidentally involved in his war with Greece by the course of eve
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flavus, La'rtius 2. T. Lartius Flavus, brother of No. 1, consul B. C. 501, and again B. C. 498. In this second consulship he took the town of Fidenae. (Dionys. A. R. 5.50, 59, 60; Liv. 2.21.) His deference to the senate is contrasted by Dionysius with the military arrogance of the Roman generals of his own age. In B. C. 498, ten years after the expulsion of the Tarquins, the curiae found it necessary to create a new magistracy, the dictatorship, limited indeed to six months, but within that period more absolute than the ancient monarchy, since there was no appeal from its authority. (Dict. of Ant. s. v. Dictator.) T. Lartius Flavus was the first dictator (Dionys. A. R. 5.71; Liv. 2.18) : lie received the imperium from his colleague, appointed his master of the equites, held a census of the citizens, adjusted the differences of Rome with the Latins, and after presiding at the next consular comitia, laid down his office long before its term had expired. (Dionys. A. R. 5.76, 77.) Accord
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Si'culus, Cloe'lius 1. Q. Cloelius Siculus, consul B. C. 498, with T. Larcius. According to Dionysius, Cloelius appointed his colleague Larcius dictator, and fought under him in the battle against the Latins; but Livy and other authorities make Larcius dictator three years earlier, namely in B. C. 501. (Liv. 2.21; Dionys. A. R. 5.59, 71, 72, 75, 76.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
nsequence obtained a triumph on his return to Rome, which is confirmed by the Capitoline Fasti. Livy, on the other hand, says (2.17) nothing about a war with the Sabines, but relates that the two consuls carried on war against the Aurunci, and took Pometia. But as the war against the Aurunci aud the capture of Pometia is repeated by Livy (2.22, 25, 26) under B. C. 495, these events ought probably to be placed in the latter year, in accordance with Dionysius (6.29). In the following year, B. C. 501, Cassius was appointed first magister equitum to the first dictator, T. Larcius Flavus; but in some authorities a different year is given for the first dictatorship. After the battle of the lake Regillus in B. C. 498 or 496, Cassius is said to have urged in the senate the destruction of the Latin towns. (Liv. 2.18; Dionys. A. R. 5.75, 6.20.) In B. C. 493 he was consul a second time with Postumus Cominius Auruncus; and they entered upon their consulship during the secession of the plebeians