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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 5 5 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 505 BC or search for 505 BC in all documents.

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Artaphernes (*)Artafe/rnhs). 1. A son of Hystaspes and brother of Dareius Hystaspis, who was appointed satrap of Sardis. In the year B. C. 505, when the Athenians sought the protection of Persia against Sparta, they sent an embassy to Artaphernes. The satrap answered, that the desired alliance with Persia could be granted only on condition of their recognizing the supremacy of king Dareius. When Hippias, the son of Peisistratus, had taken refuge in Asia, he endeavoured to induce Artaphernes to support his cause, and the Athenians, on being informed of his machinations, again sent an embassy to Artaphernes, requesting him not to interfere between them and Hippias. The reply of Artaphernes, that they should suffer no harm if they would recall their tyrant, shewed the Athenians that they had to hope nothing from Persia. In B. C. 501, Artaphernes was induced by the brilliant hopes which Aristagoras of Miletus held out to him, to place, with the king's consent, 200 ships and a Persian f
by the Hellespont, which he crossed at Sestos, and staid for some time at Sardis, whence he sent Otanes to reduce those maritime cities on the north coast of the Aegean, Hellespont, and Bosporus, which still remained independent. The most important conquest of Otanes, were Byzantium, Chalcedon, and the islands of Imbrus and Lemnos. [OTANES.] Dareius himself then returned to Susa, leaving Artaphernes governor of Sardis. These operations were succeeded by a period of profound peace (about B. C. 505-501). The events which interrupted it, though insignificant in themselves, brought on the struggle in which the Athenians first, and then the other Greeks, repulsed the whole power of Persia. These events belong to the history of Greece, and to the biographies of other men. [ARISTAGORAS; HISTIAEUS ; HIFPIAS; MARDONIUS; MILTIADES ; ARTAPHERNES, &c.; Thirlwall's Hist. of Greece, 2.100.14.) It is a debated question whether Dareius was accidentally involved in his war with Greece by the course
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ls him L. Valerius Publicola, but this is opposed to the Fasti, and is in itself improbable. but it has been conjectured by Glareanus, Gelenius, and Sylburg, that we ought to read a)delfidou=s or a)delfo/pais instead of a)delfo/s ; and this conjecture is confirmed by the fact that Dionysius elsewhere (8.87) speaks of him as the son of Marcus, whereas we know that the father of Publicola was Volusus. If Potitus was the son of Marcus, he was probably the son of the M. Valerius who was consul B. C. 505, four years after the kings were expelled, and who is described in the Fasti as M. Valerius Vol. f. Volusus. Moreover, seeing that Potitus was consul a second time B. C. 470, that is, thirty-nine years after the expulsion of the kings, it is much more likely that he should have been a nephew than a brother of the man who took such a prominent part in the events of that time. We may, therefore, conclude with tolerable certainty that he was the nephew of Publicola. Potitus is first mention
Tubertus 1. P. Postumius Tubertus, Q. F., consul B. C. 505 with M. Valerius Volusus in the fifth year of the republic. Both consuls fought against the Sabines, over whom they gained a decisive victory in the neighbourhood of Tibur, and obtained in consequence the honour of a triumph. (Liv. 2.16 ; Zonar. 5.37-39; Plut. Publ. 20; Zonar. 7.13.) Tubertus was consul again in B. C. 503 with Agrippa Menenius Lanatus. According to Livy he defeated the Aurunci, and on his return triumphed over them; but other authorities relate that he again fought against the Sabines, and at first with bad success, but that he afterwards gained a victory over them, and on his return celebrated the lesser triumph or ovation, which was on this occasion first introduced at Rome. (Dionys. A. R. 5.44-47; Zonar. 7.13; Plin. Nat. 15.29 ; Fasti Cap.) In B. C. 493 he was one of the ten ambassadors sent by the senate to the people on the Sacred Mountain. (Dionys. A. R. 6.69.) This Tubertus was buried in the city on ac
Volusus or VOLESUS, the reputed ancestor of the Valeria gens, who is said to have settled at Rome with Titus Tatius [VALERIA GENS]. The name afterwards became a cognomen in the Valeria gens. Thus we read of M. VALERIUS VOLUSUS, the brother of Publicola, who was consul B. C. 505, the fifth year of the republic, with P. Postumius Tubertus. He fought, together with his colleague, against the Sabines, and obtained a triumph on account of his victory over them. He fell at the battle of the Lake Regillus, B. C. 498 or 496 (Liv. 2.16, 20; Dionys. A. R. 5.37 ; Plut. Publ. 20). We also read of another brother of Publicola, v. who bore the same cognomen, namely, M'. VALERIUS VOLUSUS MAXIMUS, who was dictator in B. C. 494, and to whom the family of the Valerii Maximi traced their origin. [MAXIMUS, p. 1001a.] It may be, however, that a mistake has been made in the Annals, and that Manius, the dictator, was the same person as Marcus, the consul : his praenomen would have been changed, because i