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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 506 BC or search for 506 BC in all documents.

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Aquili'nus 1. T. Herminius Aquilinus, one of the heroes in the lay of the Tarquins, was with M. Horatius the commander of the troops of Tarquinius Superbus when he was expelled from the camp. He was one of the defenders of the Sublician bridge against the whole force of Porsenna, and took an active part in the subsequent battle against the Etruscans. He was consul in B. C. 506, and fell in the battle of the lake Regillus in 498, in single combat with Mamilius. (Liv. 2.10, 11, 20; Dionys. A. R. 4.75, 5.22, 23, 26, 36, 6.12; Plut. Puplic. 16.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flavus, La'rtius 1. Sp. Lartius Flavus, consul B. C. 506. Dionysius (5.36) says that nothing was recorded of this consulship, and Livy omits it altogether. Niebuhr (Hist. of Rome, vol. i. p. 53(6) considers the consulship of Lartius Flavus and his colleague T. Herminius Aquilinus to have been inserted to fill up the gap of a year. Lartius Flavus belongs to the heroic period of Roman history. His name is generally coupled with that of Herminius (Dionys. A. R. 5.22, 23, 24, 36; Liv. 2.10, 11), and in the original lays they were the two warriors who stood beside Horatius Cocles in his defence of the bridge. [COCLES.] Mr. Macaulay (Lays of Anc. Rome, " Horatius," st. 30) preserves this feature of the story, and adopts Niebuhr's reason for it (Hist. Rome, i. p. 542), that one represented the tribe of the Ramnes, and the other that of the Titienses. It is worth notice, however, that at the battle of the Lake Regillus, where all the heroes meet together for the last time, the name of Hermin
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Hermi'nia Gens a very ancient patrician house at Rome, which appears in the first Etruscan war with the republic, B. C. 506, and vanishes from history in B. C. 448. The name Herminius occurs only twice in the Fasti, and has only one cognomen, AQUILINUS. [AQUILINUS.] Whether this gens were of Oscan, Sabellian, or Etruscan origin, is doubtful. An Herminius defends the sublician bridge against an Etruscan army, and probably represents in that combat one of the three tribes of Rome. Horatius Cocle the other hand, the nomen of one of the Herminii is Lar, Larius, or Larcius (Liv. 3.65; Dionys. A. R. 11.51; Diod. 12.27), and the Etruscan origin of Lar is unquestionable. (Müller, Ib. p. 408.) It is remarkable, that the first Herminius, cos. B. C. 506, in his consulate, on the bridge, and at the " Battle of Regillus," is coupled with Sp. Larcius. (Liv. 2.10, 21; Dionys. A. R. 5.22.) The Roman antiquaries regarded the Herminii as an Etruscan family (Val. Max. de Praenom. 15); and Silius Itali
hol.), like whom, and other great poets of the time, he lived at Athens, under the patronage of Hipparchus. Herodotus mentions his detection of Onomacritus in a forgery of oracles under the name of Musaeus, in consequence of which Hipparchus expelled Onomacritus from Athens (7.6). There also appears to have been a strong rivalry between Lasus and Simonides. (Aristoph. l.c. ; Schol. ad loc. ; Dindorf, Annot. ad Schol.) The time when he instructed Pindar in lyric poetry must have been about B. C. 506 (Thom. Mag. Vit. Pind.); and it must be to this date that Suidas refers, when he places Lasus in the time of Dareius, the son of Hystaspes. (Suid. s. v. where, accordingly, nh/ should be corrected into ch/.) Nothing further is known of his life, and the notices of his poetry are very defective. Tzetzes mentions him after Arion, as the second great dithyrambic poet. (Proleg. in Lycoph. p. 252, ed. Müller; comp. Schol. ad Pind. Ol. 13.25.) According to a scholiast on Aristophanes (Aristoph.
Megaby'zus 1. One of the seven Persian nobles who formed the conspiracy against the Magian Smerdis, B. C. 521. In the discussion put into the mouths of the conspirators by Herodotus, after the death of the Magian, Megabazus recommends an oligarchical form of government. (Hdt. 3.70, 81.) Dareius, who held him in the highest esteem, left him behind with an army in Europe, when he himself recrossed the Hellespont, on his return from Seytina, B. C. 506. (Id. 4.143, 144.) Megabazus subdued Perinthus and the other cities on the Hellespont and along the coast of Thrace, which had not yet submitted to the Persian rule, and removed the Paeonians, who dwelt about the Strymon, into Phrygia. (Id. 5.1-16, comp. 98.) He also sent to Amyntas, the king of Macedonia, and demanded earth and water, in token of his submission to Dareius. [For what followed see ALEXANDER I. Vol. I. p. 118.] On his return to Sardis he advised Dareius to recall Histiaeus from Myreinus. [HISTIAEUS.] Herodotus mentions a cel
Ota'nes 2. A Persian, son of Sisamnines. His father, one of the royal judges, was put to death by Cambyses for an unjust sentence, and his skin was stripped off and stretched on the judicial seat which he had occupied. To this same seat, thus covered, Otanes was advanced as his successor, and was compelled to exercise his functions with a constant memento beneath him of his father's fate. About B. C. 506, being appointed to succeed Megabyzus in the command of the forces on the sea-coast, he took Byzantium, Chalcedon, Antandrus, and Lamponium, as well as the islands of Lemnos and Imbros. (Hdt. 5.25-27 ; Larch. and Schweigh. ad loc.) He was probably the same Otanes who is mentioned as a sonin-law of Dareius Hystaspis, and as one of the generals employed against the revolted lonians in B. C. 499. He joined in defeating the rebels near Ephesus, and, in conjunction with Artaphernes, satrap of Sardis, he took Clazomenae, belonging to the lonians, and the Aeolian town of Cume. He is not ag