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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 10 10 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 1 1 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 51-61 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 3-4 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 5-7 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 509 BC or search for 509 BC in all documents.

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Ante'nor (*)Anth/nwr), the son of Euphranor, an Athenian sculptor, made the first bronze statues of Harmodius and Aristogeiton, which the Athenians set up in the Cerameicus. (B. C. 509.) These statues were carried off to Susa by Xerxes, and their place was supplied by others made either by Callias or by Praxiteles. After the conquest of Persia, Alexander the Great sent the statues back to Athens, where they were again set up in the Cerameicus. (Paus. 1.8.5; Arr. Anab. 3.16, 7.19; Plin. Nat. 34.9; ib. 19.10; Böckh, Corp. Inscrip. ii. p. 340.) The return of the statues is ascribed by Pausanias (l.c.) to one of the Antiochi, by Valerius Maximus (2.10, ext. § 1) to Seleucus; but the account of Arrian, that they were returned by Alexander, is to be preferred. (See also Meursii Pisistrat. 14.) [
Brutus 1. L. Junius Brutus, was elected consul in B. C. 509, according to the chronology of the Fasti, upon the expulsion of the Tarquins from Rome. His story, the greater part of which belongs to poetry, ran as follows: The sister of king Tarquin the Proud, married M. Brutes, a man of great wealth, who died leaving two sons under age. Of these the elder was killed by Tarquin, who coveted their possessions; the younger escaped his brother's fate only by feigning idiocy, whence he received the surname of Brutus. After a while, Tarquin became alarmed by the prodigy of a serpent crawling from the altar in the royal palace, and accordingly sent his two sons, Titus and Aruns, to consult the oracle at Delphi. They took with them their cousin Brutus, who propitiated the priestess with the gift of a golden stick enclosed in a hollow staff. After executing the king's commission, the youths asked the priestess who was to reign at Rome after Tarquin, and the reply was, " He who first kisses his
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Collati'nus, L. Tarqui'nius the son of Egerius, who was the son of Aruns, the brother of Tarquinius Priscus. When the town of Collatia was taken by Tarquinius Priscus, Egerius was left in command of the place (Liv. 1.38), and there his son also resided, whence he received the surname of Collatinus. He was married to Lucretia, and it was the rape of the latter by his cousin, Sex. Tarquinius, that led to the dethronement of Tarquinius Superbus, and the establishment of the republic, B. C. 509. Collatinus and L. Junius Brutus were the first consuls; but as the people could not endure the rule of any of the hated race of the Tarquins, Collatinus was persuaded by his colleague and the other nobles to resign his office and retire from Rome. He withdrew with all his property to Lavinium, and P. Valerius Poplicola was elected in his place. (Liv. 1.57-60, 2.2 ; Dionys. A. R. 4.64, &c.; Dio Cass. Frag. 24, ed. Reimar; Cic. de Rep. 2.25, de Off. 3.10.)
nes (B. C. 355) did not propose to deprive them. (Aesch. c. Timarch. §§132, 140; Athen. 15.695; Aristoph. Ach. 942, 1058, Lysistr. 632, Vesp. 1225, Eq. 783; Aristot. Rh. 2.23.8; Suid. s. vv. *)Agora/sw *)En mu/rtou kla/dw(, *Pa/roinor, *Forh/sw; Dem. c. Let. pp. 462, 466.) Their tombs are mentioned by Pausanias (1.29) as situated on thie road from the city to the Academy. Their statues, made of bronze by Antenor, were set up in the Agora in the inner Cerameicus, near the temple of Ares, in B. C. 509, the year after the expulsion of Hippias and this, according to Aristotle and Pliny, was the first instance of such an honour publicly conferred at Athens, Conon being the next, as Demosthenes tells us, who had a bronze statue raised to him. When Xerxes took the city, he carried these statues away, and new ones, the work of CRITIAS, were erected in B. C. 477. The original statues were afterwards sent back to the Athenians from Susa, according to Pausanias by Antiochus, according to Valeriu
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Lucre'tia Gens originally patrician, but subsequently plebeian also. It was one of the most ancient gentes, and the name occurs as early as the reign of Numa Pompilius [LUCRETIA, No. 1]. The surname of the patrician Lucretii was TRICIPTINUS, one of whom, Sp. Lucretius Triciptinus, was elected consul, with L. Junius Brutus, on the establishment of the republic, B. C. 509. The plebeian families are known by the surnames of GALLUS * Accidentally omitted under Gallus, and therefore given below. [LUCRETIUS, No. 4.], OFELLA, and VESPILLO. CARUS also occurs as the cognomen of the poet Lucretius. [See below.] On coins we have likewise the cognomen Trio, which is not found in any ancient writer. A few Lucretii are mentioned without any surname.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
[VALERIA GENS.] When Lucretia summoned her father from the camp, after Sextus Tarquinius had wrought the deed of shame, P. Valerius accompanied Lucretius to his daughter, and was by her side when she disclosed the villany of Sextus and stabbed herself to the heart. Valerius, in common with all the others who were present, swore to avenge her death, which they forthwith accomplished by expelling the Tarquins from the city. Junius Brutus and Tarquinius Collatinus were first elected consuls, B. C. 509; but as the very name of Tarquinius made Collatinus an object of suspicion to the people, he was obliged to resign his office and leave the city, and Valerius was chosen in his stead. Shortly afterwards the people of Veii and Tarquinii espoused the cause of the Tarquins, and marched with them against Rome, at the head of a large army. The two consuls advanced to meet them with the Roman forces. A bloody battle was fought, in which Brutus fell; and both parties claimed the victory, till a v
Pulvillus 1. M. Horatius Pulvillus, M. F., according to Dionysius, played a distinguished part in the expulsion of the Tarquins, and according to all authorities was one of the consuls elected in the first year of the republic, B. C. 509. Most ancient writers state that Horatius was appointed consul in the place of Sp. Lucretius Tricipitinus, who succeeded L. Junius Brutus, but who died a few days after his appointment. (Liv. 2.8; Dionys. A. R. 5.19; Plut. Publ. 12.) Some of the annalists, however, stated that Horatius was the immediate successor of Brutus (Liv. 2.8), while Polybius (3.22) mentions Brutus and Horatius together as the first consuls. There is a difference between Dionysius and Livy respecting another point. Dionysius (5.21) makes Horatius consul a second time with P. Valerius Publicola, in the third year of the republic, B. C. 507, but Livy (2.15) speaks of P. Lucretius as the colleague of Publicola in that year, and makes no mention of a second consulship of Horatius
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
s tells it with tedious prolixity, as usual; but he omits all mention of the king's threat to burn Mucius, and of Mucius burning his right hand. (See Niebuhr's Remarks on the story of C. Mucius Scaevola, Lectures, " Earliest Times to the First Punic War," 1848; and Niebuhr, Roman Hist. vol. i., " The War with Porsenna." The Mucius of this story is called a patrician ; and the Mucii of the historical period were plebeians. This is urged as an objection to assuming the descent of the historical Mucii from the Mucius of B. C. 509. But independent of this minor difliculty, we do not concern ourselves about the descent of the illustrious Mucii of the later Republic from the half-fabulous man with the left hand who assisted at its birth. According to Varro (de Ling. Lat. 6.5) the surname of the Mucii (scaevola) signified an amulet. The word scaevola is a diminutive. (See Facciol. Lex. s. v. Scaeva.) The following appear to be the only Mucii of whom any thing worth knowing is recorde
s and the establishment of the republic. [Vol. III. p. 978b.] Triciptinus was a member of the senate under Tarquinius, and was appointed Praefectus Urbi by the king, when the latter left the city to prosecute the war against Ardea. After the dethronement of the king, and before the appointment of the consuls, Triciptinus, in virtue of his office of Praefectus Urbi, had the government of the city. He presided at the comitia, in which the first consuls were elected, and for this purpose was probably elected interrex by the patricians, as indeed is expressly stated by Dionysius (5.11), and might be inferred from analogy. The two first consuls were L. Junius Brutus and L. Tarquinius Collatinus, B. C. 509; and after the death of Brutus in battle, in the course of the same year, Triciptinus was elected to supply his place; but worn out by age, he died a few days after entering upon the office. (Liv. 1.58, 59, 2.8; Dionys. A. R. 4.76, 82, 84, 5.11, 19; Tac. Ann. vi 11; Cic. de Rep. 2.31.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Vale'ria Publicola (search)
thers, such as the Cornelia gens, produced a greater number of illustrious men. The Valerii are universally admitted to have been of Sabine origin, and their ancestor Volesus or Volusus is said to have settled at Rome with Titus Tatius. (Dionys. A. R. 2.46; Plut. Num. 5, Publ. 1.) One of the descendants of this Volesus, P. Valerius, afterwards surnamed Publicola, plays a distinguished part in the story of the expulsion of the kings, and was elected consul in the first year of the republic, B. C. 509. From this time forward down to the latest period of the empire, for nearly a thousand years, the name occurs more or less frequently in the Fasti, and it was borne by the emperors Maximinus, Maximianus, Maxentius, Diocletian, Constantius, Constantine the Great and others. The Valeria gens enjoyed extraordinary honours and privileges at Rome. Their house at the bottom of the Velia was the only one in Rome of which the doors were allowed to open back into the street. (Dionys. A. R. 5.39; P