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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 83 83 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 13 13 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares (ed. L. C. Purser) 13 13 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to Atticus (ed. L. C. Purser) 4 4 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 3 3 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War 2 2 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 1 1 Browse Search
Sulpicia, Carmina Omnia (ed. Anne Mahoney) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero. You can also browse the collection for 51 BC or search for 51 BC in all documents.

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Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Cicero's Public Life and Contemporary Politics. (search)
wait five years before assuming the government of a province, forced the senate to assign provinces to ex-officials who had not yet held governorships abroad. Cicero was one of the number, and to him the province of Cilicia was assigned in Mar., 51 B.C., much against his will. Fam. 3.2.1. He left Rome in the early part of May, Att. 5.1. and, traveling by the way of Brundisium, Athens, and Ephesus, reached Laodicea, the first city of his province, July 31. Att. 5.16.2. 23. He found affaiirected his forces against the independent people near Mt. Amanus, Fam. 15.4.8 (Epist. XXXIV.). where, after a complete victory, he had the satisfaction of hearing himself saluted 'imperator' by his troops. Att. 5.20.3. 25. Toward the end of Dec., 51 B.C., Cicero was in Tarsus and sent thence official letters to the consuls asking for a supplicatio, Fam. 15.10 and 13. accompanied by a letter of similar purport to Cato, the senatorial leader. Fam. 15.4 (Epist. XXXIV.). The senate voted the supp
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XXIX: ad familiares 3.2 (search)
Letter XXIX: ad familiares 3.2 After leaving Rome, about Mar., 51 B.C. Cicero's request, embodied in this letter, that Appius Claudius Pulcher, his predecessor in the proconsulship of Cilicia, should turn over the province to him in as satisfactory a condition as possible, was far from being fulfilled; and Cicero found himself under the necessity of changing many of the corrupt and tyrannous practices of the late governor, — a course which brought upon him the enmity of Appius. Upon his return to Rome, Appius was charged with misgovernment by Dolabella, Cicero's son-in-law, but escaped punishment with the help of Pompey. For the limits of Cicero's province, cf. Intr. 23. The possession of the title proconsul (procos.), carrying along with it the imperium, indicates that Cicero wrote this letter at some point outside of Rome. Appius received the title of imperator (imp.) from his troops, because of a successful campaign against the mountaineers of his province. contra voluntatem
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XXX: ad Atticum 5.1 (search)
Letter XXX: ad Atticum 5.1 Minturnae, about May 7, 51 B.C. Cicero apparently left Rome May 1, spent a day at his Tusculan villa with Philotimus, his business agent, and Atticus (3), and went thence to Minturnae by the way of Arpinum and Aquinum (3). He reached his destination, Laodicea in Phrygia, July 31 (Att. 5.15.1). With 3-5 of this letter, cf. Ep. VI.1. ego vero: these words imply that Cicero has in mind a remark in the letter of Atticus. Cf. Fam. 16.10.1. ut ne: ut ne is frequent in Latin comedy in clauses both of result and of purpose, and the explanation would seem to be that originally ne had purely a negative force in the combination, e.g. faciemus ut, quod viderit, ne viderit, Plaut. M. G. 149; merito ut ne dicant, id est (mi in manu), Plaut. Trin. 105. Colloquial language, being conservative of old usages, retained this archaism and others after they had disappeared from general use in formal language. The separation of ut and ne is remarkable, but finds parallels, es
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XXXI: ad familiares 8.1 (search)
Letter XXXI: ad familiares 8.1 Rome, about May 24, 51 B.C. M. Caelius Rufus was born about 85 B.C. , and came to Rome when fifteen or sixteen years of age to study law and politics. He sympathized with Catiline, but took no active part in the conspiracy. In 52 B.C. as tribune he vigorously supported the aristocratic cause, but in later life he went over to Caesar. In 51 B.C. , when his letters to Cicero begin, Caelius was a candidate for the curule aedileship. In January, 49, he opposed the senate, and fled with Curio to Caesar's camp. Disappointed with the 'spoils' which fell to his share, he joined Milo in an uprising in southern Italy, and was put toteral sense they are used of the flogging of slaves. Their use in other connections, therefore, carries with it, as here, a comic force. apud Beluacos: Caesar in 51 B.C. engaged in a war with these people; cf. Caes. B. G. 6.8.6 ff. His position was in point of fact at this time a perilous one; cf. Caes. B. G. 6.8.11 f. quos tu no
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XXXII: ad familiares 13.1 (search)
Letter XXXII: ad familiares 13.1 Athens, between June 25 and July 6, 51 B.C. Gaius Memmius was praetor in 58 B.C. , and in 57 B.C. went out as governor of Bithynia, where the poets Catullus and Helvius Cinna were members of his staff (cf. Cat. 10 and 28, and for a sketch of Memmius as an orator, Cic. Brut. 247.) He belonged at that time to the party of the Optimates, but later he became a democrat, and in 54 B.C. was supported by Caesar for the consulship, but having made a disgraceful political bargain with the consuls of that year (Att. 4.15.7), was banished. At this time he was living in Athens, and having become the owner of the garden and of the ruins of the house which had belonged to Epicurus, he proposed to pull the house down in order to put up a dwelling of his own. The Epicureans, greatly distressed, applied to Cicero through Atticus to intercede with Memmius in their behalf. Cicero, although not on the best of terms with Memmius, acceded to their request. Nothing is
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XXXIII: ad familiares 2.8 (search)
Letter XXXIII: ad familiares 2.8 Athens, July 6, 51 B.C. This is Cicero's reply to the chronicle of events at Rome, which the agent of Caelius had prepared with such care (Ep. XXXI. I). gladiatorum compositiones: as we might say 'circus posters.' Public announcement was made upon the walls of the number of combatants, the date of the contests, etc. Such an announcement found upon the walls of Pompeii runs as follows: [C]N ALLEI:NIGIDI:MAI:QVINQ[VENNALIS]:GLLADIATORVM]:PAR[IAI]:XXX:ET:E0R[VM]:SVPP[OSITICII]:PVGN[ABVNT]:POMPEIIS:VIII:VII:VI:K.:DEC VEN[ATI0]:ERIT (C.L.L. IV.1179). Chresti compilationem, the pilfering of Chrestus, i.e. the 'hotch potch' which Chrestus, the agent of Caelius, has taken indiscriminately from the journals of the senate, the records of the courts, and the placards of the games. Perhaps, however, Chrestus was a thief whose exploits formed one of the items in the diary. Cicero really desires to know, cum formam rei publicae viderit, quale aedificium futur
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XXXIV: ad familiares 15.4 (search)
Letter XXXIV: ad familiares 15.4 Cilicia, close of 51 B.C. or early part of 50 B.C. Cicero, having Completed a successful Campaign against the independent mountaineers of his province, wrote this letter to secure Cato's support to his request for a supplicatio. Understanding the blunt and frank nature of his correspondent, he affects a similar style, and presents the facts without comment, but with much skill in bringing his best achievements into the foreground, and in making it appear thto secure the contrast with te. ad caelum extulisti: it was Cato who bestowed upon Cicero the title pater patriae in 63 B.C. cuidam clarissimo: P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, one of Cicero's predecessors in Cilicia. He had secured a triumph in 51 B.C. ; cf. Att. 5.21.4. decerneres: a shorter expression for decernendam censeres. ob eas res: his efforts to secure Cicero's recall from banishment in 57 B.C. non ut multis, etc.: cf. in Cat. 4.20. inimicum meum: with special reference to Clodius
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XLV: ad Atticum 8.3 (search)
cf. Att. 10.4.3 qui se nihil contra huius (i.e. Caesaris) voluntatem aiebat facere posse. ille propagator : through the lex Pompeia Licinia (cf. Intr. 26), passed in Pompey's consulship, and perhaps proposed by him. Upon substantives in -tor, cf. Intr. 75. See also auctor, adiunctor, adiutor, and defensor in this passage. ut haberetur: i.e. that Caesar might be accepted as a candidate without coming to Rome. Cf. Ep. XLII. introd. note, and Intr. 26. Marco Marcello: one of the consuls in 51 B.C. finienti : by a bill looking to the displacement of Caesar Mar. 1, 50 B.C. ; cf. Fam. 8.8.9. provincias: cf. Galliae adiunctor, above. condiciones: apparently the last proposals for peace were those submitted to the Pompeians at Teanum Sidicinum, Jan.25, to the effect that Caesar should disband his army, hand over the provinces to his successors, and sue for the consulship in the regular way, while Pompey was to depart for Spain, and Italy to disarm; cf. Fam. 16.12.3; Caes. B. C. 1.8-11. h
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter LXV: ad familiares 6.6 (search)
. Caes. B.C. 3.101), but submitted to Caesar soon after the battle of Pharsalus. Brutum: Caesar entrusted M. Brutus with the province of Cisalpine Gaul in 47 B.C. Sulpicium: cf. Ep. LXXV. introd. note. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Servius Sulpicius Rufus, like Cicero, maintained a neutral attitude, and after the battle of Pharsalus withdrew even from the scene of the struggle. At this time he was governor of Achaia, on Caesar's appointment. Marcellum: M. Claudius Marcellus, consul in 51 B.C. , had been a bold and consistent champion of the senatorial party, had served under Pompey in the Civil War until the battle of Pharsalus was fought, and had then gone into voluntary banishment to Mytilene. He was pardoned by Caesar; cf. Fam. 4.7 and 4.9. tot condemnati : cf. Caes. B.C. 3.1 nonnullos ambitus Pompeia lege (of 52 B.C. ) damnatos illis temporibus, quibus in urbe praesidia legionum Pompeius habuerat in integrum restituit. Cf. also Cic. Att. 10.4.8; Fam. 15.19.3; Suet. Jul.4
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter LXXV: ad familiares 4.5 (search)
familiares 4.5 Athens, March, 45 B.C. Servius Sulpicius Rufus, who was of about the same age as Cicero, was for a time his rival in oratory, but, soon recognizing his friend's matchless oratorical powers, he turned his attention to the study of jurisprudence, and was for many generations a leading authority in that subject. His opinions are frequently quoted in the Digest. In politics he was, like Cicero, a conservative and a lover of peace, and, as such, strove during his consulship in 51 B.C. to avert the impending struggle between Caesar and Pompey. When the other Pompeians left Rome at the outbreak of the Civil War, Sulpicius was prevented by illness from accompanying them, and, like Cicero, he hesitated long whether to maintain a neutral position or to join them. A lively correspondence upon this point passed between the two in 49 B.C. (cf. Fam. 4.1, 2). In 46 he was made governor of Achaia by Caesar (cf. Ep. LXV. 10). After the death of Caesar, in the struggle between
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