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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 17 17 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 3 3 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 3 3 Browse Search
Andocides, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Lycurgus, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 1 1 Browse Search
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham) 1 1 Browse Search
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Andocides, Against Alcibiades, section 3 (search)
Now the legislatorCleisthenes, in 510 B.C ., cf. Aristot. Ath. Pol. 22. kai\ ga\r sune/bh tou\s me\n *so/lwnos no/mous a)fani/sai th\n turanni/da dia\ to\ mh\ xrh=sqai, kainou\s dÕ a)/llous qei=nai to\n *kleisqe/nhn stoxazo/menon tou= plh/qous, e)n oi(=s e)te/qh kai\ o( peri\ tou= o)strakismou= no/mos. For the procedure cf. Philochorus frag. 79b, F.G.H. i. 396. responsible for this deserves censure; for the law which he framed violates the oath of the People and Council. Under the terms of that oath you swear to exile no one, to imprison no one, to put no one to death, without trial; whereas on this present occasion, when the person ostracized is to be cut off from his country for so long, no accusation has been made, no defence allowed, and the voting is secret.
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), Fragments (search)
Aristotle narrates in his Athenian Constitution, where he says: 'And they were grouped in four tribal divisions in imitation of the seasons in the year, and each of the tribes was divided into three parts, in order that there might be twelve parts in all, like the months of the year, and they were called Thirds and Brotherhoods; and the arrangement of clans was in groups of thirty to the brotherhood, as the days to the month, and the clan consisted of thirty men.After Cleisthenes' reforms, 510 B.C., there were ten tribes, each divided into Thirds and also into ten or more Demes; each Deme was divided into Brotherhoods (number unknown), and these perhaps into Clans.> *)ek tw=n *(hraklei/dou peri\ *politeiw=n. He having come to Scyros met his end by being thrust down a cliff by Lycomedes, who was afraid that he might appropriate the island. But subsequently the Athenians after the Persian Wars brought back his bones. Schol. Vatic.
Aristotle, Politics, Book 5, section 1303a (search)
med in any chance period of time. Hence most of the states that have hitherto admitted joint settlers or additional settlersi.e. colonists not from the mother-city, admitted either at the foundation of the colony or later. have split into factions; for example Achaeans settled at SybarisSybaris, founded 720 B.C., became very wealthy. The Troezenian population when expelled were received at Croton, which made war on Sybaris and destroyed it 510 B.C. To what exactly to\ a)/gos refers is unknown. jointly with Troezenians, and afterwards the Achaeans having become more numerous expelled the Troezenians, which was the Cause of the curse that fell on the Sybarites; and at Thurii Sybarites quarrelled with those who had settled there with them, for they claimed to have the larger share in the country as being their own, and were ejected; and at Byzantium the additional settlers were discovered plotting against
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 18 (search)
is teeth into it. And when the attendants quickly approached and applied every torment to make Zeno relax his hold, he held on all the tighter. Finally, being unable to shake the fortitude of the man, they stabbed him to death that they might in this way break the hold of his teeth. By this device Zeno got release from the agonies he was suffering and exacted of the tyrant the only punishment within his grasp.Const. Exc. 2 (1), pp. 225-226.[Many generations later Dorieusc. 510 B.C. An account of the chequered career of Dorieus, of the royal line of Sparta, is given by Hdt. 5.41-48. the Lacedaemonian came to Sicily, and taking back the land founded the city of Heracleia.On the south coast of Sicily near Agrigentum. Since the city grew rapidly, the Carthaginians, being jealous of it and also afraid that it would grow stronger than Carthage and take from the Phoenicians their sovereignty, came up against it with a great army, took it b
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 20 (search)
Sextus, the son of Lucius Tarquinius (Superbus), the king of the Romans,535-510 B.C. left510 B.C. He was in the Roman army which was besieging the city of Ardea; see Livy 1.57 ff.; Dionysius Hal. 4.64 ff.; Dio Cassius fr. 10.12 ff.. and came to the city of Collatia, as it was called, and stopped at the home of Lucius Tarquinius,He had the surname Collatinus. a cousin of the king, whose wife was Lucretia, a woman of great beauty and virtuous in character. And Lucretia'510 B.C. He was in the Roman army which was besieging the city of Ardea; see Livy 1.57 ff.; Dionysius Hal. 4.64 ff.; Dio Cassius fr. 10.12 ff.. and came to the city of Collatia, as it was called, and stopped at the home of Lucius Tarquinius,He had the surname Collatinus. a cousin of the king, whose wife was Lucretia, a woman of great beauty and virtuous in character. And Lucretia's husband being with the army in camp, the guest, awakening, left his bed-room during the night and set out to the wife who was sleeping in a certain chamber. And suddenly taking his stand at the door and drawing his sword, he announced that he had a slave all ready for slaughter, and that he would slay her together with the slave, as having been taken in adultery and having received at the hand of her husband's nearest of kin the punishment she deserved. Therefore, he
Isocrates, Plataicus (ed. George Norlin), section 2 (search)
for victims of a greater injustice than ourselves, or any who have been plunged into calamities so great, you could not find anywhere, nor any people who for a longer time have maintained toward your city a more loyal friendship.Cf. Herodotus vi. 108. Athens and Platea were allied as early as 510 B.C. Furthermore, we have come here to ask you for assistance of such a kind that your granting it will involve you in no danger whatever and yet will cause all the world to regard you as the most scrupulous and most just of all the Greeks.
Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, section 102 (search)
I want also to recommend Homer to you. In your fathers' eyes he was a poet of such worth that they passed a law that every four years at the Panathenaea he alone of all the poets should have his works recitedThe law that Homer should be recited at the festival of the Great Panathenaea, held in the third year of each Olympiad, may fairly safely be assigned to the time of the Pisistratids (c. 560 to 510 B.C.). It is not mentioned in connection with Pisistratus himself, though he is credited by a number of ancient authorities with the establishment of a definite text of Homer (cf. Cicero,de Orat. 3.34), but according to Plat. Hipparch. 228b, his son Hipparchus did provide for recitations at the festival.; and thus they showed the Greeks their admiration for the noblest deeds. They were right to do so. Laws are too brief to give instruction: they merely state the things that must be done; but poets, depicting life itself, select the noblest actions and so through argument and demonst
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Corinth, chapter 20 (search)
especially renowned for her poetry. It happened that the Argives had suffered an awful defeat at the hands of Cleomenes, the son of Anaxandrides, and the Lacedaemonians. Some fell in the actual fighting; others, who had fled to the grove of Argus, also perished. At first they left sanctuary under an agreement, which was treacherously broken, and the survivors, when they realized this, were burnt to death in the grove. So when Cleomenes led his troops to Argos there were no men to defend it.510 B.C. But Telesilla mounted on the wall all the slaves and such as were incapable of bearing arms through youth or old age, and she herself, collecting the arms in the sanctuaries and those that were left in the houses, armed the women of vigorous age, and then posted them where she knew the enemy would attack. When the Lacedaemonians came on, the women were not dismayed at their battle-cry, but stood their ground and fought valiantly. Then the Lacedaemonians, realizing that to destroy the women
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Laconia, chapter 4 (search)
g routed some five thousand of the Argives took refuge therein. Cleomenes was subject to fits of mad excitement, and on this occasion he ordered the Helots to set the grove on fire, and the flames spread all over the grove, which, as it burned, burned up the suppliants with it. He also conducted campaigns against Athens, by the first of which he delivered the Athenians from the sons of Peisistratus and won a good report among the Greeks both for himself personally and for the Lacedaemonians;510 B.C. while the second campaign was to please an Athenian, Isagoras, by helping him to establish a tyranny over Athens.508 B.C. When he was disappointed, and the Athenians fought strenuously for their freedom, Cleomenes devastated the country, including, they say, the district called Orgas, which was sacred to the deities in Eleusis. He advanced as far as Aegina, and proceeded to arrest such influential Aeginetans as had shown Persian sympathies, and had persuaded the citizens to give earth and w
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Laconia, chapter 7 (search)
d born to him a son, Demaratus. As he was sitting in council with the ephors there came to him a servant with the news that a child was born to him. Ariston, forgetting the lines in the Iliad about the birth of Eurystheus, or else never having understood them at all, declared that because of the number of months the child was not his. Afterwards he repented of his words. Demaratus, a king of good repute at Sparta, particularly for his helping Cleomenes to free Athens from the Peisistratidae,510 B.C. became a private citizen through the thoughtlessness of Ariston and the hatred of Cleomenes. He retired to king Dareius in Persia, and they say that his descendants remained in Asia for a long time. Leotychides, on coming to the throne in place of Demaratus, took part with the Athenians and the Athenian general Xanthippus, the son of Ariphron, in the engagement of Mycale,479 B.C. and afterwards undertook a campaign against the Aleuadae in Thessaly. Although his uninterrupted victories in th
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