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Now the legislatorCleisthenes, in 510 B.C ., cf. Aristot. Ath. Pol. 22. kai\ ga\r sune/bh tou\s me\n *so/lwnos no/mous a)fani/sai th\n turanni/da dia\ to\ mh\ xrh=sqai, kainou\s dÕ a)/llous qei=nai to\n *kleisqe/nhn stoxazo/menon tou= plh/qous, e)n oi(=s e)te/qh kai\ o( peri\ tou= o)strakismou= no/mos. For the procedure cf. Philochorus frag. 79b, F.G.H. i. 396. responsible for this deserves censure; for the law which he framed violates the oath of the People and Council. Under the terms of that oath you swear to exile no one, to imprison no one, to put no one to death, without trial; whereas on this present occasion, when the person ostracized is to be cut off from his country for so long, no accusation has been made, no defence allowed, and the voting is secret.
Sextus, the son of Lucius Tarquinius (Superbus), the king of the Romans,535-510 B.C. left510 B.C. He was in the Roman army which was besieging the city of Ardea; see Livy 1.57 ff.; Dionysius Hal. 4.64 ff.; Dio Cassius fr. 10.12 ff.. and came to the city of Collatia, as it was called, and stopped at the home of Lucius Tarquinius,He had the surname Collatinus. a cousin of the king, whose wife was Lucretia, a woman of great beauty and virtuous in character. And Lucretia'510 B.C. He was in the Roman army which was besieging the city of Ardea; see Livy 1.57 ff.; Dionysius Hal. 4.64 ff.; Dio Cassius fr. 10.12 ff.. and came to the city of Collatia, as it was called, and stopped at the home of Lucius Tarquinius,He had the surname Collatinus. a cousin of the king, whose wife was Lucretia, a woman of great beauty and virtuous in character. And Lucretia's husband being with the army in camp, the guest, awakening, left his bed-room during the night and set out to the wife who was sleeping in a certain chamber. And suddenly taking his stand at the door and drawing his sword, he announced that he had a slave all ready for slaughter, and that he would slay her together with the slave, as having been taken in adultery and having received at the hand of her husband's nearest of kin the punishment she deserved. Therefore, he
for victims of a greater injustice than ourselves, or any who have been plunged into calamities so great, you could not find anywhere, nor any people who for a longer time have maintained toward your city a more loyal friendship.Cf. Herodotus vi. 108. Athens and Platea were allied as early as 510 B.C. Furthermore, we have come here to ask you for assistance of such a kind that your granting it will involve you in no danger whatever and yet will cause all the world to regard you as the most scrupulous and most just of all the Greeks.
I want also to recommend Homer to you. In your fathers' eyes he was a poet of such worth that they passed a law that every four years at the Panathenaea he alone of all the poets should have his works recitedThe law that Homer should be recited at the festival of the Great Panathenaea, held in the third year of each Olympiad, may fairly safely be assigned to the time of the Pisistratids （c. 560 to 510 B.C.）. It is not mentioned in connection with Pisistratus himself, though he is credited by a number of ancient authorities with the establishment of a definite text of Homer （cf. Cicero,de Orat. 3.34）, but according to Plat. Hipparch. 228b, his son Hipparchus did provide for recitations at the festival.; and thus they showed the Greeks their admiration for the noblest deeds. They were right to do so. Laws are too brief to give instruction: they merely state the things that must be done; but poets, depicting life itself, select the noblest actions and so through argument and demonst