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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 17 17 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 3 3 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 3 3 Browse Search
Andocides, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Lycurgus, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 1 1 Browse Search
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 510 BC or search for 510 BC in all documents.

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in a style of magnificence which much exceeded their engagement. They thus gained great popularity throughout Greece, while they contrived to bring the Peisistratids into odium by charging them with having caused the fire. The oracle, besides, favoured them thenceforth; and whenever it was consulted by a Spartan, on whatever matter, the answer always contained an exhortation to give Athens freedom; and the result was that at length the Spartans expelled Hippias, and restored the Alcmaeonids. (B. C. 510.) The restored family found themselves in an isolated position, between the nobles, who appear to have been opposed to them, and the popular party which had been hitherto attached to the Peisistratids. Cleisthenes, now the head of the Alcmaeonidae, joined the latter party, and gave a new constitution to Athens. Further particulars respecting the family are given under the names of its members. (Hdt. 6.121-131; Pindar, Pyth. vii., and Böckh's notes; Clinton's Fasti, ii. p. 4, 299.) [P.S
Amphi'crates a Greek sculptor, probably of Athens, since he was the maker of a statue which the Athenians erected in honour of a courtezan, who having learnt from Harmodius and Aristogeiton their conspiracy against Hippias and Hipparchus, was tortured to death by the tyrants, without disclosing the secret. Her name was Leana (a lioness) : and the Athenians, unwilling openly to honour a courtezan, had the statue made in the form of a lioness ; and, to point out the act which it was meant to commemorate, the animal's tongue was omitted. We know nothing of the sculptor's age, unless we may infer from the narrative that the statue was made soon after the expulsion of the Peisistratidae. (B. C. 510.) In the passage of Pliny, which is our sole authority (34.19.12), there is a manifest corruption of the text, and the reading Amphicratis is only a conjecture, though a most probable one, by Sillig. (Catalogus Artificum, s. v.) [P.S]
Callias (*Kalli/as). 1. A soothsayer of the sacred Elean family of the Iamidae. (Pind. Olymp. vi.), who, according to the account of the Crotonians, came over to their ranks from those of Sybaris, when he saw that the sacrifices foreboded destruction to the latter, B. C. 510. His services to Crotona were rewarded by an allotment of land, of which his descendants were still in possession when Herodotus wrote. (Hdt. 5.44, 45
s in his account of Cleomenes, says, it was at the beginning of his reign; Clinton, however, whom Thirlwall follows, fixes it, on the ground of Hdt. 7.148-9, towards the end of his reign, about 510 B. C. The life of Cleomenes, as graphically given by Herodotus is very curious; we may perhaps, without much imputation on the father of history, suspect that his love for personal story has here a little coloured his narrative. Possibly he may have somewhat mistaken his character; certainly the freedom of action allowed to a king whom the Spartans were at first half inclined to put aside for the younger brother Dorieus, and who was always accounted half-mad (u(pomrgo/teros), seems at variance with the received views of their kingly office. Yet it is possible that a wild character of this kind might find favour in Spartan eyes. (Comp. Müller, Dor. 1.8.6; Clinton, B. C. 510, and p. 425, note x.) The occupation of the acropolis of Athens is mentioned by Aristophanes. (Lysistr. 272.) [A.H.C
Demara'tus (*Dhma/ratos), the 15th Eurypontid, reigned at Sparta from about B. C. 510 to 491. Pausanias speaks of him as sharing with Cleomenes the honour of expelling Hippias (B. C. 510) (Paus. 3.7 § 7), and Plutarch (de Virtut. Mul. p. 245d.) unites their names in the war against Argos. Under Telesilla, he says " the Argive women beat back Cleomenes (a)pekrou/danto) and thrust out Demaratus" (e)ce/wdan), as if the latter had for a time effected an entrance. "He had gained," says Herodotus (6B. C. 510) (Paus. 3.7 § 7), and Plutarch (de Virtut. Mul. p. 245d.) unites their names in the war against Argos. Under Telesilla, he says " the Argive women beat back Cleomenes (a)pekrou/danto) and thrust out Demaratus" (e)ce/wdan), as if the latter had for a time effected an entrance. "He had gained," says Herodotus (6.70), " very frequent distinction for deeds and for counsels, and had in particular won for his country, alone of all her kings, an Olympian victory in the four-horse chariot-race." His career, however, was cut short by dissensions with his colleague. In the invasion, by which Cleomeenes proposed to wreak his vengeance on Athens, Demaratus, who was joint commander, on the arrival of the army at Eleusis, followed the example of the Corinthians, and refused to cooperate any further. The other a
Theraeans, to Libya : the spot he here chose, Cinyps by name, was excellen t; but he was driven out ere long by the Libyans and Carthaginians, and led the survivors home. He now, under the sanction of the oracle, set forth to found a Heracleia in the district pronounced to be the property of Hercules, and to have been reserved by him for any descendant who might come to claim it, Eryx, in Sicily. In his passage thitherward, along the Italian coast, he found the people of Croton preparing (B. C. 510) for their conflict with Sybaris, and induced, it would seem, by the connexion between Croton and Sparta (Müller, Dor. bk. 10.7.12), he joined in the expedition. and received, after the fall of the city, a plot of land, on which he built a temple to Athena, of the Crathis. Such was the story given to Herodotus by the remnants of the Sybarites, who were his fellow-citizens at Thurii, denied however by the Crotoniats, on the evidence, that while Callias, the Elean prophet, had received from
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Hegesi'stratus (search)
Hegesi'stratus (*(Hghsi/stratos). 1. A son of Peisistratus by an Argive woman, was placed by his father in the tyranny of Sigeium in the Troad, and maintained possession of the city against the attacks of the Mytilenaeans. When Hippias was banished from Athens, in B. C. 510, he took refuge with his brother, Hegesistratus, at Sigeium (Hdt. 5.94; Thuc. 6.59
Isa'goras (*)Isago/ras), an Athenian, son of Tisander. Herodotus says that his family was one of note: of its remote origin he professes himself ignorant, but adds that his kinsmen sacrificed to Carian Zeus. When Cleomenes I. of Sparta came to Athens, in B. C. 510, to drive out Hippias, he formed a connection of friendship and hospitality with Isagoras, who was suspected of conniving at an intrigue between his wife and the Spartan king. Not long after this we find Isagoras, the leader of the oligarchical party at Athens, in opposition to Cleisthenes, and, when he found the latter too strong for him, he applied to Cleomenes for aid. The attempt made by the Spartans in consequence to establish oligarchy at Athens was defeated; and when Cleomenes, eager for revenge, again invaded Attica, with the view of placing the chief power in the hands of Isagoras, his enterprise again came to nothing, through the defection of the Corinthians and Demaratus. (Hdt. 5.66, 70-72, 74, 75; Plut. de Herod
ithstand his enemies in the field, retreated into the Acropolis. This being well supplied with stores, the Lacedaemonians, who were unprepared for a siege, would, in the judgment of Herodotus, have been quite unable to force Hippias to surrender, had it not been that his children fell into their hands, while being conveyed out of Attica for greater security, and were only restored on condition that Hippias and his connections should evacuate Attica within five days. They retired to Sigeum, B. C. 510. (Hdt. 5.64, &c.; Paus. 3.4.2, 7.8; Aristoph. Lys. 1150, &c.). The family of the tyrants was condemned to perpetual banishment, a sentence which was maintained even in after times, when decrees of amnesty were passed (Andoc. de Myst. § 78). A monument recording the offences of the tyrants was set up in the Acropolis. (Thuc. 6.55.) The Spartans before long discovered the trick that had been played upon them by the Alemaeonidae and the Delphic oracle; and their jealousy of the Athenians b
unt of Eratosthenes (ap. D. L. 8.47), and this is the date adopted by Bentley among others. On the other hand, according to Aristoxenus (Porph. l.c. 100.9), Pythagoras quitted Samos in the reign of Polycrates, at the age of 40. According to Iamblichus he was 57 years of age in B. C. 513. This would give B. C. 570 as the date of his birth, and this date coincides better with other statements. All authorities agree that he flourished in the times of Polycrates and Tarquinius Superbus (B. C. 540-510. See Clinton, Fasti Hellen. s. a. B. C. 539, 533, 531, 510). The war between Sybaris and Crotona might furnish some data bearing upon the point, if the connection of Pythagoras with it were matter of certainty. It was natural that men should be eager to know, or ready to conjecture the sources whence Pythagoras derived the materials which were worked up into his remarkable system. And as, in such cases, in the absence of authentic information, the conjectures of one become the belief of ano
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