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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 538 BC or search for 538 BC in all documents.

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Camby'ses (*Kambu/shs). 1. The father of Cyrus the Great, according to Herodotus and Xenophon, the former of whom tells us (1.107), that Astyages, being terrified by a dream, refrained from marrying his daughter Mandane to a Mede, and gave her to Cambyses, a Persian of noble blood, but of an unambitious temper. (Comp. Just. 1.4.) The father of Cambyses is also called 'Cyrus' by Herodotus (1.111). In so rhetorical a passage as the speech of Xerxes (Hdt. 7.11) we must not look for exact accuracy in the genealogy. Xenophon (Xen. Cyrop. 1.2) calls Cambyses the king of Persia, and he afterwards speaks of him (Cyrop. 8.5) as still reigning after the capture of Babylon, B. C. 538. But we cannot of course rest much on the statements in a romance. The account of Ctesias differs from the above. [ASTYAGES
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Cyrus or Cyrus the Elder or the Elder Cyrus (search)
commencement of his expedition. Having defeated in battle the whole forces of the Babylonians, he laid siege to the city, and after a long time he took it by diverting the course of the Euphrates, which flowed through the midst of it, so that his soldiers entered Babylon by the bed of the river. So entirely unprepared were the Babylonians for this mode of attack, that they were engaged in revelry (e)n eu)paqei/hsi), and had left the gates which opened upon the river unguarded. This was in B. C. 538. After Cyrus had subdued the Assyrians, he undertook the subjugation of the Massagetae, a people dwelling beyond the Araxes. Cyrus offered to marry Tomyris, the widowed queen of this people; but she refused the offer, saying that he wooed not her, but the kingdom of the Massagetae. The details of the war which followed may be read in Herodotus. It ended in the death of Cyrus in battle. Tomyris caused his corpse to be found among the slain, and having cut off the head, threw it into a bag