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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 54 BC or search for 54 BC in all documents.

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After the death of Orgetorix, the Helvetians still continuing their plan of migration and conquest, Dumnorix, who, with a view to sovereign power among his own people, was anxious to extend his influence in all possible quarters, obtained for them a passage through the territory of the Sequani. Caesar soon discovered that he had done so, and also that he had prevented the Aeduans from supplying the provisions they were bound to furnish to the Roman army. In consequence, however, of the entreaties of his brother, Divitiacus, his life was spared, though Caesar had him closely watched. This occurred in B. C. 58. When Caesar was on the point of setting out on his second expedition into Britain, in B. C. 54, he suspected Dumnorix too much to leave him behind in Gaul, and he insisted therefore on his accompanying him. Dumnorix, upon this, fled from the Roman camp with the Aeduan cavalry, but was overtaken and slain. (Caes. Gal. 1.3, 9, 16-20, 5.6, 7; Plut. Caes. 18; D. C. 38.31, 32.) [E.E]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Faba'tus, L. Ro'scius was one of Caesar's lieutenants in the Gallic war, and commanded the thirteenth legion on the Lower Rhine, in the winter of B. C. 54. It was during this winter that Ambiorix [AMBIORIX] induced the Eburones and Nervii to attack in detail the quarters of the Roman legions, but in the operations consequent on their revolt Fabatus seems to have taken no part, since the district in which he was stationed remained quiet. (Caes. Gal. 5.24.) He apprised (Caesar, however, of hostile movements in Armorica in the same winter. (Ibid. 53.) Fabatus was one of the piaetors in B. C. 49, and was sent by Pompey from Rome to Caesar at Ariminum, with proposals of accommodation, both public and private. He was charged by Caesar with counter-proposals, which he delivered to Pompey and the consuls at Capua. (Cic. Att. 8.12; Caes. Civ. 1.8, 10; D. C. 41.5.) Fabatus was despatched on a second mission to Caesar by those members of the Pompeian party who were anxious for peace. (Dio Cass.
following, when Pompey was publicly insulted during the trial of Milo, Favonius and other Optimates rejoiced in the senate at the affront thus offered to him. In the second consulship of Pompey and Crassus, in B. C. 55, the tribune Trebonius brought forward a bill that Spain and Syria should be given to the consuls for five years, and that Caesar's proconsulship of Gaul should be prolonged for the same period. Cato and Favonius opposed the bill, but it was carried by force and violence. In B. C. 54, Favonius, Cicero, Bibulus, and Calidius spoke in favour of the freedom of the Tenedians. In the year following Favonius offered himself as a candidate for the aedileship, but was rejected. Cato, however, observed, that a gross deception had been practised in the voting, and, with the assistance of the tribunes, he caused a fresh election to be instituted, the result of which was that his friend was invested with the office. During the year of his aedileship, he left the administration of a
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
tator L. Cornelius Sulla by his fourth wife, Caecilia Metella, and twin sister of Faustus Cornelius Sulla, was born not long before B. C. 88, the year in which Sulla obtained his first consulship ; and she and her brother received the names of Fausta and Faustus respectively, on account of the good fortune of their father. Fausta was first married to C. Memmius, and probably at a very early age, as her son, C. Memmius, was one of the nobles who supplicated the judges on behalf of Scaurus in B. C. 54. After being divorced by her first husband, she married, towards the latter end of B. C. 55, T. Annius Milo, and accompanied him on his journey to Lanuvium, when Clodius was murdered, B. C. 52. (Plut. Sull. 34; Cic. Att. 5.8; Ascon. in Scaur. p. 29, in Milon. p. 33, ed. Orelli.) Fausta was infamous for her adulteries, and the historian Sallust is said to have been one of her paramours, and to have received a severe flogging from Milo, when he was detected on one occasion in the house of t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flavus, C. Al'fius tribune of the plebs, B. C. 59. During Cicero's consulship Flavus seconded him in his measures against Catiline (Cic. pro Planc. 42), but in his tribunate he was a zealous supporter of all Caesar's acts and laws. (Cic. pro Sest. 53; Schol. Bob. in Sextian. p. 304, in Vatinian. p. 324, ed. Orelli.) This seems to have cost Flavus the aedileship. He was, however, praetor, B. C. 54, after at least one repulse. Flavus afterwards appears as quaestor, or special commissioner, at the trial of A. Gabinius (Cic. ad Q. Fr. 3.1.7), and at that of Cn. Plancius (Cic. pro Planc. 17). Cicero always speaks of Flavus as an honest and well-meaning, but mistaken man. [W.B.D]
Syrian coast, which Gabinius had left unguarded during his expedition to Egypt. The recall of Gabinius from his province had been decreed in B. C. 55, but he did not depart until his successor, M. Crassus, had actually made his appearance, in B. C. 54. He lingered on the road, and his gold travelled before him, to purchase favour or silence. To cover his disgrace, lie gave out that he intended to demand a triumph, and lie remained some time without the city gates, but, finding delay useless, on the 28th of September, B. C. 54, he stole into the city by night, to avoid the insults of the populace. For tell days he did not dare to present himself before the senate. When at length he came, and had made the usual report as to the state of the Roman forces, and as to the troops of the enemy, he was about to go away, when he was detained by the consuls, L. Domitius Ahenobarbus and App. Claudius, to answer the accusation of the publicani, who had been in attendance at the doors, and were c
Galba 10. SER. SULPICIUS GALBA, a grandson of No. 6, and great-grandfather of the emperor Galba. He was sent by Caesar at the beginning of his Gallic campaign, in B. C. 58, against the Nantuates, Veragri and Seduni, and defeated them; but he, nevertheless, led his army back into the country of the Allobrogians. In B. C. 54 he was praetor urbanus. In B. C. 49 he was a candidate for the consulship; but, to the annoyance of his friend J. Caesar, he was not elected. He was a friend of Decimus Brutus and Cicero; and in the war of Mutina, of which he himself gives an account in a letter to Cicero still extant (ad Fam. 10.30), he commanded the legio Martia. (Caes. Gal. 3.1, 6, 8.50; D. C. 37.48, 39.5, 65 ; Cic. Fam. 6.18, 11.18, Philip. 13.16; V. Max. 6.2.11.) According to Suetonius (Galba, 3; comp. Appian, App. BC 2.113), he was one of the conspirators against the life of J. Caesar.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
M'. Acilius Glabrio son of the preceding and of Aemilia, daughter of M. Aemilius Scaurus, consul in B. C. 115. Glabrio addressed the judices in behalf of his father-in-law, who was impeached for extortion in B. C. 54. [SCAURUS.] (Ascon. in Cic. Scaurian. p. 29, Orelli.) Glabrio was born in the house of Cn. Pompey, B. C. 81,who married his mother after her compulsory divorce from the elder Glabrio [No. 5]. Aemilia died in giving birth to him. (Plut. Sull. 33, Pomp. 9.) In the civil wars, B. C. 48, Glabrio was one of Caesar's lieutenants, and commanded the garrison of Oricum in Epeirus (Caes. Civ. 3.15, 16, 39). During the African war Glabrio was stationed in Sicily, and at this time, B. C. 46, Cicero addressed to him nine letters (ad Fam. 13.30-39) in behalf of friends or clients to whom their affairs in Sicily, or the casualties of the civil war, rendered protection important. When Caesar, in B. C. 44, was preparing for the Parthian wars, Glabrio was sent forward into Greece with a de
Hypsaeus 5. P. Plautius Hypsaeus, as tribune of the plebs in B. C. 54, exerted himself to procure for Cn. Pompey, whose quaestor he had been, the commission for restoring Ptolemy Auletes to the throne of Egypt. (Cic. Fam. 1.1.3. In B. C. 54, Hypsaeus was a candidate for the consulship, and since Milo was his opponent, he had the support of P. Clodius and his gladiators. [CLAUDIUS, No. 40.] With his fellow-candidate, Q. Metellus Scipio, Hypsaeus employed in his canvass the most open corruption aB. C. 54, Hypsaeus was a candidate for the consulship, and since Milo was his opponent, he had the support of P. Clodius and his gladiators. [CLAUDIUS, No. 40.] With his fellow-candidate, Q. Metellus Scipio, Hypsaeus employed in his canvass the most open corruption and violence. In the tumults that followed the murder of Clodius, Hypsaeus and Scipio besieged the interrex, M. Aemilius Lepidus, in his own house for five days. because he would not consent to hold the comitia illegally. Scipio and Hypsaeus were naturally favourites with the Clodian mob, who carried off the fasces from the temple of Libitina (Dionys. A. R. 4.15; Suet. Nero 39), and offered them to these candidates, before they tendered them to Cn. Pompey. Hypsaeus was singled out by Milo's facti
Indutioma'rus 2. One of the leading chiefs of the Treviri (Trèues, Trier), and the head of the independent party. When Caesar marched into the territory of the Treviri in B. C. 54, just before his second invasion of Britain, Indutiomarus, who had made every preparation for war, found himself deserted by many of his partizans, and was obliged to submit to Caesar. The latter accepted his excuses, but at the same time used all his influence to induce the leading men of the nation to side with Cingetorix, the great rival of Indutiomarus, (though he was his own son-in-law,) and the head of the Roman party. Finding himself thus deprived of much of his power among his own people, Indutiomarus became a bitterer enemy than ever of the Romans, and only waited for a favourable opportunity of taking his revenge. This arrived sooner than might have been expected. In consequence of the scarcity of corn Caesar was obliged to separate his troops for their winter-quarters, and to station them in diffe
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