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Diodorus Siculus, Library 2 2 Browse Search
Aristotle, Metaphysics 1 1 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 1 1 Browse Search
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Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book 1, section 984a (search)
and time-honored may perhaps be considered uncertain; however, it is said that this was Thales' opinion concerning the first cause. (I say nothing of Hippo,Hippo of Samos, a medical writer and eclectic philosopher who lived in the latter half of the fifth century B.C. Cf.Aristot. De Anima 405b 2. because no one would presume to include him in this company, in view of the paltriness of his intelligence.)AnaximenesThe third Milesian monist; fl. circa 545 B.C. and DiogenesDiogenes of Apollonia, an eclectic philosopher roughly contemporary with Hippo. held that air is prior to water, and is of all corporeal elements most truly the first principle. HippasusA Pythagorean, probably slightly junior to Heraclitus. of Metapontum and HeraclitusFl. about 500 B.C. of Ephesus hold this of fire; and EmpedoclesOf Acragas; fl. 450 B.C.—adding earth as a fourth to those already mentioned—takes all fou
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 9, Chapter 35 (search)
Harpagus had been appointed commander on the sea by Cyrus the Persian, and when the Greeks of Asia sent an embassy to Cyrus545 B.C. for the purpose of making a treaty of friendship with him, Harpagus remarked to them that what they were doing was very much like a former experience of his own. Once when he wished to marry he had asked a girl's father for the hand of his daughter. At first, however, her father decided that he was not worthy to marry his daughter and betrothed her to a man of higher position, but later, observing that Harpagus was being honoured by the king, he offered him his daughter; but he replied that he would no longer have her as his wife, but would consent to take her as a concubine. By such words he pointed out to the Greeks that formerly, when Cyrus had urged them to become friends of the Persians, they had been unwilling, but now, after matters had taken a different turn and they were anxious to agree upon rel
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 9, Chapter 36 (search)
When the Lacedaemonians learned that the Greeks of Asia were in peril, they sent a message to Cyrus545 B.C. stating that the Lacedaemonians, being kinsmen of the Greeks of Asia, forbade him to enslave the Greek cities. And Cyrus, marvelling at such words, remarked that he would judge of their valour when he should send one of his own slaves to subdue Greece. When the Lacedaemonians were setting out to conquer Arcadia,c. 560 B.C. they received the following oracle: Arcadia dost thou demand of me? A high demand, nor will I give it thee. For many warriors, acorn-eaters all, Dwell in Arcadia, and they will ward Thee off. Yet for my part I grudge thee not. Tegea's land, smitten with tripping feet, I'll give to thee, wherein to dance and plot The fertile plain with measuring-line for tilth. The Lacedaemonians sent to Delphi to inquire in what place the bones of Orestes, the son of Ag
Mazares (*Maza/rhs), a Mede, was sent by Cyrus into Lydia, about B. C. 545, to carry into effect there the suggestion of Croesus, that the Lydians should be prevented from bearing arms and be rendered as effeminate as possible. Mazares was also commissioned to bring PACTYAS, the rebel, back to Cyrus, as a prisoner. He compelled the Lydians to submit to the new regulations of the conqueror, and he succeeded in getting Pactyas into his power. He then went against the rebels, who had besieged Tabalus, the Persian governor, in the citadel of Sardis; and, having enslaved the Prienians, he overran the region about the Maeander and the Magnesian plain. Soon after he was attacked by a disease which proved fatal. (Hdt. 1.156--l1i .) [E.