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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 6 6 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 4 4 Browse Search
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham) 1 1 Browse Search
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 19 (search)
opes of Parnes, where some of their friends in the city came out and joined them, but they were besieged and dislodged by the tyrants, owing to which afterwards they used to refer to this disaster in singing their catches:Faithless Dry Fountain! Lackaday,What good men's lives you threw away!True patriots and fighters game, They showed the stock from which they came!Anon. So as they were failing in everything else, they contracted to build the temple at Delphi,It had been burnt down in 548 B.C. Apparently they made a profit on the contract, but rebuilt it to the satisfaction of the priestess. and so acquired a supply of money for the assistance of the Spartans. And the Pythian priestess constantly uttered a command to the Spartans, when they consulted the oracle, to liberate Athens, until she brought the Spartiates to the point, although the Peisistratidae were strangers to them; and an equally great amount of incitement was contributed to the Spartans by the friendship that
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 1, chapter 74 (search)
ight. Thales of Miletus had foretold this loss of daylight to the Ionians, fixing it within the year in which the change did indeed happen.All evidence, historical and astronomical, fixes the date of this eclipse as May 28, 585 B.C. There was another eclipse of the sun in Alyattes' reign, on Sept. 30, 610; but it appears that this latter was not total in Asia Minor: and Pliny's mention of the phenomenon places it in the 170th year from the foundation of Rome. Thales died at an advanced age in 548 B.C. So when the Lydians and Medes saw the day turned to night, they stopped fighting, and both were the more eager to make peace. Those who reconciled them were Syennesis the Cilician and Labynetus the Babylonian; they brought it about that there should be a sworn agreement and a compact of marriage between them: they judged that Alyattes should give his daughter Aryenis to Astyages, son of Cyaxares; for without strong constraint agreements will not keep their force. These nations make swor
Isocrates, Antidosis (ed. George Norlin), section 232 (search)
ian democracy see Isoc. 7.16. For when he was placed at the head of the people, he gave them laws, set their affairs in order, and constituted the government of the city so wisely that even now Athens is well satisfied with the polity which was organized by him. Next, Cleisthenes, after he had been driven from Athens by the tyrants, succeeded by his eloquence in persuading the Amphictyons to lend him money from the treasury of Apollo,For the Amphictyonic Council see Isoc. 5.74, note. The family of the Alcmaeonidae, to which Cleisthenes belonged, won the favor of this council by their aid in rebuilding the temple of Apollo which had been burned in 548 B.C. The story that Cleisthenes and his party got funds from the Amphictyony is found also in Dem. 21.144. But the facts are confused; see Beloch, Griechische Geschichte vol. ii. p. 387. and thus restored the people to power, expelled the tyrants, and established that democracy to which the world of Hellas owes its greatest blessings.
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Corinth, chapter 38 (search)
s another place, called Apobathmi (Steps). The story is that this is the first place in Argolis where Danaus landed with his daughters. From here we pass through what is called Anigraea, along a narrow and difficult road, until we reach a tract on the left which stretches down to the sea; it is fertile in trees, especially the olive. As you go up inland from this is a place where three hundred picked Argives fought for this land with an equal number of specially chosen Lacedaemonian warriors548 B.C.. All were killed except one Spartan and two Argives, and here were raised the graves for the dead. But the Lacedaemonians, having fought against the Argives with all their forces, won a decisive victory; at first they themselves enjoyed the fruits of the land, but afterwards they assigned it to the Aeginetans, when they were expelled from their island by the Athenians431 B.C.. In my time Thyreatis was inhabited by the Argives, who say that they recovered it by the award of an arbitration338
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Phocis and Ozolian Locri, chapter 5 (search)
roof of bronze. So it would not be unlikely that a temple of bronze was made for Apollo. The rest of the story I cannot believe, either that the temple was the work of Hephaestus, or the legend about the golden singers, referred to by Pindar in his verses about this bronze temple:—Above the pediment sangGolden Charmers.Pindar, work unknownThese words, it seems to me, are but an imitation of Homer'sSee Hom. Od. 12.44 account of the Sirens. Neither did I find the accounts agree of the way this temple disappeared. Some say that it fell into a chasm in the earth, others that it was melted by fire. The fourth temple was made by Trophonius and Agamedes; the tradition is that it was made of stone. It was burnt down in the archonship of Erxicleides at Athens, in the first year of the fifty-eighth Olympiad,548 B.C when Diognetus of Crotona was victorious. The modern temple was built for the god by the Amphictyons from the sacred treasures, and the architect was one Spintharus of Corinth
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Phocis and Ozolian Locri, chapter 9 (search)
heir leaders, but some consolation will there beFor the defeat; they shall not escape the notice of the city, but shall pay the penalty. So much for this belief. The struggle for the district called ThyreaPausanias seems to refer to a battle in 548 B.C., but the date of the artist Antiphanes makes it more probable that the horse was dedicated to commemorate a later battle fought in 424 B.C. between the Lacedaemonians and the Argives548 or 424 B.C was also foretold by the Sibyl, who said that thnias seems to refer to a battle in 548 B.C., but the date of the artist Antiphanes makes it more probable that the horse was dedicated to commemorate a later battle fought in 424 B.C. between the Lacedaemonians and the Argives548 or 424 B.C was also foretold by the Sibyl, who said that the battle would be drawn. But the Argives claimed that they had the better of the engagement, and sent to Delphi a bronze horse, supposed to be the wooden horse of Troy. It is the work of Antiphanes of Argos.
ibuted, to Eudoxus. Theophrastus (de Sign. Pluv. p. 239, ed. Basil. 1541) mentions him as a meteorological observer along with Matricetas of Methymna and Phaeinus of Athens, and says that Meton was taught by Phaeinus. If, therefore, Callistratus was contemporary with the latter, which however is not clear, he must have lived before Ol. 87. Pliny (Plin. Nat. 2.8) says, that Anaximander discovered the obliquity of the ecliptic in Ol. 58, and that Cleostratus afterwards introduced the division of the Zodiac into signs, beginning with Aries and Sagittarius. It seems, therefore, that he lived some time between B. C. 548 and 432. Hyginus (Poet. Astr. 2.13) says, that Cleostratus first pointed out the two stars in Auriga called Haedi. (Verg. A. 9.668.) On the Octaeteris, see Geminus, Elem. Astr. 100.6. (Petav. Uranolog. p. 37.) (Ideler, Technische Chronologie, vol. i. p. 305; Schaubach, Gesch. d. Gr. Astron. p. 196; Petavius, Doctr. Temp, 2.2; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ii. p. 82.) [W.F.D]
Lycurgus (*Lukou=rgos). 1. An Athenian, son of Aristolaidas, was the leader of the high oligarchical party, or the party of the plain, while those of the coast and the highlands were headed respectively by Megacles, the Alcmaeonid, and Peisistratus. The government having been usurped by Peisistratus, in B. C. 560, Megacles and Lycurgus coalesced and drove him out in B. C. 554. But they then renewed their dissensions with one another, and the consequence was the restoration of Peisistratus, in B. C. 548, by marriage with the daughter of Megacles. He treated the lady, however, as only nominally his wife, and the Alcmaeonidae, indignant at the insult, again made common cause with Lycurgus, and expelled Peisistratus for the second time, in B. C. 547. (Her. 1.59, &c
Spi'ntharus (*Spi/nqaros). a Corinthian architect, who commenced the rebuilding of the great temple at Delphi, after its destruction by fire in Ol. 58. 1, B. C. 548. (Paus. 10.5.5.) The temple was not, however, finished till Ol. 75, B. C. 480; so that the architect could scarcely have lived to see the completion of the work. [P.
Tectaeus and ANGE'LION (*Tektai=os kai\ *)Aggeliwn, early Greek statuaries, who are always mentioned together. They were pupils of Dipoenus and Seyllis, and instructors of Callon of Aegina ; and therefore they must have flourished about Ol. 58, B. C. 548. (Paus. 2.32.4; CALLON ; DIPOENUS.) They belong to the latter part of the so-called Daedalian period. [DAEDALUS.] The only work of theirs, of which we have any notice, is the celebrated statue of Apollo at Delos, mentioned by Pausanias (9.32.1. s. 4: where the corrupt word *Dionu/sou is very difficult to correct: Müller has suggested xrusou=: see Schnbart and Walz's note), and more fully described by Plutarch (de Mus. 14, p. 1136a.) The right hand of the statue held a how, and in the left hand were the Graces. each holding an instrument of music, one the lyre, another the flute, and the third the panpipes (su/rigc). The tradition which ascribed the image to the Meropes in the time of Heracles. if worth anything, must signify that it
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