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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 6 6 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 4 4 Browse Search
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham) 1 1 Browse Search
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 548 BC or search for 548 BC in all documents.

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ibuted, to Eudoxus. Theophrastus (de Sign. Pluv. p. 239, ed. Basil. 1541) mentions him as a meteorological observer along with Matricetas of Methymna and Phaeinus of Athens, and says that Meton was taught by Phaeinus. If, therefore, Callistratus was contemporary with the latter, which however is not clear, he must have lived before Ol. 87. Pliny (Plin. Nat. 2.8) says, that Anaximander discovered the obliquity of the ecliptic in Ol. 58, and that Cleostratus afterwards introduced the division of the Zodiac into signs, beginning with Aries and Sagittarius. It seems, therefore, that he lived some time between B. C. 548 and 432. Hyginus (Poet. Astr. 2.13) says, that Cleostratus first pointed out the two stars in Auriga called Haedi. (Verg. A. 9.668.) On the Octaeteris, see Geminus, Elem. Astr. 100.6. (Petav. Uranolog. p. 37.) (Ideler, Technische Chronologie, vol. i. p. 305; Schaubach, Gesch. d. Gr. Astron. p. 196; Petavius, Doctr. Temp, 2.2; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ii. p. 82.) [W.F.D]
Lycurgus (*Lukou=rgos). 1. An Athenian, son of Aristolaidas, was the leader of the high oligarchical party, or the party of the plain, while those of the coast and the highlands were headed respectively by Megacles, the Alcmaeonid, and Peisistratus. The government having been usurped by Peisistratus, in B. C. 560, Megacles and Lycurgus coalesced and drove him out in B. C. 554. But they then renewed their dissensions with one another, and the consequence was the restoration of Peisistratus, in B. C. 548, by marriage with the daughter of Megacles. He treated the lady, however, as only nominally his wife, and the Alcmaeonidae, indignant at the insult, again made common cause with Lycurgus, and expelled Peisistratus for the second time, in B. C. 547. (Her. 1.59, &c
Spi'ntharus (*Spi/nqaros). a Corinthian architect, who commenced the rebuilding of the great temple at Delphi, after its destruction by fire in Ol. 58. 1, B. C. 548. (Paus. 10.5.5.) The temple was not, however, finished till Ol. 75, B. C. 480; so that the architect could scarcely have lived to see the completion of the work. [P.
Tectaeus and ANGE'LION (*Tektai=os kai\ *)Aggeliwn, early Greek statuaries, who are always mentioned together. They were pupils of Dipoenus and Seyllis, and instructors of Callon of Aegina ; and therefore they must have flourished about Ol. 58, B. C. 548. (Paus. 2.32.4; CALLON ; DIPOENUS.) They belong to the latter part of the so-called Daedalian period. [DAEDALUS.] The only work of theirs, of which we have any notice, is the celebrated statue of Apollo at Delos, mentioned by Pausanias (9.32.1. s. 4: where the corrupt word *Dionu/sou is very difficult to correct: Müller has suggested xrusou=: see Schnbart and Walz's note), and more fully described by Plutarch (de Mus. 14, p. 1136a.) The right hand of the statue held a how, and in the left hand were the Graces. each holding an instrument of music, one the lyre, another the flute, and the third the panpipes (su/rigc). The tradition which ascribed the image to the Meropes in the time of Heracles. if worth anything, must signify that it
e coast of Asia Minor as one scene of the artistic activity of Theodorus. We proceed therefore to the positive testimonies respecting these artists. The most definitely chronological of these testimonies are the passages in which Herodotus mentions Theodorus as the maker of the silver crater which Croesus sent to Delphi (1.51), and of the celebrated ring of Polycrates (3.41). Now we learn from Herodotus that the silver crater was already at Delphi when the temple was burnt, in Ol. 58. 1, B. C. 548; and Polycrates was put to death in Ol. 64. 3, B. C. 522. Again, with respect to his identity, for this, as well as his date, is a point to be ascertained; in both passages Herodotus makes Theodorus a Samian, and in the latter he calls him the son of Telecles; in both it is implied that he was an artist of high reputation; and, in the former, Herodotus expressly states that he believed the tradition which ascribed the crater to Theodorus, because the work did not appear to be of a common o
le of Megara Hyblaea, whom he is known to have visited, and for whom one of his elegies was composed, as is proved by internal evidence. From his own poems also we learn that, besides Sicily, he visited Euboea and Lacedaemon, and that in all these places he was hospitably received (vv. 783, foll.). The circumstances which led him to wander from his native city will presently appear. The time at which Theognis flourished is expressly stated by several writers as the 58th or 59th Olympiad, B. C. 548 or 544. (Cyrill. ad v. Julian. i. p. 13a., vii. p. 225c.; Euseb. Chron. ; Suid. s. v.). It is evident, from passages in his poems, that he lived till after the commencement of the Persian wars, B. C. 490. These statements may be reconciled, by supposing that he was about eighty at the latter date, and that he was born about B. C. 570. (Clinton, F. H. s. a. 544.) Cyril (l.c.) and Suidas (s. v. *Fwknli/dhs) make him contemporary with Phocylides of Miletus. Works Both the life and writings