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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 4 4 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 586 BC or search for 586 BC in all documents.

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asty, the Pharaoh-Hophra of Scripture (lxx. *Ouafrh=), the Vaphres of Manetho, succeeded his father Psammuthis, B. C. 596. The commencement of his reign was distinguished by great success in war. He conquered Palestine and Phoenicia, and for a short time re-established the Egyptian influence in Syria, which had been overthrown by Nebuchadnezzar. He failed, however, to protect his ally Zedekiah, king of Jerusalem, from the renewed attack of Nebuchadnezzar, who took and destroyed Jerusalem. (B. C. 586.) About the same time, in consequence of the failure of an expedition which Apries had sent against Cyrene, his army rebelled and elected as king Amasis, whom Apries had sent to reconcile them. The crueltyof Apries to Patarbemis, whom he had sent to bring back Amasis, and who had failed in the attempt, exasperated the principal Egyptians to such a degree, that they deserted him, leaving him only to the protection of an auxiliary force of 30,000 Greeks. With these and the few Egyptians who
Eche'mbrotus (*)Exe/mbrotos), an Arcadian flute-player (au)lw|do/s), who gained a prize in the Pythian games about Ol. 48. 3 (B. C. 586), and dedicated a tripod to the Theban Heracles, with an inscription which is preserved in Pausanias (10.7.3), and from which we learn that he won the prize by his melic poems and elegies, which were sung to the accompaniment of the flute. [L.
t on Lycophron's resolution, and even his father's entreaties, that he would recede from his obstinacy and return home, called forth from him only the remark that Periander, by speaking to him, had subjected himself to the threatened penalty. Periander then sent him away to Corcyra; but, when he was himself advanced in years, he summoned him back to Corinth to succeed to the tyranny, seeing that Cypselus, his elder son, was unfit to hold it from deficiency of understanding. The summons was disregarded, and, notwithstanding a second message to the same effect, conveyed by Lycophron's sister, and backed by her earnest entreaties, he persisted in refusing to return to Corinth as long as his father was there. Periander then offered to withdraw to Corcyra, if Lycophron would come home and take the government. To this he assented; but the Corcyraeans, not wishing to have Periander among them, put Lycophron to death, probably about B. C. 586. (Hdt. 3.50-53; D. L. 1.94, 95; comp. Paus. 2.28.)
the masters who established at Sparta the second great school or style (kata/stasis) of music, of which Thaletas was the founder, as Terpander had been of the first. His age is marked and his eminence is attested by the statement of Pausanias (10.7.3), that he gained the prize for fluteplaying at the first of the musical contests which the Amphictyons established in connection with the Pythian games (Ol. 47. 3, B. C. 590), and also at the next two festivals in succession (Ol. 48. 3, 49. 3, B. C. 586, 582). From the manner, however, in which his name is connected with those of Polymnestus and Alcman, in several passages, and perhaps too from the cessation of his Pythian victories, we may infer that these victories were among the latest events of his life. Pausanias elsewhere (2.22.9) speaks of these Pythian victories as having appeased the anger against the music of the flute, which Apollo had conceived on account of his contest with Silenus (comp. MAR SYAS). Plutarch, relating the sam