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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 5 5 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 1 1 Browse Search
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Aristotle, Politics, Book 1, section 1252b (search)
dHes. WD 405. was right when he wrote First and foremost a house and a wife and an ox for the ploughing— for the ox serves instead of a servant for the poor. The partnership therefore that comes about in the course of nature for everyday purposes is the ‘house,’ the persons whom CharondasA law-giver of Catana in Sicily, 6th century B.C. or earlier. speaks of as ‘meal-tub-fellows’ and the Cretan EpimenidesA poet and prophet invited to Athens 596 B.C. to purify it of plague. as ‘manger-fellows.’The variant reading o(moka/pnous, ‘smoke-sharers,’ seems to mean ‘hearth-fellows.’ On the other hand the primary partnership made up of several households for the satisfaction of not mere daily needs is the village. The village according to the most natural account seems to be a colony fromPerhaps the Greek should be altered to give ‘consists of colonies from.’ a household, fo
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
A'ntheas Li'ndius (*)Anqe/as), a Greek poet, of Lindus in Rhodes, flourished about B. C. 596. He was one of the earliest eminent composers of phallic songs, which he himself sung at the head of his phallophori. (Athen. 10.445.) Hence he is ranked by Athenaeus (l.c.) as a comic poet, but this is not precisely correct, since he lived before the period when comedy assumed its proper form. It is well observed by Bode (Dram. Dichtkunst. ii. p. 16), that Antheas, with his comus of phallophori, stands in the same relation to comedy as Arion, with his dithyrambic chorus, to tragedy. (See also Dict. of Ant. s. v. Comoedia.) [P.
A'pries *)Apri/hs, (*)Apri/as), a king of Egypt, the 8th of the 26th (Saite) dynasty, the Pharaoh-Hophra of Scripture (lxx. *Ouafrh=), the Vaphres of Manetho, succeeded his father Psammuthis, B. C. 596. The commencement of his reign was distinguished by great success in war. He conquered Palestine and Phoenicia, and for a short time re-established the Egyptian influence in Syria, which had been overthrown by Nebuchadnezzar. He failed, however, to protect his ally Zedekiah, king of Jerusalem, from the renewed attack of Nebuchadnezzar, who took and destroyed Jerusalem. (B. C. 586.) About the same time, in consequence of the failure of an expedition which Apries had sent against Cyrene, his army rebelled and elected as king Amasis, whom Apries had sent to reconcile them. The crueltyof Apries to Patarbemis, whom he had sent to bring back Amasis, and who had failed in the attempt, exasperated the principal Egyptians to such a degree, that they deserted him, leaving him only to the protect
hen he had already arrived at an advanced age. He was looked upon by the Greeks as a great sage and as the favourite of the gods. The Athenians who were visited by a plague in consequence of the crime of Cylon [CYLON], consulted the Delphic oracle about the means of their delivery. The god commanded them to get their city purified, and the Athenians sent out Nicias with a ship to Crete to invite Epimenides to come and undertake the purification. Epimenides accordingly came to Athens, about B. C. 596 or Olymp. 46, and performed the desired task by certain mysterious rites and sacrifices, in consequence of which the plague ceased. The grateful Athenians decreed to reward him with a talent and the vessel which was to carry him back to his native island. But Epimenides refused the money, and only desired that a friendship should be established between Athens and Cnossus. Whether Epimenides died in Crete or at Sparta, which in later times boasted of possessing his tomb (D. L. 1.115), is un
Psammis (*Ya/mmis), king of Egypt, succeeded his father Necho in B. C. 601, and reigned six years. He carried on war against Ethiopia, and died immediately after his return from the latter country. He was succeeded by his son Apries in B. C. 596 or 595. (Hdt. 2.159-161.) In consequence of the shortness of his reign and his war with the Ethiopians, his name does not occur in the writers of the Old Testament, like those of his father and son. Herodotus is the only writer who calls him Psammis. Manetho calls him Psammûthis, and Rosellini and Wilkinson make him Psametik II. (Bunsen, Aegpytens Stelle in der Weltgesehictde, vol. iii. p. 13
ought forward. The decision was in favour of the Athenians. Solon himself, probably, was one of those who received grants of land in Salamis, and this may account for his being termed a Salaminian. (D. L. 1.45.) The authority of Herodotus (1.59, comp. Plnt. Sol. 8) seems decisive as to the fact that Solon was aided in the field as well as in the agora by his kinsman Peisistratus. The latter, however, must have lived to a great age, if he died in B. C. 527, and yet served in the field about B. C. 596, or even earlier. Soon after these events (about B. C. 595; see Clinton, Fasti Hellen. s. a.) Solon took a leading part in promoting hostilities on behalf of Delphi against Cirrha, and was the mover of the decree of the Amphictyons by which war was declared. It does not appear however what active part he took in the war. We would willingly disbelieve the story (which has no better authority than Pausanias, 10.37 § 7. Polyaenus, Strateg. 6.13, makes Eurylochus the author of the stratagem)