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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 601 BC or search for 601 BC in all documents.

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Egypt, B. C. 610. In the fourth year of the reign of Jehoiakim, B. C. 606, Nebuchadnezzar attacked Carchemish, defeated Necho, who had marched thither to meet him, and, advancing onward with uninterrupted success, reduced to subjection all the country between "the river of Egypt" and the Euphrates. He would appear also to have invaded Egypt itself. From this period certainly Necho made no effort to recover what he had lost, if we except a preparation for war with Babylon (B. C. 603, the third year of Jehoiachim), which was soon abandoned in fear. In B. C. 601, Necho died after a reign of sixteen years, and was succeeded by his son Psammis or Psammuthis (Hdt. 2.158, 159, 4.42; Larch. ad ll. cc.; Diod. 1.33; Wess. ad loc.; Strab. i. p.56, xvii. p. 804; Plin. Nat. 6.29; J. AJ 10.5, 6; 2 Kings 23.29, &c., 24.7; 2 Chron. 35.20, &c., 36.1-4 ; Jerem. xlvi.; comp. Heeren, African Nations, vol. ii. pp. 374, 389, &c.; Bunsen, Aegyptens Stelle in der Weltgeschichte, vol. iii. p. 141, &c.) [E.E]
Psammis (*Ya/mmis), king of Egypt, succeeded his father Necho in B. C. 601, and reigned six years. He carried on war against Ethiopia, and died immediately after his return from the latter country. He was succeeded by his son Apries in B. C. 596 or 595. (Hdt. 2.159-161.) In consequence of the shortness of his reign and his war with the Ethiopians, his name does not occur in the writers of the Old Testament, like those of his father and son. Herodotus is the only writer who calls him Psammis. Manetho calls him Psammûthis, and Rosellini and Wilkinson make him Psametik II. (Bunsen, Aegpytens Stelle in der Weltgesehictde, vol. iii. p. 13