（*)Astua/ghs), king of Media, (called by Ctesias *)Astui+ga=s, and by Diodorus *)Aspa/das), was the son and successor of Cyaxares.
The accounts of this king given by Herodotus, Ctesias, and Xenophon, differ in several important particulars. We learn from Herodotus (1.74), that in the compact made between Cyaxares and Alyattes in B. C. 610, it was agreed that Astyages should marry Aryenis, the daughter of Alyattes.
According to the chronology of Herodotus, he succeeded his father in B. C. 595, and reigned 35 years. (1.130.) His government was harsh. (1.123.) Alarmed by a dream, he gave his daughter Mandane in marriage to Cambyses, a Persian of good family. (1.107.) Another dream induced him to send Harpagus to destroy the offspring of this marriage.
The child, the future conqueror of the Medes, was given to a herdsman to expose, but he brought it up as his own. Years afterwards, circumstances occurred which brought the young Cyrus under the notice of Astyages, who, on inquir