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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 3 3 Browse Search
Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Antigone 2 2 Browse Search
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Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Antigone, Introduction (search)
haps more than thirty years of the poet's life. The priority of the Antigone admits of a probable explanation, which is not without interest. There is some ground for thinking that the subject—though not the treatment—was suggested by Aeschylus. The sisters Antigone and Ismene are not mentioned byEarliest trace of the story. Homer, Hesiod, or PindarSalustius, in his Argument to this play (p. 5), notices that the fortunes of the sisters were differently related by other writers. Mimnermus (c. 620 B.C.) spoke of Ismene having been slain at Thebes by Tydeus, one of the Argive chiefs. Ion of Chios (c. 450 B.C.) said that both sisters were burned in the Theban temple of Hera by Laodamas, son of Eteocles, when Thebes was taken in the later war of the Epigoni. Here, then, we have an Ionian contemporary of Sophocles who did not know the legend of Antigone's deed,—another indication that the legend was of Attic growth.. Antigone's heroism presupposes a legend that burial had been refused to P<
Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Antigone, Hypotheses (search)
in conflicting ways, are ‘discrepant’: a late use of the word, which cannot be deduced from the older, though rare, active use of stasia/zw (th\n po/lin, etc.) as ‘to involve in party strife.’ *)/iwn Of Chios, the poet and prose-writer, flor. circ. 450 B.C. His dithyrambs are occasionally mentioned (schol. on Aristoph. Pax 835 and on Apollon. Rhod. 1. 1165): it is probably from them that Athenaeus quotes (35 E): but only a few words remain. *mi/mnermos Of Smyrna, the elegiac poet, flor. circ. 620 B.C. *qeoklume/nw| The only persons of this name in Greek mythology seem to be the soothsayer in the Odyssey (Od. 15.256 etc.), and a son of Proteus (Eur. Helen 9): Wecklein suggests *)eteo/klw|, an Argive who was one of the seven leaders against Thebes (O. C. 1316 n.). ce/nws i.e. in a way foreign to the version followed by Sophocles. a)gxo/nh| Eurydice kills herself with a sword (1301). Possibly a)gxo/nh| should follow a)po/llutai in l. 11 (cp. Arg. III. l. 10 a)polome/nh| a)gxo/nh|): but