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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 63 BC or search for 63 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Lentulus or Lentulus Spinther (search)
from his resemblance to the actor Spinther, and it was remarked as curious, that his colleague in the consulship, Metellus Nepos, was like Pamphilus, another actor. (Plin. Nat. 7.10; V. Max. 9.14.4.) Caesar commonly calls him by this name (B. C. 1.15, &c.): not so Cicero; but there could be no harm in it, for he used it on his coins when pro-praetor in Spain, simply to distinguish himself from the many of the same family (Eckhel, l.c.); and his son bore it after him. He was curule aedile in B. C. 63, the year of Cicero's consulship, and was entrusted with the care of the apprehended conspirator, P. Lent. Sura (No. 18). His games were long remembered for their splendour; but his toga, edged with Tyrian purple, gave offence. (Sal. Cat. 47; Cic. de Off. 2.16; Plin. Nat. 9.63, 36.12, (7).) He was praetor in B. C. 60: at the Apollinarian games he, for the first time, drew an awning over the theatre (carbasina vela, Plin. Nat. 19.6), and ornamented the scenes with silver. (V. Max. 2.4.6.) By
n easily understand why the father should depart on this occasion from the usual Roman practice of giving his own praenomen to his eldest son. Since Aemilius Paullus undoubtedly belonged to the family of the Lepidi, and not to that of the Paulli, he is inserted in this place and not under PAULLUS. Aemilius Paullus did not follow the example of his father, but commenced his public career by warmly supporting the aristocratical party. His first public act was the accusation of Catiline in B. C. 63, according to the Lex Plantia de vi, an act which Cicero praised as one of great service to the state, and on account of which Paullus incurred the hatred of the popular party. He must then have been quite a young man, for he was not quaestor till three years afterwards; and it was during his quaestorship in Macedonia, in B. C. 59, under the propraetor C. Octavius, that he was accused by L. Vettius as one of the persons privy to the pretended conspiracy against the life of Pompey. He is men
in the forum boarium, two Greeks and two Gauls, in accordance with the commands of the Sibylline books. This history of Licinia's crimes is of some importance, since it shows us that, even as early as this time, the Roman ladies of the higher orders had already begun to be infected with that licentious profligacy which was afterwards exhibited with such shamelessness by the Messallinas and Faustinas of the empire. (Dio Cass. Fr. 92; Oros. 5.15; Plut. Quaest. Rom. p. 284b.; Ascon. ad Cic. Mil. 12, p. 46, ed. Orelli; Cic. de Nat. Deor. 3.30, Brut. 43; Obsequ. 97; Liv. Epit. 63.) The vestal virgin Licinia, with whom the triumvir M. Crassus was accused of having had intercourse (Plut. Crass. 1), must have been a different person from the preceding, as M. Crassus was not born before B. C. 114. She may perhaps have been the same as the vestal virgin Licinia, the relation of L. Murena, who was of assistance to the latter in his canvass for the consulship, in B. C. 63. (Cic. pro Mur. 35.73.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Longi'nus, Ca'ssius 17. L. Cassius Longinus, of unknown descent, probably the same as the L. Cassius whom Cicero names among the judges of Cluentius (pro Cluent. 38), was, along with Cicero, one of the competitors for the consulship for the year B. C. 63. At the time he was considered to be rather deficient in abilities than to have any evil intentions; but a few months afterwards he was found to be one of Catiline's conspirators, and the proposer of the most dreadful measures. He undertook to set the city on fire; and he also carried on the negotiation with the ambassadors of the Allobroges, but was prudent enough not to give them any written document under his seal, as the others had done. He left Rome before the ambassadors, and accordingly escaped the fate of his comrades. He was condemned to death in his absence, but whether he was apprehended and executed afterwards we do not know. (Ascon. in Tog. Cand. p. 82, ed. Orelli; Appian, App. BC 2.4; Sal. Cat. 17, 44, 50; Cic. Cat. 3.4,
Lucceius 4. L. Lucceius, Q. F. the historian, was an old friend and neighbour of Cicero. His name frequently occurs at the commencement of Cicero's correspondence with Atticus, with whom Lucceius had quarrelled for some reason or another. Cicero attempted to reunite his two friends, but Lucceius was so angry with Atticus that he would not listen to any overtures. It appears that M. Sallustius was in some way or other involved in the quarrel. (Cic. ad Aft. 1.3.3, 5.5, 10.2, 11.1, 14.7) In B. C. 63 Lucceius accused Catiline, after the latter had failed in his application for the consulship. The speeches which he delivered against Catiline, were extant in the time of Asconius, who characterises Lucceius as an orator, paractus eruditusque (Ascon. in Tog. Cand. pp. 92, 93, ed. Orelli). In B. C. 60 he became a candidate for the consulship, along with Julius Caesar, who agreed to support him in his canvass, on the understanding that Lucceius, who was very wealthy, should promise money to t
at the war was ended, and the services of Polybius were not wanted, upon which Polybius returned to the Peloponnesus. (Polyb. lib. xxxvii. ed. Bekker.) The fact of Manilius the jurist having been consul is stated by Pomponius, and he must therefore have been the consul of B. C. 149, for there is no other to whom all the facts will apply. Cicero (Brutus, ]6) remarks that the elder Cato died in the consulship of L. Marcius and M. Manilius, eighty-six years before his own consulship, which was B. C. 63. Cicero, in another passage in the Brutus (100.28), speaks of M. Manilius as possessing some oratorical power, and makes him the contemporary of various orators of the period of the Gracchi. The propriety of Manilius and Scipio being introduced in the De Re Publica appears from the fact that Scipio served under Manilius and his colleague in the campaign of B. C. 149, and Manilius bore testimony to the great services of Scipio (Appian, Punic. 105), who was afterwards appointed to conduct the
Ma'nlius 3. C. Manlius, the commander of Catiline's troops in Etruria, in B. C. 63, is more correctly named C. Mallius. [MALLIUS.]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marcellus Clau'dius 28. M. Claudius Marcellus, an associate and friend of Catiline, and one of those who took part in his conspiracy, B. C. 63. On the discovery of their designs, he endeavoured to get up an insurrection among the Pelignians; but this was quickly suppressed by the praetor, L. Bibulus, and Marcellus himself put to death. (Cic. in Cutil. 1.8; Oros. 6.6.)
Menalippus *Mena/lippos, (an equivalent form to *Mela/nippos), an architect, probably of Athens, who, in conjunction with the Roman architects, C. and M. Stallius, was employed by Ariobarzanes II. (Philopator), king of Cappadocia, to restore the Odeum of Pericles, which had been burnt in the Mithridatic war, in Ol. 173, 3, B. C. 86-5. The exact date of the restoration is unknown; but Ariobarzanes reigned from B. C. 63 to about B. C. 51. (Böckh, Corp. Insc. vol. i. No. 357; Vitr. 9. 1.) [P.S
Messalla 6. M. Valerius Messalla, M. F. M. N., with the agnomen NIGER, was praetor in the year of Cicero's consulship, B. C. 63, and consul in 61, the year in which Clodius profaned the mysteries of the Bona Dea, and Cn. Pompey triumphed for his several victories over the Cilician pirates, Tigranes and Mithridates. Messalla, as consul, took an active part in the prosecution of Clodius, and tried to elicit from Pompey a public avowal of his opinion and intentions. Cicero's character of Messalla (ad Att. 1.14.6) must be regarded as a mere party-sketch, heightened by the feelings and circumstances of the time at which it was drawn. Messalla was censor in B. C. 55. a member of the college of pontifices (pseudo-Cic. Harusp. Resp. 6), and a respectable orator. (Cic. Brut. 70.) In B. C. 80 he was engaged in collecting evidence for the defence in the cause of Sextus Roscius of Ameria (id. pro Seat. Rose. 51); in 62 he solicited Cicero to undertake the defence of his kinsman, P. Sulla (id. pro
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