hide Matching Documents

The documents where this entity occurs most often are shown below. Click on a document to open it.

Document Max. Freq Min. Freq
View all matching documents...

Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 63 BC or search for 63 BC in all documents.

Your search returned 109 results in 96 document sections:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ...
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
rse than inefficient. He directly fomented the insubordination in the legions of Lucullus by issuing, soon after his arrival in Asia, a proclamation releasing Lucullus's soldiers from their military obedience to him, and menacing them with punishment if they continued under his command. (App. Mith. 90.) Lucullus resigned part of his army to Glabrio (Cic. pro Leg. Man. 9), who allowed Mithridates to ravage Cappadocia, and to regain the greater portion of the provinces which the Romans had stripped him of. (Dio Cass. l.c.) Glabrio was himself superseded by Cn. Pompey, as soon as the Manilian law had transferred to him the war in the East. In the debate on the doom of Catiline's accomplices in December, B. C. 63, Glabrio declared in favour of capital punishment, before the speech of Cato determined the majority of the senate (Cic. Att. 12.21), and he approved generally of Cicero's consulship (Phil. 2.5). He was a member of the college of pontiffs in B. C. 57. (Har. Resp. 6, ad Q.fr. 2.1.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
en'nia Gens originally Samnite (Liv. 9.3; Appian, Samnit. 4.3), and by the Samnite invasion established in Campania (Liv. iv, 37, 7.38, 39.13), became at a later period a plebeian house at Rome. (Cic. Brut. 45, ad Att. 1.18, 19; Sall. Hist. ii. ap. Gell. 10.20; Liv. 23.43.) The Herennii were a family of rank in Italy. They were the hereditary patrons of the Marii. (Plut. Mar. 5.) Herennius was a leading senator of Nola in Campania (Liv. 23.43); and M. Herennius was decurio of Pompeii about B. C. 63. (Plin. Nat. 2.51.) From a coin (see below), from the cognomen Siculus (V. Max. 9.12.6), and the settlement of an Herennius at Leptis as a merchant (Cic. in Verr. 1.5, 5.59)), one branch at least of the family seems to have been engaged in commerce (Macr. 3.6 ; Serv. ad Aen. 8.363), especially in the Sicilian and African trade, and in the purchase and exportation of the silphium--ferula Tingitana -- (Sprengel, Rei Herbar. p. 84), from Cyrene. (Plin. Nat. 19.3.) The Herennii appear for the f
Here'nnius 10. M. Herennius, decurio of Pompeii, about B. C. 63. Shortly before the conspiracy of Catiline, Herennius was killed by lightning from a cloudless sky. This was accounted a prodigy in augural law, and the death of Herennius was reckoned among the portents which announced the danger of Rolme from treason. (Plin. Nat. 2.51.)
, Hortensius took a leading part in supporting the optimates against the rising power of Pompey. He opposed the Gabinian law, which invested that great commander with absolute power on the Mediterranean, in order to put down the pirates of Cilicia (B. C. 67); and the Manilian, by which the conduct of the war against Mithridates was transferred from Lucullus (of the Sullane party) to Pompeius (B. C. 66). In favour of the latter, Cicero made his first political speech. In the memorable year B. C. 63 Cicero was unanimously elected consul. He had already become estranged from the popular party, with whom he had hitherto acted. The intrigues of Caesar and Crassus, who supported his opponents C. Antonius and the notorious Catiline, touched him personally; and he found it his duty as consul to oppose the turbulent measures of the popular leaders, such as the agrarian law of Rullus. Above all, the conspiracy of Catiline, to which Crassus was suspected of being privy, forced him to combine wi
s, for a time, made preparations for resistance. But when Pompey returning victorious from his campaign against the Nabathaean Arabs, entered Judaea at the head of his army, he abandoned all hopes of defence, and surrendered himself. into the hands of the Roman general. The Jews, however, refused to follow his example: they shut the gates of Jerusalem, and prepared to hold out the last; nor was it till after a long and arduous siege, that Pompey was able to make himself master of the city, B. C. 63. After his victory, the conqueror reinstated Hyrcanus in the high-priesthood, with the authority, though not the name, of royalty. (J. AJ 13.16, 14.1-4, B. J. 1.5-7; D. C. 37.15, 16; Diod. xl. Exc. Vat. p. 128.; Oros. 6.6.; Euseb. Arm. p. 94.) Hyrcanus, though supported by the powerful aid of Rome, and the abilities of Antipater, did not long enjoy his newly recovered sovereignty in quiet: Alexander, one of the sons of Aristobulus, who had been carried prisoner to Rome by Pompey, made h
Juba I. (*)Io/bas), king of Numidia, was son of Hiempsal, who was re-established on the throne by Pompey. [HIEMPSAL, No. 2.] (D. C. 41.41; Suet. Jul. 71.) We hear little of him during his father's lifetime, but Cicero incidentally mentions him in one of his orations as early as B. C. 63 (De Leg. Agrar. Or. 2.22), and in the following year we find him at Rome, whither he had probably been sent by his father, to support their cause against a Numidian named Masintha, on which occasion a violent altercation took place between him and Caesar, then praetor. (Suet. Jul. 71.) On the death of Hiempsal, Juba succeeded to all the power and privileges enjoyed by his father, whose authority appears to have extended not only over all Numidia but over many of the Gaetulian tribes of the interior (Hirt. B. Afr. 56), a circumstance which probably gave rise to the absurd exaggeration of Lucan, who represents him (4.670) as ruling over the whole of Africa, from the pillars of Hercules to the temple of A
Ju'lia 2. A daughter of L. Julius Caesar [CAESAR, No. 9] and Fulvia. She married M. Antonius Creticus [ANTONIUS, No. 9], and, after his death, P. Lentulus Sura. who was executed B. C. 63, as an accomplice of Catiline. By Antonius she had three sons, Marcus, afterwards the triumvir, Caius, and Lucius. Plutarch (Plut. Ant. 2) represents Julia as an exemplary matron, and Cicero (in Cat. 4.6) styles her "femina lectissima." But neither in her husbands nor her children was Julia fortunate. Antonius lived a prodigal, and died inglorious; and Lentulus, by his bad example, corrupted his step-sons. Her sons, especially Marcus, who was not her favourite (Cic. Phil. 2.24), involved her in the troubles of the civil wars. While he was besieging Dec. Brutus in Mutina, B. C. 43, Julia exerted her own and her family's influence in Rome to prevent his being outlawed by the senate (App. BC 3.51), and after the triumvirate was formed, she rescued her brother, L. Julius Caesar [CAESAR, No. 11], from her
Labie'nus 2. T. Labienus was tribune of the plebs in B. C. 63, the year of Cicero's consulship; and, under pretence of avenging his uncle's death, as is mentioned above, he accused Rabirius of perduellio. The real reason, however, of his undertaking this accusation was to please Julius Caesar, whose motives for bringing the aged Rabirius to trial have been mentioned elsewhere. [CAESAR, p. 541.] Rabirius was defended by Cicero, who was then exerting himself to please the senatorial party, and who consequently speaks of the tribune with great contempt, and heaps upon him no measured terms of abuse. Being entirely devoted to Caesar's interests, Labienus introduced and carried a plebiscitum, repealing the enactment of Sulla, which gave the college of pontiffs the power of electing its members by co-optation, and restoring to the people the right of electing them. It was in consequence of this new law that Caesar obtained the dignity of pontifex maximus this year. (D. C. 37.26, 27, 37; Sue
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Laeca, M. Po'rcius 2. a senator and a leading member of the Catilinarian conspiracy. It was at his house that the conspirators met in November, B. C. 63. (Sal. Cat. 17, 37; Cic. in Cat. 1.4, 2.16, pro Sull. 2, 18; Flor. 4.1.3.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Lentulus or Lentulus Sura (search)
nd a prophecy of the Sibylline books was applied by flattering haruspices to him. Three Cornelii were to rule Rome, and he was the third after Sulla and Cinna; the twentieth year after the burning of the capitol, &c., was to be fatal to the city. (Cic. in Cat. 3.4, 4.1, 6; Sal. Cat. 47.) * That many fictitious oracles were current after the burning of the capitol is clear from Tac. Ann. 6.12; comp. Suet. Oct. 31. To gain power, and recover his place in the senate, he became praetor again in B. C. 63. (Sall. B. C. 17, 46, &c.) When Catiline left the city for Etruria, Lentulus remained as chief of the home-conspirators, and his irresolution probably saved the city from being fired. (Sal. Cat. 32, 43 ; Cic. in Cat. 3.4, 7, 4.6, Brut. 66, &c.; comp. CETHEGUS, 8.) For it was by his over-caution that the negotiation with the ambassadors of the Allobroges was entered into; and these unstable allies revealed the secret to the consul Cicero, who directed them to feign compliance with the conspi
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ...