hide Matching Documents

The documents where this entity occurs most often are shown below. Click on a document to open it.

Document Max. Freq Min. Freq
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 3 3 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
View all matching documents...

Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 644 BC or search for 644 BC in all documents.

Your search returned 3 results in 3 document sections:

Panta'leon 2. Son of Omphalion, was king or tyrant of Pisa in Elis at the period of the 34th Olympiad (B. C. 644), assembled an army, with which he made himself master of Olympia, and assumed by force the sole presidency of the Olympic games on that occasion. The Eleans on this account would not reckon this as one of the regular Olympiads. (Paus. 6.21.1, 22.2.) We learn also from Strabo that Pantaleon assisted the Messenians in the second Messenian war (Strab. viii. p.362), which, according to the chronology of Pausanias, followed by Mr. Clinton, must have been as much as thirty years before; but C. O. Müller and Mr. Grote regard the intervention of Pantaleon as furnishing the best argument for the real date of the war in question. (Clinton, F. H. vol. i. p. 188; Müller's Dorians, vol. i. p. 171; Grote's Greece, vol. ii. p. 574
Polymnestus (*Polu/mnhstos), or POLYMNASTUS, the son of Meles of Colophon, was an epic, elegiac, and lyric poet, and a musician. He flourished not long after Thaletas, in honour of whom he made a poem at the request of the Spartans (Paus. 1.14.3), and earlier than Alcman, who mentioned him (Plut. Mus. p. 1133a). It seems, therefore, that he was in part contemporary with both these poets, and the period during which he flourished may be roughly stated at B. C. 675-644. He belongs to the school of Dorian music, which flourished at this time at Sparta, where he carried on the improvements of Thaletas. He cultivated the orthian nomes, and invented a new kind of auloedic nome, which was named after him, *Polumnh/stion (Plut. de Mus. pp. 1132-1135 ; Suid. s.v. Hesych. s. v. *Polumnh/stion a)/|dein). The Attic comedians attacked his poems for their erotic character. (Aristoph. Kn. 1287; Cratinus, apud Schol. ibid.) As an elegiac poet, he may be regarded as the predecessor of his fellow-coun
usually is, about B. C. 670 instead of 700. The statement of Hieronymus (Ath. l.c.) that Terpander was contemporary with Lycurgus, is perhaps only another form of the tradition that the laws of Lycurgus were aided by the music and poetry of Terpander and Tyrtaeus, which has evidently no chronological significance. On the other hand, Phanias made Terpander later than Archilochus (Clem. Alex. l.c.), and the chronologers place his musical reform at Ol. 33, 2, B. C. 647 (Euseb.) or Ol. 34. 1, B. C. 644. (Marm. Par. Ep. 34). Lastly, we are told that Terpander was victorious in the musical contest at four successive Pythian festivals ; but there is abundance of evidence to prove that these Pythian musical contests were not those established by the Amphictyons in Ol. 48. 3, but some which had existed long before, and which were celebrated, according to Müller, every eight years, a circumstance which throws doubt on the number of Terpander's victories. (See Müller, Dor. b. 4.6.2; Grote, Hist