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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 36 36 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 3 3 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Wars in Spain (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER XVI (search)
rge army, created a senate of his own friends after the manner of the Roman Senate, and marched towards Rome full of confidence and high courage, for he had been renowned for valor elsewhere. The Senate in great alarm sent against him their most famous generals, first Cæcilius Metellus with a large army, and then Pompey with another army, in order to repel if possible this war from Italy, which was terribly distracted with Y.R. 682 civil strife. But Sertorius was murdered by Perpenna, one B.C. 72 of his own partisans, who proclaimed himself general of the faction in place of Sertorius. Pompey slew Perpenna in battle, and so this war, which had greatly alarmed the Romans, came to an end; but I shall speak of this more particularly in my account of the civil wars of Sulla. Y.R. 693 After the death of Sulla, Gaius Cæsar was sent as prætor into Spain with power to make war wherever it was needful. All of those Spaniards who were doubtful in their allegiance, or had not yet s
Appian, Mithridatic Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER XI (search)
raft although his friends tried to dissuade him. The pirates landed him safely at Sinope. From that place he was towed to Amisus, whence he sent appeals to his son-in-law, Tigranes the Armenian, and his son, Machares, the ruler of the Cimmerian Bosporus, that they should hasten to his assistance. He ordered Diocles to take a large quantity of gold and other presents to the neighboring Scythians, but Diodes took the gold and the Y.R. 682 presents and deserted to Lucullus. Lucullus moved to B.C. 72 the front with the prestige of victory, subduing everything in his path and subsisting on the country. Presently he came to a rich district, exempt from the ravages of war, where a slave was sold for four drachmas, The metallic equivalent of the drachma was 9¾d. English money. an ox for one, and goats, sheep, clothing, and other things in proportion. Lucullus laid siege to Amisus and also to Eupatoria, which Mithridates had built alongside of Amisus Another geographical error. Am
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White), THE CIVIL WARS, CHAPTER XIII (search)
ous manner against the towns that adhered to Sertorius, drew many away from him, assaulted others, and were much elated by their success. No great battle was fought, but again Schweighäuser detects a lacuna here which he fills with the words "there were skirmishes here and there." . . . until the following year, when they advanced again even more audaciously. Sertorius was now Y.R. 682 evidently misled by a god, for he relaxed his labors, fell B.C. 72 into habits of luxury, and gave himself up to women, and to carousing and drinking, for which reason he was defeated continually. He became hot-tempered, from various suspicions, and extremely cruel in punishment, and distrustful of everybody, Plutarch represents Sertorius as temperate, unassailable by either pleasure or fear, and "very sparing and backward in punishing offenders." (Life of Sertorius, 10.) so much so that Perpenna, who had belonged to the
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White), THE CIVIL WARS, CHAPTER XIV (search)
ny deserters offered themselves to him, but he would not accept them. The consuls again met him in the country of Picenum. Here was another great battle and then, too, a great defeat for the Romans. Spartacus changed his intention of marching on Rome. He did not consider himself ready as yet for that kind of a fight, as his whole force was not suitably armed, for no city had joined him, but only slaves, deserters, and riff-raff. However, he occupied the B.C. 72 mountains around Thurii and took the city itself. He prohibited the bringing in of gold or silver by merchants, and would not allow his own men to acquire any, but he bought largely of iron and brass and did not interfere with those who dealt in these articles. Supplied with abundant material from this source his men provided themselves with plenty of arms and continued in robbery for the time being. When they next came to an engagement with the Romans they
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK III., CHAPTER V. (search)
he Romans in their war against Sertorius in Spain, and Balbus thus had an opportunity for distinguishing himself. He served under the Roman generals Q. Mettellus Pius, C. Memmius, and Pompey, and was present at the battles of Turia and Sucro. He distinguished himself so much throughout the war, that Pompey conferred the Roman citizenship upon him, his brother, and his brother's sons and this act of Pompey was ratified by the law of the consuls, Cn. Cornelius Lentulus and L. Gellius, B. C. 72. It was probably in honour of these consuls that Balbus took the Gentile name of the one, and the prænomen of the other. It was for this Balbus that Cicero made the defence which has come down to us. The reason which induced Strabo to notice, as something remarkable, that Balbus had received the honours of a triumph, we learn from Pliny, who, noticing the victories which he had gained over the Garamantes and other nations of Africa, tells us he was the only person of foreign extraction w
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VI., CHAPTER IV. (search)
the people who inhabit the countries on the hither side of the DanubeIster. and the Kisil-IrmakThe ancient Halys. had been effected. The Iberians, and Kelts, and all the rest who are subject to the Romans, shared a similar fate, for the Romans never rested in the subjugation of the land to their sway until they had entirely overthrown it: in the first instance they took Numantia,In the year B. C. 133. and subdued Viriathus,In the year B. C. 140. and afterwards vanquished Sertorius,B. C. 72. and last of all the Cantabrians,The inhabitants of Biscay. who were brought to subjection by Augustus Cæsar.B. C. 19. Likewise the whole of Gaul both within and beyond the Alps with Liguria were annexed at first by a partial occupation, but subsequently divus Cæsar and then Augustus subdued them completely in open war, so that nowAbout A. D. 17 or 18. the Romans direct their expeditions against the Germans from these countries as the most convenient rendezvous, and have already adorned
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Friends and foes. (search)
declaring from that time open war, while the second asserts that Gellius had broken the bond of friendship with Catullus by becoming a lover of Lesbia. In c. 80.1 the youth of Gellius is indicated, and in all the series except c. 116 he is charged with various abhorrent crimes. The most acceptable suggestion of his identity was originally made by Pantagathus († 1578), who judged him to be that son of L. Gellius Publicola (consul 72 B.C.) who is said by Valerius Maximus (V. 9.1) to have been accused before the senate of in novercam (cf. c. 88.1, etc.) commissum stuprum et parricidium cogitatum. This younger Gellius was himself consul in 36 B.C., and his age therefore also accords with the intimations of Catullus. The patruus of c. 74 is identified by some critics with the Gellius Publicola attacked by Cicero in Pro Sestio 51.
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., chapter 10 (search)
judices) tribuni militares:at this time legion-commanders. non judicabunt, will not serve as jurors. subsortiemur,i.e. we shall draw another to fill his place. This is the regular use of sub in similar compounds: as suffectus, subrogatus etc. prope toto: the jury, therefore, apparently consisted of about twelve or fifteen. Nonae, etc.: it was, therefore, about 3 P.M. of the 5th of August. votivos: these games were in celebration of Pompey's victory over the Marian party in Spain (B.C. 72). The votive games would occupy from Aug. 16 to Sept. I (August had at this time only 29 days); On Sept. 4 began the Ludi Romani, continuing till the 19th. The intervening days (Sept. 2, 3) were of no account for the trial, so that it could not be resumed before Sept. 20, a suspension of 34 days (prope quadraginta). The Ludi Victoriae (established by Sulla in honor of his victory) would continue from Oct. 27 to Nov. I, and the Ludi Plebeii, from Nov. 4 to Nov. 17. All these games were sacre
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., chapter 13 (search)
on account of the smallness of the bribe for which he was condemned, saying that it was not respectable (honestum) to condemn an ex-praetor for so small a sum. The allusion shows that the corruption was notorious and universal. HS triciens:3,000,000 sestertii = $150,000 (nearly); § 634 (379); G. p. 493; H. 757 (647, iv, I); H.-B. 675, 2. praetorium:an ex-magistrate kept the rank of the highest office he had held,—as consularis, praetorius, aedilicius. P. Septimio (Scaevola), condemned B.C. 72; the damages were increased because of his connection with the odious consilium Junianum (sect. 29). The amount extorted was estimated in a separate process (litis aestimatio), and in this case the money taken in bribery was included in the reckoning. inventi sintrepresents an hist. perf., and hence takes the secondary sequence (exirent): see § 485, j (287, i); cf. B. 268, 7, b; G. 517, R.l; H.-B. 479, a. sortiente:the jurymen were drawn by lot by the presiding officer; in the case men
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., Chapter 4 (search)
in the charges What then can he do to make this horrible case, the most abominable of the crimes of Verres sufficiently impressive? There is but one thing left to do he will tell the bare facts, which need no eloquence to emphasize them. rem (emphat.), the bare facts. in medio, before you. in illo numero Cicero has been describing the treatment of a number of fugitives from the insurrectionary army of Sertorius in Spain who had made their way to Sicily after the death of Sertorius, B.C. 72, and the overthrow of his faction by Pompey lautumiis, the stone pits (ancient quarries) at Syracuse used as a prison. Messanam (now (Messina) the point of Sicily nearest Italy Messana founded as a Greek colony in the eighth century B.C., was at this time one of the very few privileged towns (civitates foederatae) of Sicily. It was specially favored by Verres, and, according to Cicero, was an accomplice of his iniquities. Fig. 15 shows a representation of the pharos (lighthouse) of Mes
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