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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 51 51 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Sicily and the Other Islands (ed. Horace White), Fragments (search)
and 5000 horse.Cf. Livy, xxvi. 30. FROM PEIRESC Marcellus was in such bad odor that nobody would trust him except under oath, for which reason, when the Tauro-menians gave themselves up to him, he made an agreement and confirmed it with an oath, that he would not station any guard in their city nor require the inhabitants to serve as soldiers. FROM "THE EMBASSIES" Y.R. 680 The island of Crete seemed to be favorably disposed B.C. 74 towards Mithridates, king of Pontus, from the beginning, and it was said that they furnished him mercenaries when he was at war with the Romans. It is believed also that they recommended to the favor of Mithridates the pirates who then infested the sea, and openly assisted them when they were pursued by Marcus Antonius. When Antonius sent legates to them on this subject, they made light of the matter and gave him a disdainful answer. Antonius forthwith made war against them, and although he di
Appian, Mithridatic Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER X (search)
ngth were from Asia. From Europe he drew of the Sarmatian tribes, both the Basilidæ and the Jazyges, the Coralli, and those Thracians who dwelt along the Danube and on the Rhodope and Hæmus mountains, and besides these the Bastarnæ, the bravest nation of all. Altogether Mithridates recruited a fighting force of about 140,000 foot and 16,000 horse. A great crowd of road-makers, baggage-carriers, and sutlers followed. Y.R. 680 At the beginning of spring Mithridates made trial B.C. 74 of his navy and sacrified to Zeus Stratius in the customary manner, and also to Poseidon by plunging a chariot with white horses into the sea. Then he hastened against Paphlagonia with his two generals, Taxiles and Hermocrates, in command of his army. When he arrived there he made a speech to his soldiers, eulogistic of his ancestors and still more so of himself, showing how his kingdom had grown to greatness from small beginnings, and how his army had never been defeated by the Romans when he
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White), THE CIVIL WARS, CHAPTER XIII (search)
. 75 about 5000 of Perpenna's army. The day after this battle Sertorius, with a large reënforcement of barbarians, attacked the camp of Metellus unexpectedly towards evening with the intention of besieging it with a trench, but Pompey hastened up and caused Sertorius to desist from his bold enterprise. In this way they passed the summer, and again they separated to winter quarters. Y.R. 680 The following year, which was in the 176th Olympiad, B.C. 74 two countries were acquired by the Romans by bequest. Bithynia was left to them by Nicomedes, and Cyrene by Ptolemy Apion, of the house of the Lagidæ. There were wars and wars; the Sertorian was raging in Spain, the Mithridatic in the East, that of the pirates on the entire sea, and another one around Crete against the Cretans themselves, besides the gladiatorial war in Italy, which started suddenly and became very serious. Although distracted by so ma
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 5 (search)
Bithyniae: this territory had been bequeathed to the Roman republic by Nicomedes III, B.C. 74. Ariobarzanis: king of Cappadocia, which had been overrun by Mithridates. Lucullum: Lucullus was related to both branches of the family of Metellus, and had married Clodia, sister of the notorious Publius Clodius. It was chiefly this mischievous demagogue, who was serving as one of his officers, that stirred up the dissensions and mutinies which robbed Lucullus of the fruits of his victories. discedere, is on the point of withdrawing. huic qui successerit, his successor, Glabrio. non satis paratum, not adequately furnished—an understatement: Glabrio had shown himself thoroughly incompetent, but Cicero was on good terms with him. This was the Glabrio who had presided over the court in the case of Verres. socus, i.e. Asiatics. civibus, Romans engaged in business in Asia. imperatorem (in pred. appos. with unum), as commander.
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 20 (search)
potest (emphatic position), etc., it may be said, i.e. in answer to the preceding arguments: of course, in order to justify the wisdom of so exceptional a measure as the Manilian Law, it was necessary to show that the war was of sufficient gravity to require the appointment of Pompey. Observe the skillful transition from the genus of the war to its magnitudo. belli genus, i.e. the war, in its character. elaborandum est: use the personal construction in translating. ornatas, equipped; instructas, organised. obsessam, invested; oppugnatam, attacked (by the active operations of siege): the verb besiege includes both ideas. This was B.C. 74.
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 26 (search)
tamen, i.e. though the defeat was so disastrous. potuisset: subj. of characteristic; the cont. to fact idea which is also contained in the word would not have required the subj.; § 522, a (311, c); B. 304,3; G. 597, a.3, a; H. 583 (511, I, N.1); H-B. 582, 3,a. vestro jussu, i.e. by the Gabinian Law (see Introd., p. 66). imperi: the military imperium could be extended after the term of office by the Senate. The holder of a command thus extended (prorogatum) was called proconsul or propraetor. In this case Lucullus had now held command seven years, from B.C. 74. conjungant, etc.: this sums up the considerations already urged as to the magnitude of the war (from sect. 23). integrae, fresh (cf. p.76, ll.20, 21).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, MARS, ARA (search)
Gesu, and the temple much further north, perhaps halfway between Montecitorio and the Piazza Borghese. (For an elaboration of these views, see CP 1908, 65-74; and for the subject in general, HJ 475-477; Rosch. ii. 2389-2390; WR 142-146; Gilb. i. 289-290; iii. 143, 145; for a fanciful interpretation of Liv. xxxv. 10. 12, see BC 1906, 209-223.) Anti maintains that the well-known frieze in Paris and Munich (Ant. Denk. iii. 12; SScR 10-14), generally supposed to have been set up by Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus near the circus Flaminius, really belongs to a monument dedicated at this altar by a censor who had special reasons for devotion to Neptune-therefore, probably, P. Servilius Isauricus, who triumphed over the Cilician pirates in 74 B.C., and as censor in 55-54 B.C. carried out a new terminatio of the banks of the TIBER (q.v.). See Atti d. Inst. Veneto lxxxiv. (1924-5), 473-483; YW 1924-5, 85; SScR 416; Weickert in Festschrift f. Paul Amdt (1925) 48 ff.; Mon. Piot xvii. (x910), 147-157.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, TRIBUNAL AURELIUM (search)
TRIBUNAL AURELIUM a tribunal, or platform, evidently named after some Aurelius, in the forum, which is mentioned four times by Cicero in connection with a levy of slaves in 58 B.C. (pro Sest. 34, in Pis. 11: pro tribunali Aurelii; de domo 54, post red. ad Quir. 13: in tribunali Aurelii). In two other passages Cicero speaks of gradus Aurelii, once in connection with the trial of C. Iunius in 74 B.C. (pro Clu. 93: gradus illi Aurelii tur novi quasi pro theatro illi iudicio aedificati videbantur; quos ubi accusator concitatis hominibus complerat, non modo dicendi ab reo, sed ne surgendi quidem potestas erat), and again in 59 B.C. (pro Flacc. 66: hoc nimirum est illud quod non longe a gradibus Aurelii haec causa dicitur). These gradus, being new (novi), were probably built by M. Aurelius Cotta, consul in that year (74), and as they were occupied by those in attendance upon the jury trials, gradus and tribunal probably belonged together. Either the terms were used without distinct
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
xtends the Pomerium, 393; work in Forum, 233: pavement of Clivus Capitolinus, 122: of Clivus Palatinus, 124: of Clivus Victoriae, 126: of Lacus Curtius, 31: of House of Vestals, 59: Rostra, 451, and equestrian statue near them, 500; restores Temple of Hercules Custos, 252: Temple of Hercules Sullanus, 256. 80Curia restored, 143. 78Tabularium, 506. Basilica Aemilia decorated and restored, 72. Branch of Cloaca Maxima, 127. 74Gradus Aurelii (?) (Tribunal Aurelium), 540. 69Capitoline Temple re-dedicated, 299. 63Statue on Capitol moved, 49. 62Cicero buys hbuse of Marcus Crassus, 175. Temple of Aesculapius frescoed and rebuilt soon after, 2. Pons Fabricius built, 400. 62-27Pons Cestius, 282, 399. 61(after). Arch of Pompey for victory over Mithradates, 43. 60(ca.). Platform of Temple of Aesculapius on Tiber island decorated, 282. (ca.). Horti Luculliani, 268. 58Shrine of Diana destroyed, 150. 56Fornix Fabianus
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XLII: ad familiares 16.11 (search)
erbissime crudelissimeque dixit, ita maxime ab inimicis Caesaris collaudatur, and according to Dio Cassius 41.3 the consul Lentulus went so far as to summon them u(pecelqei=n pri\n ta\s yh/fous dienexqh=nai. The principle that the tribune could not be held responsible for his official acts seems to have been first called into question in the year 98 B.C. , in the case of C. Furius, who had been tribune in the preceding year, and similar prosecutions occurred in the years 94 B.C. , 86 B.C. , 74 B.C. , 66 B.C. , and 65 B.C. (cf. Herzog, 1.1167 ff.; Madvig, Verf. u. Verw. 1.467). The case before us would seem to have been the first instance when an attempt was made to hold a tribune accountable during his term of office. As Caesar puts it, de sua salute septimo die (of the calendar year) cogitare coguntur, B. C. 1.5. Cf. also Appian, Bell. Civ. 2.33. Cicero's words, therefore, nulla vi expulsi, while technically true, misrepresent the real state of the case. It was this infringement
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