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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VI., CHAPTER III. (search)
ty, or by the RomansB. C. 209.
when they took it by force and sacked it. Amongst other
booty taken on this occasionIt is said the pictures and statues taken on this occasion were nearly
as numerous as those found at Syracuse. was the brazen colossus of Hercules, the work of Lysippus, now in the Capitol, which was
dedicated as an offering by Fabius Maximus, who took the
Antiochus, speaking of the foundation of this city, says
that after the Messenian warThat which commenced about 743 B. C. such of the Lacedæmonians as
did not join the army were sentenced to be slaves, and denominated Helots; and that such as were born during the
period of the war they termed Partheniæ, and decreed to be
base: but these not bearing the reproach, (for they were
many,) conspired against the free citizens,I have here translated toi=s tou= dh/mou and oi( tou= dh/mou by free
citizens. Several notes have been written on the exact meaning of the
words, but I am not satisfied that we underst
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VIII., CHAPTER IV. (search)
mmon festival, and performed sacrifices; but after
the violation of the virgins, the Messenians did not make any
reparation, and war, it is said, ensued. The Limnæan temple of
Diana at Sparta is said to have its name from the Limnæ here.
There were frequent wars (between the Lacedæmonians
and Messenians) on account of the revolts of the Messenians.
Tyrtæus mentions, in his poems, that their first subjugation
was in the time of their grandfathers;The first war dates from the year B. C. 743, and continued 20 years.
The second, beginning from 682 B. C., lasted 14 years; the third concluded in the year 456 B. C., with the capture of Ithome, which was the
citadel or fort of Messene. Diod. Sic. lib. xv. c. 66. the second, when in
conjunction with their allies the Eleians [Arcadians], Argives, and Pisatæ, they revolted; the leader of the Arcadians
was Aristocrates, king of Orchomenus, and of the Pisatæ,
Pantaleon, son of Omphalion. In this war, Tyrtæus says, he