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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Ptolemaeus Soter (search)
ater period (in B. C. 94) we find Ptolemy again taking part in the civil wars which followed the death of Antiochus Grypus, and setting up Demetrius Eucaerus, the youngest son of that monarch, as a claimant to the throne. (J. AJ 13.13.4.) After the death of Cleopatra and the expulsion of Alexander in B. C. 89 [PTOLEMAEUS IX.], Ptolemy Lathyrus was recalled by the Alexandrians and established anew on the throne of Egypt, which he occupied thenceforth without interruption till his death in B. C. 81 (Just. 39.5; Porphyr. l.c. p. 116). The most important event of this period was the revolt of the once mighty city of Thebes, in Upper Egypt, which was still powerful enough to hold out for nearly three years against the arms of Ptolemy, but at the end of that time was taken and reduced to the state of ruin in which it has ever since remained (Paus. 1.9.3). With this exception the eight years of the second reign of Ptolemy Lathyrus appear to have been a period of internal tranquillity, whil
er Cleopatra for safety to the island of Cos, probably as early as B. C. 102 (see J. AJ 13.13.1), where he remained till the year B. C. 88, when that island was taken by Mithridates the Great. On this occasion Alexander fell into the hands of the conqueror, who treated him with the utmost distinction, and retained him at his own court. But the young prince soon after found an opportunity to escape, and took refuge with Sulla, whom He accompanied on his return to Rome. Here he remained till B. C. 81, when the death of Ptolemy Lathyrus without male issue having left the throne of Egypt vacant, Sulla, who was then dictator, nominated the young Alexander (who had obtained a high place in his favour) king of Egypt, and sent him to take possession of the crown. It was, however, agreed, in deference to the claims of Cleopatra Berenice, the daughter of Lathyrus, whom the Alexandrians had already placed on the throne, that Alexander should marry her, and admit her to share the sovereign power.
Publi'cius 5. L. Publicius, an intimate friend of Sex. Naevius, and a slave-dealer, mentioned by Cicero in B. C. 81. (Cic. pro Quint. 6.)
Qui'ntius 2. P. Quintius, the person whom Cicero detended in B. C. 81. The oration in his behalf is still extant.
Etruria, was likewise acquainted with the event. He learnt that the property whlich Roscius had left behind him was considerable, consisting of not less than thirteen farms, lying for the most part on the Tiber, as well as of ready money and other valuables. Forthwith a bargain was struck between Chrysogonus and the two Roscii; and the name of Sextus was placed on the proscription list, notwithstanding an edict of Sulla, that none of the proscribed should be pursued after the first of June, B. C. 81. But as the name of Sextus was now on the list, his property was confiscated; Capito obtained three of the farms, and the remaining ten were purchased by Chrysogonus for 2000 denarii, though they were worth in reality 250 talents; and Magnus was likewise well rewarded for his share in the business. Such a barefaced act of villany excited the utmost indignation at Ameria. The decuriones of the town accordingly sent ten of the principal citizens to Sulla to acquaint him with the real state of
P. Sca'pula a usurer, to whom C. Quintius owed money, B. C. 81. (Cic. pro Quint. 4.
d absolute power over the lives and fortunes of all the citizens. This was towards the close of B. C. 81. Sulla's great object in being invested with the dictatorship was to carry into execution in a olishing the republic, and consequently he caused consuls to be elected for the following year, B. C. 81, and was elected to the office himself in B. C. 80, while he continued to hold the dictatorship. At the beginning of the following year, B. C. 81, Sulla celebrated a splendid triumph on account of his victory over Mithridates. In a speech which he delivered to the people at the close of the gProscriptis. By this law it was enacted that all proscriptions should cease on the 1st of June, B. C. 81. The lex Valeria, which conferred the dictatorship upon Sulla, gave him absolute power over the is, from the end of B. C. 82 to B. C. 79, and most of them in all probability during the years B. C. 81 and 80. It is impossible to determine in what order they were proposed, nor is it material to d
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Thermus, Minu'cius 4. M. Minucius Thermus, propraetor in B. C. 81, accompanied L. Murena, Sulla's legate, into Asia. Thermus was engaged in the siege of Mytilene, and it was under him that Julius Caesar served his first campaign, and gained his first laurels (Suet. Cacs. 2). [CAESAR, p. 539b.]. This Thermus has frequently been confounded with No. 3; but it must be observed that they were in Asia at different times, and moreover that No. 3 must have been an adherent of Marius, while No. 4 belonged to Sulla's party. (Comp. Drumann, Geschichte Roms, vol. iii. p. 132, note 96.)
Titi'nius 12. TITINII, are mentioned among the people of property proscribed by Sulla and murdered by Catiline in B. C. 81. (Q. Cic. de Pet. Cons. 100.2.)
Trebe'llius 3. M. Trebellius, a friend of Sex. Naevius, B. C. 81. (Cic. pro Quint. 5.
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