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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 33 33 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 3 3 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 91 BC or search for 91 BC in all documents.

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veto of his colleagues, Caepio interrupted the voting by force of arms, and thus prevented the law from being carried. He was accused in consequence of treason (majeslas), and it was perhaps upon this occasion that T. Betucius Barrus spoke against him. The oration of Caepio in reply was written for him by L. Aelius Praeconinus Stilo, who composed orations for him as well as for other distinguished Romans at that time. (Auct. ad Herenn. 1.12; Cic. Brut. 46, 56.) In the contests of the year B. C. 91, Caepio deserted the cause of the senate and espoused that of the equites in opposition to the lex judiciaria of the tribune M. Livius Drusus, who proposed to divide the judicia between the senate and the equites. Caepio and Drusus had formerly been very intimate friends, and had exchanged marriages, by which we are to understand, that Caepio had married a sister of Drusus and Drusus a sister of Caepio, and not that they had exchanged wives, as some modern writers would interpret it. The en
Caesar 17. Sex. Julius Caesar, C. F., son of No. 14, and the uncle of the dictator, was consul in B. C. 91, just before the breaking out of the Social war. (Plin. Nat. 2.83. s. 85, 33.3. s. 17; Eutrop. 5.3 ; Flor. 3.18; Oros. 5.18; Obsequ. 114.) The name of his grandfather is wanting in the Capitoline Fasti, through a break in the stone; otherwise we might have been able to trace further back the ancestors of the dictator. This Sex. Caesar must not be confounded, as he is by Appian (App. BC 1.40), with L. Julius Caesar, who was consul in B. C. 90, in the first year of the Social war. [See No. 9.] The following coin, which represents on the obverse the head of Pallas winged, and on the reverse a woman driving a two-horse chariot, probably belongs to this Caesar.
ve the Roman franchise. Carbo distinguished himself greatly as an orator, and though according to Cicero he was wanting in acuteness, his speeches were always weighty and carried with them a high degree of authority. We still possess a fragment of one of his orations which he delivered in his tribuneship, and which Orelli (Onom. Tull. ii. p. 440) erroneously attributes to his father. [No. 2.] In this fragment (Cic. Orat. 63) he approves of the death of M. Livius Drusus, who had been murdered the year before, B. C. 91. Cicero expressly states, that he was present when the oration was delivered, which shews incontrovertibly, that it cannot belong to C. Papirius Carbo, the father, who died long before Cicero was born. He 'yas murdered in B. C. 82, in the curia Hostilia, by the praetor Brutus Damasippus [BRUTUS, No. 19], one of the leaders of the Marian party. (Cic. pro Arch. 4, Brut. 62, 90, Ad Fam. 9.21, De Orat. 3.3; Schol. Bobiens. p. 353, ed. Orelli; Vell. 2.26; Appian, App. BC 1.88.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Cato Uticensis or the Younger Cato or Cato the Younger (search)
n socii were now seeking the right of Roman citizenship, and Q. Pompaedius Silo was endeavouring to enlist Drusus on their side. Silo playfully asked Cato and his halfbrother Q. Caepio if they would not take his part with their uncle. Caepio at once smiled and said he would, but Cato frowned and persisted in saying that he would not, though Silo pretended that he was going to throw him out of the window for his refusal. This story has been doubted on the ground that, as Drusus lost his life B. C. 91, Cato could not have been more than four years old, and consequently was not of an age to form an opinion on public affairs at the time when it is stated to have occurred. This criticism will be appreciated at its due value by those who understand the spirit of the anecdote. and know the manner in which little boys are commonly addressed. After the death of Drusus, Cato was placed under the charge of Sarpedon, who found him difficult to manage, and more easily led by argument than authori
Censori'nus 3. C. Marcius Censorinus, one of the leading men of the Marian party, is first mentioned as the accuser of Sulla on his return from Asia in B. C. 91. (Plut. Sull. 5.) He entered Rome together with Marius and Cinna in B. C. 87, and took a leading part in the massacres which then ensued. It was Censorinus who killed the consul Octavius, the first victim of the proscription; he cut off his head and carried it to Cinna, who commanded it to be hung up on the rostra. Censorinus shared in the vicissitudes of the Marian party, and took an active part in the great campaign of B. C. 82, which established the supremacy of Sulla. He had the command of one of the Marian armies, and is first mentioned as suffering a defeat from Pompey near Sena. He was afterwards sent with eight legions by the consul Carbo to relieve the younger Marius, who was kept besieged at Praeneste; but on his march thither, he was attacked from an ambush by Pompey, and was compelled after considerable loss to tak
been living at Rome under the protection of Lucullus ever since B. C. 102, and seems to have communicated a temporary enthusiasm for his own pursuits to his pupil, most of whose poetical attempts belong to his early youth. In his sixteenth year (B. C. 91) Cicero received the manly gown, and entered the forum, where he listened with the greatest avidity to the speakers at the bar and from the rostra, dedicating however a large portion of his time to reading, writing, and oratorical exercises. At nd attractive form, diselmbarrassed of the formal stiffness and dry technicalities of the schools. (Ad Fam. 1.9, ad Att. 4.16.) The conversations, which form the medium through which instruction is conveyed, are supposed to have taken place in B. C. 91, immediately before the breaking out of the Social war, at the moment when the city was violently agitated by the proposal of the tribune M. Livius Drusus, to grant to the senators the right of acting in common with the equites as judices on cr
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Cotta, Aure'lius 9. C. Aurelius Cotta, brother of No. 8, was born in B. C. 124, and was the son of Rutilia,. He was a friend of the tribune M. Livius Drusus, who was murdered in B. C. 91; and in the same year he sued for the tribuneship, but was rejected, and a few months afterwards went into voluntary exile to avoid being condemned by the lex Varia, which ordained that an inquiry should be made as to who had either publicly or privately supported the claims of the Italian allies in their demand of the franchise. Cotta did not return to Rome till the year B. C. 82, when Sulla was dictator, and in 75 he obtained the consulship, together with L. Octavius. In that year he excited the hostility of the optimates by a law by which he endeavoured to raise the tribuneship from the condition into which it had been thiown by Sulla. The exact nature of this law, however, is not certain. (Cic. Fragm. Cornel. p. 80 ed. Orelli, with the note of Ascon. ; Sallust, Hist. Fragm. p. 210, ed. Gerlach.) A
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
us Brutus the Accuser. [BRUTUS, No. 14.] Brutus, in allusion to his fine house and effeminate manners, called him the Palatine Venus, and taunted him with political inconsistency for depreciating the senate in his speech for the Narbonese colony, and flattering that body in his speech for the lex Servilia. The successful repartee of Crassus is well known from being recorded by Cicero (Cic. de Orat. 2.54, pro Cluent. 51) and Quintilian (6.3.44). His last speech was delivered in the senate in B. C. 91, against L. Marcius Philippus, the consul, an enemy of the optimates. Philippus, in opposing the measures of M. Livius Drusus, imprudently asked how, with such a senate, it was possible to carry on the government of the commonwealth. Crassus fixed upon this expression, and on that day seemed to excel himself in the vehemence of his assault upon the consul. Philippus was so irritated by his bitter words, that he ordered his lictor to seize some of the goods of Crassus by way of pledge,--a st
Cu'rius 2. M'. Curius, is known only through a lawsuit which he had with M. Coponius about an inheritance, shortly before B. C. 91. A Roman citizen, who was anticipating his wife's confinement, made a will to this effect, that if the child should be a son and die before the age of maturity, M'. Curious should succeed to his property. Soon after, the testator died, and his wife did not give birth to a son. M. Coponius, who was the next of kin to the deceased, now came forward, and, appealing to the letter of the will, claimed the property which had been left. Q. Mucius Scaevola undertook to plead the cause of Coponius, and L. Licinius Crassus spoke for Curius. Crassus succeeded in gaining the inheritance for his client. This trial (Curiana causa), which attracted great attention at the time, on account of the two eminent men who conducted it, is often mentioned by Cicero. (De Orat. 1.39, 56, 57, 2.6, 32, 54, Brut. 39, 52, 53, 73, 88, pro Caecin. 18, Topic. 10.)
o survived Drusus. (Liv. Epit. lxxiii.) As Cato of Utica was born B. C. 95 (Plut. Cat. Mi. 2, 3, 73; Liv. Epit. 114; Sallust. Catil. 54), and as Drusus, who died B. C. 91, survived his sister, we must suppose, unless her first marriage was to Caepio, that an extraordinary combination of events was crowded into the years B. C. 95-991 : viz. 1st. the birth of Cato; 2nd. the death of his father; 3rd. the second marriage of Livia; 4th. the births of at least three children by her second husband; 5th. her death; 6th. the rearing of her children in the house of Drusus; 7th. the death of Drusus. Q. Servilius Caepio was the rival of Drusus in birth, fortune, and d by bribery and corrupt influence. The recent unjust condemnation of Rutilius Rufus had weakened the senate and encouraged the violence of the equites, when, in B. C. 91, Drusus was made tribune of the plebs in the consulate of L. Marcius Philippus and Sex. Julius Caesar. (Flor. l.c.) Under the plea of an endeavour to strengthe
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