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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 20 20 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 3 3 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 95 BC or search for 95 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Antiochus Cyzicenus (search)
Antiochus Ix. or Antiochus Cyzicenus (*)Anti/oxos), king of SYRIA surnamed CYZICENUS (*Kuzikhno/s) from Cyzicus, where he was brought up, and on coins Philopator (*Filopa/twr), reigned over Coele-Syria and Phoenicia from B. C. 111 to 96, as is stated in the preceding article. On the death of his brother, Antiochus VIII., he attempted to obtain possession of the whole of Syria; but his claims were resisted by Seleucus, the eldest son of Antiochus VIII.,by whom he was killed in battle, B. C. 95. He left behind him a son, Antiochus Eusebes, who succeeded to the throne. (Justin, Appian, Joseph. ll. cc.; Eckhel, iii. p. 241, &c.) The reverse of the foregoing coin is the same as that of Antiochus VI
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Eusebes (search)
Anti'ochus X. or Anti'ochus Eusebes (*)Anti/oxos), king of SYRIA, surnamed EUSEBES (*Eu)se/bhs), and on coins. Philopator (*Filopa/twr) also, succeeded to the throne on the death of his father Antiochus IX. B. C. 95. He defeated Seleucus, who conquered his father, and compelled him to fly into Cilicia, where he perished; but he then had to contend with the next two brothers of Seleucus, Philip and Antiochus Epiphanes, the latter of whom assumed the title of king, and is known as the eleventh king of Syria of this name. In a battle fought near the Orontes, Antiochus X. defeated Philip and Antiochus XI., and the latter was drowned in the river. The crown was now assumed by Philip, who continued to prosecute the war assisted by his brother, Demetrius Eucaerus. The Syrians, worn out with these civil broils, offered the kingdom to Tigranes, king of Armenia, who accordingly took possession of Syria in B. C. 83, and ruled over it till he was defeated by Lucullus in B. C. 69. The time of the
aid to have escaped the slaughter. It was one of the most complete defeats which the Romans had ever sustained and the day on which it happened, the 6th of October, became one of the black days in the Roman calendar, (Dio Cass. Frag. xcviii. xcix. pp. 41, 42; Liv. Epit 67 ; Oros. 5.16; Sal. Jug. 114; Flor. 3.3; Tac. Germ. 37; Vell. 2.12; V. Max. 4.7.3 ; Plut. Mar. 19, Sertor. 3, Lucull. 27.) Caepio survived the battle, but was deprived of the imperium by the people. Ten years afterwards (B. C. 95) he was brought to trial by the tribune C. Norbanus on account of his misconduct in this war, and although he was defended by the orator L. Licinius Crassus, who was consul in that year (Cic. Brut. 44), and by many others of the Roman aristocracy, he was condemned and his property confiscated. He himself was cast into prison, where according to one account he died, and his body, mangled by the common executioner, was afterwards exposed to view on the Gemonian steps. (V. Max. 6.9.13.) But ac
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Cato Uticensis or the Younger Cato or Cato the Younger (search)
M. Po'rcius Cato or Cato Uticensis or the Younger Cato or Cato the Younger 9. M. Porcius Cato, son of No. 6 by Livia, great-grandson of Cato the Censor, and surnamed Uticensis from Utica, the place of his death, was born B. C. 95. In early childhood he lost both his parents, and was brought up in the house of his mother's brother, M. Livius Drusus, along with his sister Porcia and the children of his mother by her second husband, Q. Servilius Caepio. While yet of tender age, he gave token of a certain sturdy independence. The Italian socii were now seeking the right of Roman citizenship, and Q. Pompaedius Silo was endeavouring to enlist Drusus on their side. Silo playfully asked Cato and his halfbrother Q. Caepio if they would not take his part with their uncle. Caepio at once smiled and said he would, but Cato frowned and persisted in saying that he would not, though Silo pretended that he was going to throw him out of the window for his refusal. This story has been doubted on the gr
eding year the office of censor. This venerable statesman is represented as having retired to his villa at Tusculum during the celebration of the Roman games, in order that he might collect his thoughts and brace up his energies for the grand struggle which was soon to decide the contest. He was accompanied to his retirement by two youths of high promise, C. Ameilius Cotta (consul B. C. 75) and P. Sulpicius Rufus, and there joined by his father-in-law and former colleague in the consulship (B. C. 95), Q. Mucius Scaevola, renowned for his profound knowledge of civil law, and by his friend and political ally, M. Antonius (consul B. C. 99), whose fame as a public speaker was little if at all inferior to that of Crassus himself. The three consular sages having spent the first day in reflections upon politics and the aspect of public affairs, unbend themselves on the second by the introduction of literary topics. The whole party being stretched at ease under the shadow of a spreading plane,
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Cotta, Aure'lius 8. L. Aurelius Cotta, was tribune of the people in B. C. 95, together with T. Didius and C. Norbanus. When the last of them brought for ward an accusation against Q. Caepio, Cotta and Didius attempted to interfere, but Cotta was pulled down by force from the tribunal (templum). He must afterwards have held the office of praetor, since Cicero calls him a praetorius. Cicero speaks of him several times, and mentions him as a friend of Q. Lutatius Catulus; he places him among the orators of mediocrity, and states that in his speeches he purposely abstained from all refinement, and gloried in a certain coarseness and rusticity which more resembled the style of an uneducated peasant, than that of the earlier Roman orators. (Cic. de Orat. 2.47, 3.11, 12, Brut. 36, 74).
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
his colleague, Q. Scaevola, gave splendid games, in which pillars of foreign marble were exhibited, and lion fights were introduced. (Cic. de Off. 2.16; Plin. Nat. 36.3, 8.16. s.20.) After being praetor and augur, he became a candidate for the consulship, but he studiously kept away from the presence of his father-in-law, Q Scaevola, the augur, not wishing that one whom he so respected should be a witness of what he considered the degradation of his canvass. (V. Max. 4.5.4.) He was elected, B. C. 95, with his constant colleague, Q. Seaevola, the pontifex maximus, who must be carefully distinguished from the augur of the same name. During their consulship was passed the Lex Licinia Mucia de Civibus regundis, to prevent persons passing as citizens who were not entitled to that character, Vand to compel all who were not citizens to depart from Rome. The rigour and inhospitality of this law seems to have been one of the promoting causes of the social war. (Ascon. in Cic. pro Cornel. ; Cic.
Deio'tarus (*Dhi+o/taros). 1. Tetrarch of Galatia. He is said by Plutarch to have been a very old man in B. C. 54, when Crassus, passing through Galatia on his Parthian expedition, rallied him on his building a new city at his time of life. He must therefore have attained to mature manhood in B. C. 95, the year of the birth of Cato of Utica, whose father's friend he was, and who, we know, was left an orphan at a very early age. (Plut. Crass. 17, Cat. Min. 12, 15; Pseudo-Appian, Parth. p. 136; comp, CATO, p. 647a.) Deiotarus adhered firmly to the Romans in their wars in Asia, and in B. C. 74 defeated in Phrygia the generals of Mithridates. For his services he was honoured by the senate with the title of king, and, probably in B. C. 63, the year of the death of Mithridates, had Gadelonitis and Armenia Minor added to his dominions. Appian, apparently by an oversight, says that Pompey made him tetrarch of Galatia. He succeeded, indeed, doubtless by Roman favour, in encroaching on the ri
Di'dius 3. T. Didius, perhaps a son of No. 2, was tribune of the people, in B. C. 95, with L. Aurelius Cotta. In the disputes arising from the accusation which one of their colleagues brought against Q. Caepio, Didius and Cotta were driven by force from the tribunal. (Cic. de Orat. 2.47; comp. [COTTA, No. 8].)
ato of Utica; for Cato, according to Plutarch (Cato Min. 1) was brought up in the house of his uncle Drusus along with the children of Livia and Caepio, who was then living, and who survived Drusus. (Liv. Epit. lxxiii.) As Cato of Utica was born B. C. 95 (Plut. Cat. Mi. 2, 3, 73; Liv. Epit. 114; Sallust. Catil. 54), and as Drusus, who died B. C. 91, survived his sister, we must suppose, unless her first marriage was to Caepio, that an extraordinary combination of events was crowded into the years B. C. 95-91 : viz. 1st. the birth of Cato; 2nd. the death of his father; 3rd. the second marriage of Livia; 4th. the births of at least three children by her second husband; 5th. her death; 6th. the rearing of her children in the house of Drusus; 7th. the death of Drusus. Q. Servilius Caepio was the rival of Drusus in birth, fortune, and influence. (Flor. 3.17 ) Originally they were warm friends. As Caepio married Livia, the sister of Drusus, so Drusus married Servilia, the sister of Caepio
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