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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AMPHITHEATRUM FLAVIUM (search)
AMPHITHEATRUM FLAVIUM * ordinarily known as the Colosseum, For the name see COLOSSUS NERONIS: it was not transferred to the amphitheatre until after 1000 A.D. (HCh 265, 380, 394, 426; HFP 52; BC 1926, 53-64). built by Vespasian, in the depression between the Velia, the Esquiline and the Caelian, a site previously occupied by the stagnum of Nero's domus Aurea(Suet. Vesp. 9; Mart. de spect. 2. 5; Aur. Vict. Caes. 9. 7). Vespasian carried the structure to the top of the second arcade of the outer wall and of the maenianum secundum of the cavea (see below), and dedicated it before his death in 79 A.D. (Chronogr. a. 354, P. 146). Titus added the third and fourth stories The word used is 'gradus,' which applies to the interior; Vespasian may, Hulsen thinks, have completed a great part of the Corinthian order of the exterior. (ib.), and celebrated the dedication of the enlarged building in 80 with magnificent games that lasted one hundred days (Suet. Titus 7; Cass. Dio lxvi. 25; Hier
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, COLOSSUS NERONIS (search)
flight of steps inside one leg of this huge figure see Mem. Am. Acad. v. 118. Remains of what may be the base on which it stood originally exist under the monastery of S. Francesca Romana. The mention of it in Hemerol. cit., colossus coronatur, is the last in antiquity, and is an interesting record of the persistence in Christian times of a picturesque spring festival celebrated by the sellers of garlands on the Sacra via. The famous saying quoted by Bede (Collect. 1. iii.), ' quamdiu stabit coliseus, stabit et Roma; quando cadet coliseus, cadet et Roma; quando cadet Roma, cadet et mundus,' should be referred, not to the amphitheatre but to the statue, which had no doubt fallen long before (Nissen, Ital. Landeskunde, ii. 538). And the early mediaeval mentions of insula, regio, rota colisei should be similarly explained (Jord. ii. 119, 319, 510). The name was not transferred to the building until about 1000 A.D. This is now Professor Hulsen's view (p. 6, n. 1); see BC 1926, 53-64.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VICUS PANISPERNAE (search)
VICUS PANISPERNAE This name is probably derived from that of an ancient locality (a vicus?) near the church of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna on the Viminal. The name comes into use about l000 A.D.; it was previously, e.g. in Eins. I. II; 5.7; 7. 13, called S. Laurentii in Formoso or ad Formosum, from the name of its founder (HCh 292-293; cf. HJ 376).
Callio'pius In all, or almost all, the MSS. of Terence, known not to be older than the ninth century, we find at the end of each play the words " Calliopius recensui," from whence it has very naturally been inferred, that Calliopius was some grammarian of reputation, who had revised and corrected the text of the dramatist. Eugraphius, indeed, who wrote a commentary upon the same comedian about the year A. D. 1000, has the following note on the word plaudite at the end of the Andria: " Verba sunt Calliopii ejus recitatoris, qui, cum fabulam terminissct elevabat aulaeum sceiiae, et alloqucebatur populum, Vos valete, Vos plaudite sive favete(;" but this notion is altogether inconsistent with the established meaning of recensui. Barth, on the other hand, maintained, that Calliopius was a complimentary epithet, indicating the celebrated Flaccus Albinus or Alcuinus, whom in a MS. life of Willebrord he found designated as "Dominus Albinus magister optimus Calliopicus," i.e. totus a Calliope
s or difficulties as might occur to less instructed Christians in reading the Scriptures, and is usually divided into five books, and 167 chapters. Chapter 136 is an extract from Hippolytus of Thebes [HIPPOLYTUS, No. 3], interpolated, as Cave supposes, by a later hand. This extract inclined Fabricius, who was not disposed to regard it as an interpolation, to place the writer in the eleventh century; and it was probably the same reason which induced Gallandius to assign to the work the date A. D. 1000. But the editor of the last and posthumous volume of the Bibliotheca of Gallandius supports the conclusion of Cave as to the earlier existence of the writer, whom, however, he identifies with Joseph of Tiberias. The materials of the work are chiefly taken from Flavius Josephus, who is once or twice cited by name; and Cave suspects that the work was originally anonymous, and that the name of Josephus indicated, not the author's name, but the source from which he borrowed his statements ;
Macrobius, both of whom frequently discuss kindred subjects; nor by any of the compilers of mythological systems, who might have derived much information from his pages; nor by one out of the host of grammarians, to whom he would have afforded copious illustrations. We find no trace of him until he was discovered by Poggio, about the beginning of the fifteenth century, unless, indeed, he be the " M. Manilius de Astrologia," of whose work Gerbertus of Rheims, afterwards pope Sylvester II. (A. D. 1000), commissions a friend (Ep. 130) to procure a copy. It is true that the resemblance between the production of Manilius and the Mathesis of Julius Firmicus Maternus [FIRMICUS], who flourished under Constantine, is in many places so marked, that we can scarcely doubt that they borrowed from a common original, perhaps the Apotelesmata of Dorotheus of Sidon, or that one of them was indebted to the other. But even if we adopt the latter alternative it is obvious that we must determine the age o
ngent wants, and of camp and garrison equipage, will remain as established by circular, dated July 17, 1863. 2. For each full regiment of infantry and cavalry, of 1000 men, for baggage, camp equipage, &c., 6 wagons. For each regiment of infantry less than 700 men and more than 500 men, 5 wagons. For each regiment of infanFor each battery, to carry its proportion of subsistence, forage, &c., 2 wagons. 4. The supply train for forage, subsistence, quartermaster's stores, &c., to each 1000 men, cavalry and infantry, 7 wagons. To every 1000 men, cavalry and infantry, for small arm ammunition, 5 wagons. To each 1500 men, cavalry and infantry, f1000 men, cavalry and infantry, for small arm ammunition, 5 wagons. To each 1500 men, cavalry and infantry, for hospital supplies, 3 wagons. To each Army Corps, except the Cavalry, for entrenching tools, &c., 6 wagons. To each Corps Headquarters for the carrying of subsistence, forage and other stores not provided for herein, 3 wagons. To each Division Headquarters for similar purpose as above, 2 wagons. To each Brigade H
We were warranted now in believing that Jackson had been victorious, but as we had no information of the enemy's position, or of the strength of the force they had sent against him, it was necessary to march back with great circumspection. After several false alarms, we reached an outpost a little past midnight, wet and chilled to the very bones. Jackson's fight had been a sanguinary one, but the Yankees had been driven back with heavy loss, leaving behind them their dead and wounded, and 1000 of their number as prisoners in our hands. Among their dead were two Generals, one of whom, the famous warrior Phil Kearney, had years before left an arm on one of the battle-fields of Mexico. His body was respectfully taken care of, and sent, with all military honours, into the Federal lines under flag of truce the next day. We pitched our camp in a dense pine-grove near Chantilly, and for the remainder of the night were occupied in drying our drenched garments by the heat of roaring w
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 2: the overture. (search)
after three days resulted in turning the right flank of Lee's army. We had been fighting Gracie's, Ransom's, Wallace's, and Wise's Brigades, of Johnson's Division, under command of General R. H. Anderson, numbering, as by their last morning reports, 6277 officers and men effective for the field. My own brigade in this engagement numbered less than 1700 officers and men. Mitchell's battery and Gregory's and Bartlett's regiments assisting in the final advance added to this number probably 1000 more. Their total loss in this engagement was slight in numbers. The loss in my brigade was a quarter of those in line. My fight was over, but not my responsibilities. The day and the field are ours; but what a day, and what a field! As for the day, behind the heavy brooding mists the shrouded sun was drawing down the veil which shrined it in the mausoleum of vanished but unforgotten years. And for the field: strown all over it were a hundred and fifty bodies of the enemy's dead, and
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 43: the burning of Chambersburg. (search)
per's Ferry) were driven from the field in great disorder, and Hood had taken their place with his division. My brigade, which was on the extreme left, supporting some artillery with which Stuart was operating, and had not been engaged, was sent for by General Jackson and posted in the left of the woods at the Dunkard Church. Hood was also forced back, and then the enemy advanced to this woods-Sumner's corps, which was fresh, advancing on our left flank. My brigade, then numbering about 1000 men for duty, with two or three hundred men of Jackson's own division, who had been rallied by Colonels Grigsby and Stafford, and with an interval of at least one-half a mile between us and any other part of our line, held Sumner-s corps in check for some time, until Green's division, of Mansfield's corps, penetrated into the in- terval in the woods between us and the rest of our line, and I was compelled to move by the flank and attack it. That division was driven out of the woods by my brig
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