. It was also called templum urbis
Romae (Serv. Aen. ii. 227), templum urbis (Amm. Marcell. xvi. 10. 14;
Hist. Aug. Hadr. 19; Cassiod. Chron.), urbis Venerisque templa (Prud.
c. Sym. i. 221), and possibly templum Veneris)*afrodi/sion (Cass. Dio lxxi. 31). (Hist. Aug. trig. tyr. 32).
The plans were drawn by Hadrian himself, and evoked sharp criticism
from his Greek architect, Apollodorus, who is said to have been put to
death in consequence (Cass. Dio lxix. 4). The temple was dedicated
in 135 A.D. (Hieron. loc. cit.; cf. Athen. viii. 63, p. 361, who erroneously
gives the day as the Parilia), but perhaps finished by Antoninus Pius
(Cohen, Hadrian 1420-1423, Pius 698-703, 1074-1076).
In accordance with Roman theory in such matters, it was necessary
to build a separate cella for each goddess, in this case not side by side, but
back to back, that of Venus facing east, and that of Roma west (Prud.
loc. cit.: atque Urbis Venerisque pari se culmine tollunt templa). In
307 the temple was inj