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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 6 6 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or CHOSROES (search)
was at this time torn by civil commotions, which rendered the conquests of Trajan all the easier. In the spring of the following year, A. D. 115, he crossed the Tigris, took Ctesiphon and Seleuceia, and made Mesopotamia, Assyria, and Babylonia, Roman provinces. After these conquests, he sailed down the Tigris to the Persian gulf and the Indian ocean; but during his absence there was a general revolt of the Parthians. He immediately sent against them two of his generals, Maximus and Lusius, A. D. 116, the former of whom was defeated and slain by Chosroes, but the latter met with more success, and regained the cities of Nisibis, Edessa, and Seleuceia, as well as others which had revolted. Upon his return to Ctesiphon, Trajan appointed Parthamaspates king of Parthia, and then withdrew from the country to invade Arabia. Upon the death of Trajan, however, in the following year (A. D. 117), the Parthians expelled Parthanmaspates, and placed upon the throne their former king, Chosroes. But H
known as the Tychaeum, or Temple of Fortune), in the city of Antioch. (Evagr. H. E. 1.16.) Their subsequent removals are uncertain. The martyrdom of St. Ignatius is commemorated by the Romish church on the 1st of Feb.; by the Greek church on the 20th December, the correct anniversary of his martyrdom. The year of Ignatius's death has been much disputed. Many of the best writers (following the Martyrium Ignatii), place it in A. D. 107; but others contend for a later date; some as late as A. D. 116. Works Letters On his way from Antioch to Rome, Ignatius is said to have written seven epistles. These are enumerated both by Eusebius (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 3.46) and Jerome (De Viris Illustr 100.16). The fact of his having written letters, though without specifying either the number or the parties to whom they are addressed, is attested by his contemporary, Polycarp (ad Philipp. 100.13. Vers. Lat.), who collected several and sent them to the Philippians, and some quotations from him ar
quaestor under C. Julius Caesar (B. C. 48) in the Alexandrine war (B. Al. 25; D. C. 42.40), and commanded a fleet which defeated the Egyptian fleet at the Canopic mouth of the Nile. He was rewarded for his services in Caesar's cause by being made a pontifex in the place of P. Cornelius Scipio, and was employed in establishing colonies in Gallia north of the Alps, among which Narbo (Narbonne) and Arelate (Arles) are mentioned; but the colony to Narbo was a supplementum, for it was settled A. D. 116. On the assassination of Caesar he went so far as to propose that the assassins should be rewarded. He was praetor probably in B. C. 42. On the quarrels breaking out among the triumviri he fled to Perusia and joined the consul L. Antonius, who was besieged there B. C. 41. In this year his eldest son Tiberius, the future emperor, was born: his mother was Livia Drusilla, the daughter of Livius Drusus. When Perusia surrendered in the following year, Nero effected his escape to Praeneste and t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
and was in want of Moorish cavalry, Quietus offered his services again of his own accord, and was received with welcome by the emperor. In this war, and still more in the Parthian war, which began in A. D. 114, Quietus gained great distinction, and became one of the favourite generals of Trajan. He took the towns of Nisibis and Edessa, and subdued the Jews, against whom he had been sent. Trajan made him governor of Judaea, and rewarded him still further by raising him to the consulship in A. D. 116 or 117. His name does not appear in the Fasti, and he must, therefore, have been only one of the consules suffecti for the year. The honours conferred upon him by Trajan excited much envy; but so great a favourite was he with the emperor, that there was a report, if we may believe Themistius, that Trajan destined him as his successor. Quietus is represented on Trajan's column at the head of his Moors. After Trajan's death he returned to his native country, but he was suspected by Hadrian o
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Sy'meon HIEROSOLYMITANUS (search)
is bishopric for many years Symeon was put to death for his faith as a Christian, and because he was descended from David. He was a hundred and twenty years old at the time of his martyrdom, which took place during the persecution in the reign of Trajan, and while Atticus, the consular, was governor of Syria. Eusebius, in his Chronicon, places the martyrdom of Symeon in the tenth year of Trajan, the third year of Olympiad 221, in the fourth consulship of Sosius and third of Sura, A. D. 107. Some critics, including Bishop Lloyd of St. Asaph, Dodwell, and Pagi, bring down his death to A. D. 116. Symeon is worshipped as a Saint both by the Latin and Greek Churches, by the former on the 18th of February, by the latter on the 27th of April. He was succeeded in his bishopric by Justus. (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 3.11, 32 ; Hegesippus, apud Euseb. ll. cc. ; Euseb. Chronicon ; Chronicon Paschale; Acta Sanctorum Februar. ad diem xviii. vol. iii. p. 53; Le Quien, Oriens Christian. vol. iii. col. 140.)
Vetus 9. Antistius Vetus, consul under Trajan, A. D. 116, with Aelianus. (Fasti.)