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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VII., CHAPTER VI. (search)
of the opposite side, which afforded such great resources of
wealth, and chose the barren coast.
We have continued our description to Byzantium, because
this celebrated city,The ancient Byzantium, there are grounds for believing, was marked
by the present walls of the Seraglio. The enlarged city was founded by
the emperor Constantine, A. D. 328, who gave it his name, and made it the
rival of Rome itself. It was taken from the Greeks in 1204, by the Venetians under Dandolo; retaken by the Greeks in 1261 under the emperor Michael Palæologus, and conquered by the Turks in 1453. The
crescent found on some of the ancient Byzantine coins was adopted as a
symbol by the Turks. by its proximity to the mouth of the
Euxine Sea, forms a better-known and more remarkable
termination of an account of the coast from the Danube than
Above Byzantium is the nation of the Asti, in whose territory is the city Calybe, which Philip the son of Amyntas
made a settlement for criminals.