Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK I., CHAPTER IV. (search)
rin is the farthest point on the eastern coast. Strabo
probably uses the plural to indicate the capes generally, not confining
himself to those which project a few leagues farther than the rest. Thence to the Caspian Gates, 14,000.
From the Caspian Gates to the Euphrates,The Euphrates at Thapsacus, the most frequented passage; hod. El-Der. 10,000. From
the Euphrates to the Nile, 5000.The Pelusiac mouth of the Nile, now Thineh or Farameh. Thence to the CanopicClose by Aboukir. mouth, 1300. From the Canopic mouth to Carthage,
13,500. From thence to the Pillars at least 8000. Which
make in all 70,800 stadia. To these [he says] should be added the curvature of Europe beyond the Pillars of Hercules,
fronting the Iberians, and inclining west, not less than 3000
stadia, and the headlands, including that of the Ostimii, named
Cabæum,Cape S. Mahé. and the adjoining islands, the last of which, named
Uxisama,Ushant. is distant, according to Pytheas, a three days' sail.
But he add
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK II., CHAPTER V. (search)
e south the land is
well irrigated and fertile.
In the countries situated about 400 stadia south of the
parallel of Alexandria and Cyrene, where the longest day consists of fourteen equinoctial hours, Arcturus passes the zenith,
slightly declining towards the south. At Alexandria at the
time of the equinox the proportion which the gnomon bears
to the shadow is as five to seven.Kramer follows Gosselin in proposing to substitute to|i/a in place of e(pta/. Thus they are south of
Carthage 1300 stadia, that is, admitting that in Carthage at
the time of the equinox the proportion which the gnomon
bears to the shadow is as eleven to seven. This parallel on
the one sideThe west side. passes by Cyrene and the regions 900 stadia
south of Carthage as far as the midst of Maurusia;Algiers and Fez. and on
the other sideThe eastern side. through Egypt,Lower Egypt is intended. Cœlosyria, Upper Syria,
Babylonia, Susiana,Khosistan. Persia,The modern province of Fars. Carmania,Kerman. Upper
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK V., CHAPTER I. (search)
c resembles that portion of Italy bounded by the
Apennines and the two seas, and extending as far as Iapygia
and the isthmus which separates the Gulf of Taranto from
that of Posidonium.The Gulf of Salerno. The greatest breadth of both is about
1300 stadia, and the length not much less than 6000. The
remainder of the country is possessed by the Bruttii, and certain of the Leucani. Polybius tells us, that traversing the
sea-coast on foot from IapygiaCapo di Leuca. to the Strait [of Sicily] tt to Ariminum.
Ariminum, like Ravenna, is an ancient colony of the Ombri.
but both of them have received also Roman colonies. An-
minum has a port and a riverThe Marecchia. of the same name as itself.
From Placentia to Ariminum there are 1300 stadia. About
36 miles above Placentia, towards the boundaries of the kingdom of Cottius, is the city of Ticinum,Pavia. by which flows a riverThe Ticino.
bearing the same name, which falls into the Po, while a little
out of the route are Clasti
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VI., CHAPTER I. (search)
Siculus, some ascribe its origin to Hercules. (Diod. Sic. iv. 24.) Its
ruins are in the early Doric style, with fluted pillars broader at the base
than at the capital. It measured about 132 yards in length, and 66 in
breadth. Its principal entrance opened to the west.
sacred to Juno, formerly rich and filled with many offerings.
But the distances have not been accurately stated. We can
only say that in a general way Polybius reckons 2300Gosselin follows the opinion that Polybius wrote 1300 stadia. stadia
from the straitThe Strait of Sicily. to Lacinium,The modern names of Cape Lacinium, viz. Capo delle Colonne and
Capo Nao, are derived from the remains of the temple, which is still
visible on its summit. and 700 stadia from Lacinium
to the Iapygian promontory. They call this the entrance of
the Gulf of Taranto. The extent of the gulf is considerable,
being 240 miles along the shore. As the chorographer says
.. of 380 .. . to a light person, Artemidorus: wanting also
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VII., CHAPTER V. (search)
the Istri were the first
nation on the Illyrian coast, contiguous to Italy and to the
Carni, and that the present government had advanced the
limits of Italy to Pola,Now celebrated for the remains of a Roman amphitheatre. a city of Istria. These limits are distant about 800 stadia from the recess of the bay. It is the
same distance from the promontory in front of Pola to Ancon,Ancona. keeping HeneticaThe Venetian territory. on the right hand. The whole voyage
along the coast of Istria is 1300 stadia.
Next is the voyage along the coast of the Iapodes, 1000
stadia in extent. The Iapodes are situated on Mount Albius,
which is the termination of the Alps, and is of very great
height. They reach in one direction to the Pannonii and the
Danube, and in another to the Adriatic. They are a warlike
people, but were completely subdued by Augustus. Their
cities are Metulum, Arupinum, Monetium, Vendum.I am not acquainted with the sites of these places. G. The
country is poor, and the
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VII., CHAPTER VI. (search)
kind of limit, the mouth of the Pontus, which will be useful
both for our present and our future descriptions.
If we set out from the Sacred mouth of the Danube, having
on the right hand the continuous line of coast, we find at the
distance of 500 stadia, Ister,Istropolis or Kara-Herman. a small town founded by Mile-
sians; then Tomis,Tomesvar. another small town, at the distance of
250 stadia; then Callatis,Mangalia. a city, a colony of the Heracleotæ,
at 280 stadia; then, at 1300 stadia, Apollonia,Sizepoli. a colony of
Milesians, having the greater part of the buildings upon a
small island, where is a temple of Apollo, whence Marcus
Lucullus took the Colossus of Apollo, the work of Calamides,
and dedicated it as a sacred offering in the Capitol. In the
intermediate distance between Callatis and Apollonia, is Bizone, a great part of which was swallowed up by an earthquake; Cruni;Baltchik, near Kavarna. Odessus,Varna. a colony of Milesians; and Naulochus, a small t
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VII., CHAPTER VII. (search)
their kings being
descended from the Æacidæ, and because the ancient and
famous oracle of DodonaThe site of Dodona is unknown. was in their country. Chaones,
Thesproti, and next after these Cassopæi, (who are Thes-
proti,) occupy the coast, a fertile tract reaching from the
Ceraunian mountains to the Ambracian Gulf.
The voyage commencing from the Chaones eastward towards
the Gulfs of Ambracia and Corinth, and having the Ausonian
Sea on the right, and Epirus on the left, comprises 1300 stadia
to the mouth of the Ambracian Gulf. In this interval is Panormus,Panormo. a large port in the middle of the Ceraunian mountains. Next to this is Onchesmus,Santi Quaranta. another harbour, opposite
to which are the western extremities of Corcyra,Corfu. and then
again another port, Cassiope,Cassiopo. (Cassope?) whence to BrundusiumBrindisi. are 1700 stadia. It is the same distance to Tarentum
from another promontory more to the south than Cassiope,
which is called Phalacrum. Next af
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK X., CHAPTER II. (search)
le island came such a
number of suitors, and from a single city of the four came
half the number within two? If any one should admit this,
we shall inquire what the Samé could be, which is mentioned
in this line,
Dulichium and Samé, and the woody Zacynthus.Od. i. 246.Od. i. 246.
Cephallenia is situated opposite to Acarnania, at the distance from Leucatas of about 50, or according to others, of 40
stadia, and from ChelonatasC. Tornese. of about 80 stadia. It is about 300
stadia (1300?) in circumference. It extends in length towards
the south-east (Eurus). It is mountainous; the largest mountain in it is the Ænus,Monte Nero. on which is the temple of Jupiter
Ænesius. Here is the narrowest part of the island, which forms
a low isthmus, that is frequently overflowed from sea to sea.We may hence conjecture that Cephallenia in the time of Homer
was divided into two parts, Dulichium and Samé. It may explain at
least the uncertainty of the ancients respecting the position o
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XIV., CHAPTER III. (search)
c charges imposed on the several towns
were in proportion to the number of representatives sent from each city.
—Gillies, vol. ii. p. 64, &c.
It was the fortune of these people, who lived under such an
excellent government, to retain their liberty under the Romans, and the laws and institutions of their ancestors; to see
also the entire extirpation of the pirates, first by Servilius
Isauricus, at the time that he demolished Isaura, and afterwards by Pompey the Great, who burnt more than 1300 vessels, and destroyed their haunts and retreats. Of the survivors
in these contests he transferred some to Soli, which he called
Pompeiopolis; others to Dyme, which had a deficient population, and is now occupied by a Roman colony.
The poets, however, particularly the tragic poets, confound
nations together; for instance, Trojans, Mysians, and Lydians,
whom they call Phrygians, and give the name of Lycians to
After Dædala is a Lycian mountain, and near it is Telmessus,Makri.
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XV., CHAPTER I. (search)
is of a triangular
shape, at 2000 stadia; and the breadth of the river, where it is
separated into two mouths, at about 200 stadia.This number is too large. There is probably an error in the text.
Groskurd reads 20; but Kramer refers to Arrian's expedition of Alexander, v. 20, and suggests that we may here read 100 (r) instead of 200 (s). He calls the
island Delta, and says that it is as large as the Delta of
Egypt; but this is a mistake. For the Egyptian Delta is
said to have a base of 1300 stadia, and each of the sides to be
less than the base. In Patalene is Patala, a considerable
city, from which the island has its name.
Onesicritus says, that the greatest part of the coast in
this quarter abounds with swamps, particularly at the mouths
of the river, which is owing to the mud, the tides, and the want
of land breezes; for these parts are chiefly under the influence
of winds blowing from the sea.
He expatiates also in praise of the country of Musicanus,
and relates of