. III. By the election of the emperor Henry VII.
(of Luxemburg, November, 1308), and the news of his proposed expedition into Italy, the hopes of Dante were raised to the highest pitch.
Henry entered Italy, October, 1310, and received the iron crown of Lombardy at Milan, on the day of Epiphany, 1311.
His movements being slow, and his policy undecided, Dante addressed him that famous letter, urging him to crush first the Hydra and Myrrha Florence, as the root of all the evils of Italy (April 16, 1311). To this year we must probably assign the new decree by which the seigniory of Florence recalled a portion of the exiles, excepting Dante, however, among others, by name.
Macchiavelli is the authority for this, and is carelessly cited in the preface to the Udine edition of the Codex Bartolinianus as placing it in 1312.
Macchiavelli does no such thing, but expressly implies an earlier date, perhaps 1310.
Op. ed. Baretti, London, 1772, Vol.
I. p. 60.) The undertaking of