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Plato, Republic 2 2 Browse Search
James Russell Lowell, Among my books 1 1 Browse Search
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Plato, Republic, Book 1, section 347c (search)
for they are not covetous of honor. So there must be imposed some compulsion and penalty to constrain them to rule if they are to consent to hold office. That is perhaps why to seek office oneself and not await compulsion is thought disgraceful. But the chief penalty is to be governed by someone worseCf. Aristotle Politics 1318 b 36. In a good democracy the better classes will be content, for they will not be ruled by worse men. Cf. Cicero, Ad Att. ii. 9 “male vehi malo alio gubernante quam tam ingratis vectoribus bene gubernare”; Democr. fr. 49 D.: “It is hard to be ruled by a worse man;” Spencer, Data of Ethics, 77. if a man will not himself hold office and rule. It is
Plato, Republic, Book 8, section 565a (search)
ivators of their own farmsAU)TOURGOI/: Cf. Soph. 223 D, Eurip.Or. 920, Shorey in Class. Phil. xxiii. (1928) pp. 346-347. who possess little property. This is the largest and most potent group in a democracy when it meets in assembly.” “Yes, it is,” he said, “but it will not often do that,Cf. Aristot.Pol. 1318 b 12. unless it gets a share of the honey.” “Well, does it not always share,” I said, “to the extent that the men at the head find it possible, in distributingCf. Isoc. viii. 13TOU\S TA\ TH=S PO/LEWS DIANEMOME/NOUS. to the people what they take from the well-to-do,For TOU\S E)/XONTAS cf. Blaydes on Aristoph.Knights 1295. For the exp