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, a dignity frequently conferred at that court upon physicians. (Dict. of Ant. p. 611b.) Very little is known of the events of his life, and his date is rather uncertain, as some persons reckon him to have lived in the eleventh century, and others bring him down as low as the beginning of the fourteenth. He probably lived towards the end of the thirteenth century, as one of his works is dedicated to his tutor, Joseph Racendytes, who lived in the reign of Andronicus II. Palaeologus, A. D. 1281-1328. One of his school-fellows is supposed to have been Apocauchus, whom he describes (though without naming him) as going upon an embassy to the north. (De Meth. Med. Praef. in i. ii. pp. 139, 169.) Works *Peri\ *)Energeiw=n kai\ *Paqw=n tou= yuxikou= *Pneu/matos, kai\ th=s kat' au)to\ *Diai/ths (De Actionibus et Affectibus Spiritus Animalis, ejusque Nutritione) One of his works is entitled, *Peri\ *)Energeiw=n kai\ *Paqw=n tou= yuxikou= *Pneu/matos, kai\ th=s kat' au)to\ *Diai/ths--De Acti
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Joannes GALENUS (search)
Joannes GALENUS 61. GALENUS (*Galhno/s) or PEDIASIMUS (*Pedia/dimos); also called POTHUS (*Po/qos), and HYPATUS (s. PRINCEPS) PHILOSOPHORUM (*Gpatos tw=n *Filodo/fwn). He was Chartophylax, keeper of the records of the province of Justiniana Prima, and of all Bulgaria, under the emperor Andronicus Palaeologus the Younger (A. D. 1328-1341). Works Joannes Galenus was a man of varied accomplishments, as his works show, and the eminence which he attained among his countrymen is evinced by his title of " Chief of the Philosophers." He wrote: 1. *)Ech/ghsis ei)s th\n tou= *Qeokri/tou *Su/rigga (Exegesis in Theocriti Syringem.) *)Ech/ghsis ei)s th\n tou= *Qeokri/tou *Su/rigga, Exegesis in Theocriti Syringem. Editions This was first published by Henry Stephens in his smaller edition of Theocriti aliorumque Poetarum Idyllia, 12mo., Paris, 1579 : it is reprinted in Kiessling's edition of Theocritus, 8vo., Leipzig, 1819. 2. Scholia Graeca in Oppiani Halieuticas. De Piscilus. Scholia G
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Metochi'ta, Theodo'rus (*Qeo/dwros o( *Metoxi/ths), the intimate friend and adherent of the unfortunate emperor Andronicus the Elder (A. D. 1282-1328), was a man of extraordinary learning and great literary activity, although much of his time was taken up by the duties he had to discharge as Magnus Logotheta Ecclesiae Constant., and the various commissions with which he was entrusted by his imperial friend. No sooner had Andronicus the Younger usurped the throne, in 1328, than he deposed Metochita and sent him into exile. The learned priest, however, was soon recalled, but, disgusted with the world, he retired into a convent in Constantinople, where he died in 1332. It is said that he was the son of the preceding Georgius Metochita, with whom he has often been confounded. Nicephorus Gregoras, the writer, delivered the funeral oration at the interment of Th. Metochita, and wrote an epitaph which is given in Fabricius. Many details referring to the life of this distinguished divine are
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Grego'rius Acindynus (search)
ll, induced an illness which almost occasioned his death; and the urgent recommendation of the other monks of the place induced him then to leave Scete, and return to Mount Athos; but this change not sufficing for his recovery, he removed to Thessalonica (Cantacuzen. Hist. 2.39). It was apparently while at Thessalonica, that his controversy began with Barlaam, a Calabrian monk, who having visited Constantinople soon after the accession of the emperor Andronicus Palaeologus the younger in A. D. 1328 (ANDRONICUS III.), and professed himself an adherent of the Greek church, and a convert from and an opponent of the Latin church, against which he wrote several works, obtained the favour and patronage of the emperor. Barlaam appears to have been a conceited man, and to have sought opportunities of decrying the usages of the Byzantine Greeks. To this supercilions humour the wild fanaticism of the monks of Athos presented an admirable subject. Those of them who aimed at the highest spiritua
ons is known; but the Greek translation (as we learn from the preface) was made at the command of one of the emperors of Constantinople, perhaps, as Fabricius (Bibl. Gr. vol. xii. p. 692, ed. vet.) conjectures, Constantine Ducas, who reigned from 1059 to 1067. In one of the Greek MSS. at Paris, however (§ 2228, Catal. vol. ii. p. 465), it is attributed to Joannes Actuarius [ACTUARIUS] ; and, if this be correct, the emperor alluded to will more probably be Andronicus II. Paleologus, A. D. 1281-1328. Editions It was from this Greek translation (which appears to have been executed either very carelessly, or from an imperfect MS.), and from Latin versions made from it, that the work was first known in Europe, the earliest Latin translation made directly from the original Arabic being that which was published by Dr. Mead, in 1747, 8vo. Lond., at the end of his work De Variolis et Morbillis. The Arabic text was published for the first time by John Channing, in 1766, 8vo. Lond, together wi