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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 4 4 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
restores Forum of Augustus, 220; restores Basilica Neptuni, 81; restores Thermae of Agrippa, 518; restores Saepta, 460; medallions on Arch of Constantine, 37; Obelisk of Antinous, 366; builds Athenaeum, 56; Auguratorium, 61. 121Vestibule of Golden House destroyed, 172. Line of Pomerium marked out, 396. Terminal stones of Tiber banks, 538. 126Pantheon rebuilt, 383. 128Colossus of Nero moved, 130. 134Pons Aelius finished, 396. 135Temple of Venus and Rome dedicated, 553. 138-161Reign of Antoninus Pius: perhaps completes Temple of Venus and Rome, 553; restores Temple of Bacchus on Sacra Via, 321: of Aesculapius ?), 2: of Augustus, 62: Colosseum, 6: Graecostadium which had been burnt, 248; part of Circus Maximus collapses, 117; the Antonines build Ustrina, 545: restore House of Vestals, 60. 139Dedicatory inscription in Mausoleum of Hadrian, 336. 139-143Baline
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Agrippa Castor (*)Agri/ppas *Ka/stwr), about A. D. 135, praised as a historian by Eusebius, and for his learning by St Jerome (de Viris Illusir. c. 21), lived in the reign of Hadrian. He wrote against the twenty-four books of the Alexandrian Gnostic Basilides, on the Gospel. Quotations are made from his work by Eusebius. (Hist. Eccles. 4.7; see Gallandi's Bibliotheca Patrum, vol. i. p. 330.) [A.J.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Co'mmodus or Aelius Caesar (search)
ual on whom the title of Caesar was bestowed to indicate the next heir to the imperial throne. Of the early life of Aelius Caesar we know nothing except that he attracted the attention and gained the favour of Hadrian by his personal beauty and literary accomplishments, although the son-in-law of Nigrinus, who was put to death as a traitor. The precise date of his adoption is a disputed point among chronologers (see Tillemont and Eckhel), some, on the authority of Spartianus, declaring for A. D. 135; while others with greater probability conclude, from inscriptions and coins, that it took place the year following. He is set down in the Fasti as consul for A. D. 136, under the name of Ceionius Commodus, which seems to prove that the ceremonies of adoption had not at all events been completed at the commencement of that year; while on the coins of his second consulship, which belongs to A. D. 137, we find him designated as L. Aelius Caesar, and invested with the tribunicia potestas. Soo
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Po'lemon ANTONIUS (search)
Funeral Orations The only extant work of Polemon is the funeral orations for Cynaegeirus and Callimachus, the generals who fell at Marathon, which are supposed to be pronounced by their fathers, each extolling his own son above the other. Philostratus mentions several others of his rhetorical compositions, the subjects of which are chiefly taken from Athenian history, and an oration which he pronounced, by command of Hadrian, at the dedication of the temple of Zeus Olympius at Athens, in A. D. 135. Editions His lo/goi e)pita/fioi were first printed by H. Stephanus, in his collection of the declamations of Polemon, Himerius, and other rhetoricians, Paris, 1547, 4to., afterwards by themselves in Greek, Paris, 1586, 4to.; and in Greek and Latin, Tolosae, 1637, 8vo. The latest and best edition is that of Caspar and Conrad Orelli, Lips. 1819, 8vo. Further Information Fabric. Bibl. Gracec. vol. vi. pp. 2-4 ; Clinton, Fasti Romani, s. a. 133, 135, 143.) There is a coin of Hadrian, be
Pontia'nus 4. PONTIANUS, consul suffectus in A. D. 135.
undant, numismatically speaking. The obverse l has an inscription and anchor; the reverse m has two cornucopiae, within which is a caduccus. The shekel, stater, drachma, and denarius, representing three different nationalities, were current in Palestine. Barkabab, who raised a politico-religious crusade against the Romans in the time of Hadrian, closed the series of Jewish coins (o p), for after this Jerusalem, as a Jewish city, disappears altogether, and under the name of Aelia, A. D. 135, became a Roman colony from which Jews were rigorously excluded. Constantine restored the name and made it a Christian city about A. D. 326. Five centuries of peace, a long period for Jerusalem, followed the restoration under Constantine and Julian. Then followed the Persian, Chosroes II., A. D. 614; Heraclius retrieved it in 628; but Omar subdued it, A. D. 637. The Christians regained it but for a brief and bloody interval of 87 years, in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, when it was co