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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3 1 1 Browse Search
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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK I., CHAPTER II. (search)
to have followed Aristotle, who attributes to Sesostris the construction of the first canal connecting the Mediterranean, or rather the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, with the Red Sea. Pliny has followed the same tradition. Strabo, Book xvii., informs us, that other authors attribute the canal to Necho the son of Psammeticus; and this is the opinion of Herodotus and Diodorus. It is possible these authors may be speaking of two different attempts to cut this canal. Sesostris flourished about 1356 years before Christ, Necho 615 years before the same era. About a century after Necho, Darius the son of Hystaspes made the undertaking, but desisted under the false impression that the level of the Red Sea was higher than that of the Mediterranean. Ptolemy Philadelphus proved this to be an error, by uniting the Red Sea to the Nile without causing any inundation. At the time of Trojan and Hadrian the communication was still in existence, though subsequently it became choked up by an ac
of the words, curbonum pulvere; which he wrote Lura nope cum ubre. This looks as though he considered it a secret; not necessarily his invention, but a dangerous compound not adapted for the use of the vulgar. Michael Schwartz, a Cordelier monk, of Goslar, in Germany, about A. D. 1320, seems to have combined the three ingredients, and has been credited with the discovery. A commemorative statue of Schwartz was erected in 1853, at Freiburg. Artillery was known in France in 1345. In 1356, the city of Nuremberg purchased gunpowder and cannon. The same year Louvain employed thirty cannon at the battle of Santfliet against the Flemings. In 1361, a fire broke out at Lubec from the careless use of gunpowder. In 1363, the Hanse towns used gunpowder in a conflict with the Danes. It is commonly stated that gunpowder was first made in England, at periods varying from 1411 to 1438; but recent research by Rev. Joseph Hunter has brought to light records of its manufacture for
box detached from the loom. The box is perforated with as many holes as there are warp-threads, and rods connected with each thread are suspended over it. The pattern-cards are perforated to correspond with the figure to be woven. As the box revolves, carrying the cards successively over its faces, the rods drop down whenever the holes in the cards and box coincide, each rod lifting its own warp-thread. The cards are hung together in an endless belt, as shown in the figure. See also pages 1356, 1357. Pattern-card of Jacquard loom. Pattern-chain. (Weaving.) A device for automatically bringing to the picker, according to the sequence required by the pattern, the shuttles in the shuttle-boxes at the ends of the race. In Fig. 3570, the patternchain is shown passing over the wheel M. It has links of varying hight, which, as they pass beneath the roller on lever I, raise it to a greater or lesser hight, and with it the rod G and the shuttle-box at its summit, and so bring t
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 40: outrages in Kansas.—speech on Kansas.—the Brooks assault.—1855-1856. (search)
s diverted by Toombs, who with prudent thought did not wish to have the violence extend to an aged Southern senator. He came close to the scene,—to Cass's seat (No. 30), within ten feet of it,—continuing his demonstrations, warning off with threats Holland the doorkeeper, as well as Crittenden, crying out, Let them alone! Gorman's testimony, Congressional Globe, p. 1354; Foster's, p. 1356; Morgan's, p. 1357; Holland's, p. 1358; Sutton's, p. 1363; Simonton's, p. 1:361; Toombs's, pp. 1355– 1356. Keitt and Edmundson, in order to avoid the charge that an indignity to the Senate was intended, and to maintain the point that that body had no jurisdiction, made formal denials that they knew beforehand of the time and place when the assault was to be male. (Brooks also testified to the same effect, May 23, Globe, p. 1312; Brooks's letter, p. 1347; Emundson's testimony, p. 1362; Keitt's remarks, May 23, p. 1292; Keitt's speech, July 16, App. p. 838.) The-e denials were evasive. the two