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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 138 AD or search for 138 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Vologeses II. (search)
nd reigned probably from about A. D. 122 to 149. In A. D. 133, Media, which was then subject to the Parthians, was overrun by a vast horde of Alani (called by Dio Cassius, Albani), who penetrated also into Armenia and Cappadocia, but were induced to retire, partly by the presents of Vologeses, and partly through fear of Arrian, the Roman governor of Cappadocia. (D. C. 69.15.) During the reign of Hadrian, Vologeses continued at peace with the Romans ; and on the accession of Antoninus Pius, A. D. 138, he sent an embassy to Rome, to present the new emperor with a golden crown, which event is commemorated on a coin of Antoninus. (Eckhel, vii. pp. 5, 10, 11.) These friendly relations, however, did not continue undisturbed. Vologeses solicited from Antoninus the restoration of the royal throne of Parthia, which had been taken by Trajan, but did not obtain his request. He made preparations to invade Armenia, but was deterred from doing so by time representations of Antoninus. (Capitol. Anto
Artemido'rus 2. ARTEMIDORUS CAPITO (*)Artemi/dwros o( *Kapi/twn), a Greek physician and grammarian at Rome, in the reign of the emperor Hadrian, A. D. 117-138. He was a relation of Dioscorides, who also edited the works of Hippocrates, and he is frequently mentioned by Galen. (Comment. in Hippocr. "De Humor." vol. xvi. p. 2; Gloss. Hippocr. vol. xix. p. 83, &c.) He may perhaps be the person sometimes quoted simply by the name of Capito. [CAPITO.] Works An Edition of the Works of Hippocrates He published an edition of the works of Hippocrates, which Galen tells us (Comment. in Hippocr. " De Nat. Hom." vol. xv. p. 21) was not only much valued by the emperor himself, but was also much esteemed even in Galen's time. He is, however, accused of making considerable changes in the text, and of altering the old readings and modernizing the language.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
lius to have completed the Noctes Atticae before the death of Antoninus Pius. (A. D. 161.) The passage in Gellius which would make the conversation take place nearly 700 years after the laws of the Twelve Tables were enacted, must be, if not a false reading, an error or exaggeration; for at most little more than 600 years could have elapsed from A. U. C. 300 in the lifetime of Gellius. If 600 be read for 700, the scene would be brought at furthest to a period not far from the commencement (A. D. 138) of the reign of Antoninus Pius. These arguments are not sufficient to destroy the probability arising from Dig. 35. tit. 3. s. 3.4, that Sex. Caecilius and Africanus are one person. In Dig. 24. tit. 1. s. 64, some have proposed to read Caelius instead of Caecilius, and thus get rid of the passage which is the principal ground for assigning an earlier date to Sex. Caecilius; but this mode of cutting the knot, though it is assisted by fair critical analogies, is unnecessary, for Javolenus
Co'mmodus 4. L. Ceionius Commodus, who was born at Rome on the 15th of December, A. D. 130. Upon the adoption of his father by Hadrian, he passed into the gens Aelia, and was entitled L. Ceionius Aelius Aurelius Commodus. Again, after the death of his father, he was, in pursuance of the command of Hadrian, adopted, along with M. Aurelius, by Antoninus Pius on the 25th of February, A. D. 138, and thus became L. Ceionius Aelius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus. During the lifetime of Pius he enjoyed no peculiar distinction except the appellation filius Augusti; in 156 he was quaestor, and in the year following consul, an honour which he enjoyed for a second time, along with his brother by adoption, in 161. After the death of Antoninus Pius, which took place in March, 161, he was invested with the titles of Caesar and Augustus, and by the favour of the new sovereign admitted to a full participation in all the imperial dignities. At the same time, M. Aurelius transferred to him the name of Ve
Fausti'na 1. ANNIA GALERIA FAUSTINA, commonly distinguished as Faustina Senior, whose descent is given in the genealogical table prefixed to the life of M. AURELIUS, married Antoninus Pius, while he was yet in a private station, and, when he became emperor, in A. D. 138, received the title of Augusta. She did not, however, long enjoy her honours, for she died, A. D. 141, in the thirty-seventh year of her age. The profligacy of her life, and the honours with which she was loaded both before and after her decease, have been noticed under ANTONINUS PIUS. The medals bearing her name and effigy exceed, both in number and variety of types, those struck in honour of any other royal personage after death. One of these represents the temple dedicated to her memory in the Via Sacra, which still remains in a very perfect state. (Capitolin. Anton. Pius, 3, 5; Eckhel, vol. vii. p. 37.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Hadria'nus, P. Ae'lius the fourteenth in the series of Roman emperors, reigned from the 11th of August, A. D. 117, till the 10th of July, A. D. 138. He was born at Rome on the 24th of January, A. D. 76; and not as Eutropius (8.6) and Eusebius (Chron. no. 2155, p. 166, ed. Scaliger) state, at Italica. This mistake arose from the fact, that Hadrian was descended, according to his own account, from a family of Hadria in Picenum, which, in the time of P. Scipio, had settled at Italica in Spain. Hideath by his command. Aelius Verus, however, who was entrusted with the administration of Pannonia, did not afford Hadrian the assistance and support he had expected, for he was a person of a weakly constitution, and died on the 1st of January, A. D. 138. Hadrian now adopted Arrius Antoninus, afterwards surnamed Pius, and presented him to the senators assembled around his bed as his successor. But Hadrian, mindful of the more distant future, made it the condition with Antoninus that he should a
Hermo'genes (*(Ermoge/nhs) 1. The name of several ancient physicians, whom it is difficult to distinguish with certainty. 1. A physician in attendance on the emperor Hadrian at the time of his death, A. D. 138. (D. C. 69.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Justi'nus Martyr (search)
be the record of an actual discussion, held, according to Eusebius (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 4.18), at Ephesus. Trypho describes himself as a Jew "flying from the war now raging," probably occasioned by the revolt under Barchochebas, in the reign of Hadrian, A. D. 132-134. But though the discussion probably took place at this time, it was not committed to writing, at least not finished, till some years after, as Justin makes a reference to his first Apology, which is assigned as we have seen to A. D. 138 or 139. It has been conjectured that Trypho is the Rabbi Tarphon of the Talmudists, teacher or colleague of the celebrated Rabbi Akiba, but he does not appear as a rabbi in the dialogue. The dialogue is, perhaps, founded upon the con versation of Justin with Trypho, rather than an accurate record of it; but the notices of persons, and especially the interesting account of Justin's own studies and conversion, are likely to be generally correct. It appears to be mutilated, but to what extent
whether the purchaser was still alive denotes that a considerable period had elapsed between the transaction recorded and the date of the *Pro\s a)pai/deuton. But that piece can be shown to have been written shortly after the extraordinary suicide of Peregrinus, A. D. 165; for in § 14 Lucian mentions another silly fellow who had just recently purchased (*Xqe\s kai\ prw/hn) the stick of the fanatical cynic for a talent. Now Epictetus could hardly have survived the reign of Hadrian, who died A. D. 138 (EPICTETUS, and Clinton, l. C.), and it is more likely that he did not reach the middle of it. On these grounds we might at a venture place Lucian's birth about the year 120; and this date tallies pretty well with other inferences from his writings. The *Pw=s dei= i(stori/an suggra/fein must have been nearly contemporary with the *Pro\ a)pai/deuton, since it alludes to the Parthian victories of Verus (Clinton, A. D. 166), but was probably written before the final triumph, as from an expres
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Mauricia'nus, Ju'nius a Roman jurist, who wrote, according to the Florentine Index, six books, Ad Leges, by which is meant Ad Leg. Juliam et Papiam (Dig. 33. tit. 2. s. 23). The passage just cited shows that he was writing this work in the time of Antoninus Pius (A. D. 138-161). There is one passage in the Digest from the second book of Mauricianus De Poenis (2. tit. 13. s. 3), which work is not mentioned in the Florentine Index. He also wrote notes on Julianus (2. tit. 14. s. 7.2; 7. tit. 1. s. 25.1), but in place of Mauricianus some manuscripts have Martianus or Marcianus in the two passages just cited. Mauricianus is sometimes cited by other jurists. There are four excerpts from his writings in the Digest. [G.L]
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