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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, DIVORUM, AEDES (search)
DIVORUM, AEDES a temple of the Divi, that is, the deified emperors, on the Palatine, mentioned three times in inscriptions of the Arvales as a place of assembling (CIL vi. 32379, 145 A.D.; 2087; 2104, 218 A.D.; DE i. 177), and probably referred to by Cassius Dio (lxxvi. 3: qewri/ais toi=s e)v tw= *palati/w| h(/rwsi pepoihme/nais( 203 A.D.). This seems to have been a new temple, which served for the collective worship of the divi Augusti, after the observance of their separate cults began to fall into disuse (HJ 81-82; WR 347; cf. Gilb. iii. 131-133).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, DIVUS HADRIANUS TEMPLUM, HADRIANEUM (search)
DIVUS HADRIANUS TEMPLUM, HADRIANEUM (Not.): a temple of the deified Hadrian in the campus Martius, dedicated by Antoninus Pius in 145 A.D. (Hist. Aug. Pius 8; Verus 3; cf. also BC 1885, 92-93 and HJ 608, n. 19). From its position in the list of Reg. (Reg. IX), it was probably between the column of Marcus Aurelius and the thermae Alexandrinae, and is to be identified with the ancient structure in the Piazza di Pietra which is now the Bourse and was formerly called erroneously the basilica or temple of Neptune (HJ 608-610; Lucas, Zur Geschichte d. Neptunsbasilica in Rom, Berlin 1904. See BASILICA NEPTUNI. A part of the north-east side is still standing (III. 29) and consists of eleven fluted columns of white marble with Corinthian capitals and a richly decorated entablature. The columns are 15 metres in height and 1.44 in diameter. The order is very like that of the temple of Serapis (?) on the Quirinal (see TEMPLUM SOLIS AURELIANI). The
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
f Venus and Rome, 553; restores Temple of Bacchus on Sacra Via, 321: of Aesculapius ?), 2: of Augustus, 62: Colosseum, 6: Graecostadium which had been burnt, 248; part of Circus Maximus collapses, 117; the Antonines build Ustrina, 545: restore House of Vestals, 60. 139Dedicatory inscription in Mausoleum of Hadrian, 336. 139-143Balineum Mamertini, 70. 141(after). Temple in Forum dedicated to Faustina, 13. 143Curia Athletarum, 142. 145Temple dedicated to Divus Hadrianus, 250. 161Terminal stones of Tiber banks, 538. 161-180Reign of Marcus Aurelius: Arco di Portogallo (?), 33; Temple of Mercury (?), 339; M. Aurelius and L. Verus build column of Antoninus Pins, 131; Arcus Divi Veri, 47. 161(after). Temple of Faustina dedicated also to Antoninus, 13. 176Arches of M. Aurelius, 35, 37. 176Temple of Juppiter Heliopolitanus near Lucus Furrinae, 294. 176-193Column of Marcus Aurelius, 132. 180-193Reign of Comm
Fausti'na 2. Annia Faustina, or Faustina Junior, was the daughter of the elder Fausrina. During the life of Hadrian she was betrothed to the son of Aelius Caesar; but upon the accession of her father, Antoninus Pius, the match was broken off, in consequence of the extreme youth of L. Verus, and it was fixed that she should become the bride of M. Aurelius, although the marriage was not solemnized until A. D. 145 or 146. She died in a village on the skirts of Mount Taurus, in the year A. D. 175, having accompanied ihe emperor to Syria, when he visited the East for the purpose of restoring tranquillity after the rebellion of Avidius Cassius, which is said to have been excited by her intrigues [M. AURELIUS; AVIDIUS CASSIUS]. Her profligacy was so open and infamous, that the good nature or blindness of her husband, who cherished her fondly while alive, and loaded her with honours after her death, appear truly marvellous. (D. C. 71.10, 22, 29, 31; Capitolin. M. Aurel. 6, 19, 26; Eutrop. 8.
as Homer. The Greeks made them in various forms; skull-caps, conical, truncated. narrow or broad brimmed (petasus). The Phrygian bonnet was an elevated cap without a brim, the apex turned over in front. This form is very old, and indicates an inhabitant of Asia Minor. It is known now as the cap of liberty. In Rome, the ceremony of manumission of a slave, the head was shaved and a cap presented as an emblem of freedom. An ancient figure of Liberty, of the time of Antoninus Pius, A. D. 145, holds the cap in the right hand. We even find them with brim and no crown. Tied before or behind, — we thought this was quite modern. A broad-brimmed hat is shown in the sculptures of Karnak. Herodotus refers to the soft hats of the Persians. They wore round-top caps without peaks, somewhat resembling the modern fez. Hats encircled with plumes were the head-dress of the Lycian contingent in the army of Xerxes. Herodotus said that the skulls of the bareheaded Egyptians were so bak
tians, and taught by them to Pythagoras. The theory did not flourish in Greece. Plato mentions it. A few scholars, like Nicolas (probably of Laodicea, fourth century A. D.), entertained it during the vast intervening period, and it was eventually revived by Copernicus. When the Spaniards conquered Peru, they found the natives in possession of the true theory, considering the sun the center of our system. The Chinese annals state that Tsi-ang-nung, in the reign of Shu-en-ti (126 – 145 A. D.), made an orrery to represent the apparent motion of the heavenly bodies round the earth, the instrument being kept in motion by the dropping of water from a clepsydra. There is a reference also to a similar instrument in the third century. A planetarium is described in a letter from Angelo Politiano to his friend Francesco Casa, as seen by the former at Florence in the fifteenth century. The inventor was one Lorenzo of Florence, and the apparatus was constructed to illustrate the Pto